Do transitive verb ∨ auxiliary
; akin to D. doen
, OS. duan
, OHG. tuon
, G. thun
, Lith. deti
, OSlav. dti
, OIr. dénim
I do, Gr. to put, Skr. dha
, and to E. suffix -dom
, and prob. to L. facere
to do, E. fact
, and perh. to L. -dere
in some compounfds, as addere
to add, credere
to trust. Cf. Deed
imperfect Din p p Done present participle & verbal noun Doing This verb, when transitive, is formed in the indicative, present tense, thus: I do, thou doest () or dost , he does (), doeth (), or doth (); when auxiliary, the second person is, thou dost As an independent verb, dost is obsolete or rare, except in poetry "What dost thou in this world?" Milton The form doeth is adjective verb unlimited, doth, formerly so used, now being the auxiliary form The second person, singular , imperfect tense, is didst (), formerly didest ()
- To place; to put. Obs.
Tale of a Usurer (about 1330).
- To cause; to make; -- with an infinitive. Obs.
My lord Abbot of Westminster did do shewe to me late certain evidences.
I shall . . . your cloister do make.
A fatal plague which many did to die.
We do you to wit [i. e., We make you to know] of the grace of God bestowed on the churches of Macedonia.
2 Cor. viii. 1.
✍ We have lost the idiom shown by the citations (do used like the French faire or laisser), in which the verb in the infinitive apparently, but not really, has a passive signification, i. e., cause . . . to be made.
- To bring about; to produce, as an effect or result; to effect; to achieve.
The neglecting it may do much danger.
He waved indifferently' twixt doing them neither good not harm.
- To perform, as an action; to execute; to transact to carry out in action; as, to do a good or a bad act; do our duty; to do what I can.
Six days shalt thou labor and do all thy work.
Ex. xx. 9.
We did not do these things.
You can not do wrong without suffering wrong.
Hence: To do homage, honor, favor, justice, etc., to render homage, honor, etc.
- To bring to an end by action; to perform completely; to finish; to accomplish; -- a sense conveyed by the construction, which is that of the past participle done. "Ere summer half be done." "I have done weeping."
- To make ready for an object, purpose, or use, as food by cooking; to cook completely or sufficiently; as, the meat is done on one side only.
- To put or bring into a form, state, or condition, especially in the phrases, to do death, to put to death; to slay; to do away (often do away with), to put away; to remove; to do on, to put on; to don; to do off, to take off, as dress; to doff; to do into, to put into the form of; to translate or transform into, as a text.
Done to death by slanderous tongues.
The ground of the difficulty is done away.
Suspicions regarding his loyalty were entirely done away.
To do on our own harness, that we may not; but we must do on the armor of God.
Then Jason rose and did on him a fair
Blue woolen tunic.
W. Morris (Jason).
Though the former legal pollution be now done off, yet there is a spiritual contagion in idolatry as much to be shunned.
It ["Pilgrim's Progress"] has been done into verse: it has been done into modern English.
- To cheat; to gull; to overreach. Colloq.
He was not be done, at his time of life, by frivolous offers of a compromise that might have secured him seventy-five per cent.
- To see or inspect; to explore; as, to do all the points of interest. Colloq.
- (Stock Exchange) To cash or to advance money for, as a bill or note.
✍ (a) Do and did are much employed as auxiliaries, the verb to which they are joined being an infinitive. As an auxiliary the verb do has no participle. "I do set my bow in the cloud." Gen. ix. 13. Now archaic or rare except for emphatic assertion.
Rarely . . . did the wrongs of individuals to the knowledge of the public.
(b) They are often used in emphatic construction. "You don't say so, Mr. Jobson. -- but I do say so." Sir W. Scott. "I did love him, but scorn him now." Latham. (c) In negative and interrogative constructions, do and did are in common use. I do not wish to see them; what do you think? Did Cæsar cross the Tiber? He did not. "Do you love me?" Shak. (d) Do, as an auxiliary, is supposed to have been first used before imperatives. It expresses entreaty or earnest request; as, do help me. In the imperative mood, but not in the indicative, it may be used with the verb to be; as, do be quiet. Do, did, and done often stand as a general substitute or representative verb, and thus save the repetition of the principal verb. "To live and die is all we have to do." Denham. In the case of do and did as auxiliaries, the sense may be completed by the infinitive (without to) of the verb represented. "When beauty lived and died as flowers do now." Shak. "I . . . chose my wife as she did her wedding gown."
My brightest hopes giving dark fears a being.
As the light does the shadow.
In unemphatic affirmative sentences do is, for the most part, archaic or poetical; as, "This just reproach their virtue does excite."