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pluralism (Also pluralisms) : Related Words Words similar in meaning to pluralism

naturist

  • noun a person who practices nudity for reasons of health or religion
    nudist.

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racial_segregation

  • noun segregation by race

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concept

  • noun an abstract or general idea inferred or derived from specific instances
    conception; construct.

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giordano_bruno

  • noun Italian philosopher who used Copernican principles to develop a pantheistic monistic philosophy; condemned for heresy by the Inquisition and burned at the stake (1548-1600)
    Bruno.

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liberationist

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global

  • adjective satellite involving the entire earth; not limited or provincial in scope
    worldwide; planetary; world-wide; world.
    • global war
    • global monetary policy
    • neither national nor continental but planetary
    • a world crisis
    • of worldwide significance
  • adjective satellite having the shape of a sphere or ball
    spherical; ball-shaped; globular; orbicular; spheric; globose.
    • a spherical object
    • nearly orbicular in shape
    • little globular houses like mud-wasp nests"- Zane Grey

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resistance

  • noun the action of opposing something that you disapprove or disagree with
    opposition.
    • he encountered a general feeling of resistance from many citizens
    • despite opposition from the newspapers he went ahead
  • noun any mechanical force that tends to retard or oppose motion

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george_edward_moore

  • noun English philosopher (1873-1958)
    Moore; G. E. Moore.

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blaise_pascal

  • noun French mathematician and philosopher and Jansenist; invented an adding machine; contributed (with Fermat) to the theory of probability (1623-1662)
    Pascal.

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vitalism

  • noun (philosophy) a doctrine that life is a vital principle distinct from physics and chemistry

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philosopher

  • noun a specialist in philosophy
  • noun a wise person who is calm and rational; someone who lives a life of reason with equanimity

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ritualist

  • noun an advocate of strict observance of ritualistic forms
  • noun a social anthropologist who is expert on rites and ceremonies

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naturism

  • noun going without clothes as a social practice
    nudism.

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religious

  • noun a member of a religious order who is bound by vows of poverty and chastity and obedience
  • adjective satellite concerned with sacred matters or religion or the church
    spiritual.
    • religious texts
    • a member of a religious order
    • lords temporal and spiritual
    • spiritual leaders
    • spiritual songs

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ernst_mach

  • noun Austrian physicist and philosopher who introduced the Mach number and who founded logical positivism (1838-1916)
    Mach.

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systematist

  • noun a biologist who specializes in the classification of organisms into groups on the basis of their structure and origin and behavior
    taxonomer; taxonomist.
  • noun an organizer who puts things in order
    systematizer; systemizer; orderer; systemiser; systematiser.
    • Aristotle was a great orderer of ideas

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idealism

  • noun (philosophy) the philosophical theory that ideas are the only reality
  • noun impracticality by virtue of thinking of things in their ideal form rather than as they really are

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docetism

  • noun the heretical doctrine (associated with the Gnostics) that Jesus had no human body and his sufferings and death on the cross were apparent rather than real

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naive_realism

  • noun (philosophy) the philosophical doctrine that physical objects continue to exist when not perceived
    realism.

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papist

  • noun an offensive term for Roman Catholics; originally, a Roman Catholic who was a strong advocate of the papacy
  • adjective of or relating to or supporting Romanism
    Roman Catholic; popish; papistic; romish; R.C.; papistical; Roman; Romanist.
    • the Roman Catholic Church

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charles_peirce

  • noun United States philosopher and logician; pioneer of pragmatism (1839-1914)
    Charles Sanders Peirce; Peirce.

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kong_the_master

  • noun Chinese philosopher whose ideas and sayings were collected after his death and became the basis of a philosophical doctrine known a Confucianism (circa 551-478 BC)
    Confucius; Kongfuze; K'ung Futzu.

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papism

  • noun the beliefs and practices of the Catholic Church based in Rome
    Romanism; Roman Catholicism.
  • noun offensive terms for the practices and rituals of the Roman Catholic Church
    popery.

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weil

  • noun French philosopher (1909-1943)
    Simone Weil.
  • noun United States mathematician (born in France) (1906-1998)
    Andre Weil.

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dressing

  • noun savory dressings for salads; basically of two kinds: either the thin French or vinaigrette type or the creamy mayonnaise type
    salad dressing.
  • noun a mixture of seasoned ingredients used to stuff meats and vegetables
    stuffing.

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teaching

  • noun the profession of a teacher
    pedagogy; instruction.
    • he prepared for teaching while still in college
    • pedagogy is recognized as an important profession
  • noun a doctrine that is taught
    precept; commandment.
    • the teachings of religion
    • he believed all the Christian precepts

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rightist

  • noun a member of a right wing political party
    right-winger.
  • adjective satellite believing in or supporting tenets of the political right
    right-wing.

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quotation

  • noun a short note recognizing a source of information or of a quoted passage
    acknowledgment; reference; mention; citation; credit; cite.
    • the student's essay failed to list several important citations
    • the acknowledgments are usually printed at the front of a book
    • the article includes mention of similar clinical cases
  • noun a passage or expression that is quoted or cited
    quote; citation.

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david_hartley

  • noun English philosopher who introduced the theory of the association of ideas (1705-1757)
    Hartley.

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monism

  • noun the doctrine that reality consists of a single basic substance or element

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class_structure

  • noun the organization of classes within a society

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kabbalism

  • noun the doctrines of the Kabbalah
    Cabalism.
  • noun adherence to some extreme traditional theological concept or interpretation
    cabalism.

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diderot

  • noun French philosopher who was a leading figure of the Enlightenment in France; principal editor of an encyclopedia that disseminated the scientific and philosophical knowledge of the time (1713-1784)
    Denis Diderot.

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w._v._quine

  • noun United States philosopher and logician who championed an empirical view of knowledge that depended on language (1908-2001)
    Willard Van Orman Quine; Quine.

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woman

  • noun an adult female person (as opposed to a man)
    adult female.
    • the woman kept house while the man hunted
  • noun a female person who plays a significant role (wife or mistress or girlfriend) in the life of a particular man
    • he was faithful to his woman

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socrates

  • noun ancient Athenian philosopher; teacher of Plato and Xenophon (470-399 BC)

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ecumenicalism

  • noun (Christianity) the doctrine of the ecumenical movement that promotes cooperation and better understanding among different religious denominations: aimed at universal Christian unity
    ecumenism; ecumenicism.

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lynch

  • verb kill without legal sanction
    • The blood-thirsty mob lynched the alleged killer of the child

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humanitarianism

  • noun the doctrine that people's duty is to promote human welfare
    humanism.

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difference

  • noun the quality of being unlike or dissimilar
    • there are many differences between jazz and rock
  • noun a variation that deviates from the standard or norm
    deviation; divergence; departure.
    • the deviation from the mean

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nominalist

  • noun a philosopher who has adopted the doctrine of nominalism

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condition

  • noun a state at a particular time
    status.
    • a condition (or state) of disrepair
    • the current status of the arms negotiations
  • noun an assumption on which rests the validity or effect of something else
    precondition; stipulation.

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taoism

  • noun a Chinese sect claiming to follow the teaching of Lao-tzu but incorporating pantheism and sorcery in addition to Taoism
  • noun religion adhering to the teaching of Lao-tzu

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school

  • noun an educational institution
    • the school was founded in 1900
  • noun a building where young people receive education
    schoolhouse.
    • the school was built in 1932
    • he walked to school every morning

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zeno_of_elea

  • noun ancient Greek philosopher who formulated paradoxes that defended the belief that motion and change are illusory (circa 495-430 BC)
    Zeno.

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naturalist

  • noun an advocate of the doctrine that the world can be understood in scientific terms
  • noun a biologist knowledgeable about natural history (especially botany and zoology)
    natural scientist.

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jansenism

  • noun the Roman Catholic doctrine of Cornelis Jansen and his disciples; salvation is limited to those who are subject to supernatural determinism and the rest are assigned to perdition

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germanism

  • noun a custom that is peculiar to Germany or its citizens

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right

  • noun an abstract idea of that which is due to a person or governmental body by law or tradition or nature; it is something that nobody can take away"
    • they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights
    • Certain rights can never be granted to the government but must be kept in the hands of the people"- Eleanor Roosevelt
    • a right is not something that somebody gives you
  • noun location near or direction toward the right side; i.e. the side to the south when a person or object faces east
    • he stood on the right

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bacon

  • noun back and sides of a hog salted and dried or smoked; usually sliced thin and fried
  • noun English scientist and Franciscan monk who stressed the importance of experimentation; first showed that air is required for combustion and first used lenses to correct vision (1220-1292)
    Roger Bacon.

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democrat

  • noun an advocate of democratic principles
    populist.
  • noun a member of the Democratic Party

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lully

  • noun Spanish philosopher (1235-1315)
    Ramon Lully; Raymond Lully.
  • noun French composer (born in Italy) who was the court composer to Louis XIV and founded the national French opera (1632-1687)
    Jean Baptiste Lully; Lulli; Giambattista Lulli.

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herbart

  • noun German philosopher (1776-1841)
    Johann Friedrich Herbart.

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populism

  • noun the political doctrine that supports the rights and powers of the common people in their struggle with the privileged elite

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ethician

  • noun a philosopher who specializes in ethics
    ethicist.

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hartley

  • noun English philosopher who introduced the theory of the association of ideas (1705-1757)
    David Hartley.

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round

  • noun a charge of ammunition for a single shot
    one shot; unit of ammunition.
  • noun an interval during which a recurring sequence of events occurs
    rhythm; cycle.
    • the never-ending cycle of the seasons

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20th

  • adjective satellite coming next after the nineteenth in position
    twentieth.

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unwritten_law

  • noun law based on customary behavior

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pragmatic

  • noun an imperial decree that becomes part of the fundamental law of the land
    pragmatic sanction.
  • adjective satellite concerned with practical matters
    matter-of-fact; pragmatical.
    • a matter-of-fact (or pragmatic) approach to the problem
    • a matter-of-fact account of the trip

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bruno

  • noun German pope from 1049 to 1054 whose papacy was the beginning of papal reforms in the 11th century (1002-1054)
    Bruno of Toul; Leo IX.
  • noun (Roman Catholic Church) a French cleric (born in Germany) who founded the Carthusian order in 1084 (1032-1101)
    Saint Bruno; St. Bruno.

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systematizer

  • noun an organizer who puts things in order
    systemizer; orderer; systemiser; systematist; systematiser.
    • Aristotle was a great orderer of ideas

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tagore

  • noun Indian writer and philosopher whose poetry (based on traditional Hindu themes) pioneered the use of colloquial Bengali (1861-1941)
    Rabindranath Tagore; Sir Rabindranath Tagore.

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transvestitism

  • noun the practice of adopting the clothes or the manner or the sexual role of the opposite sex
    transvestism; cross dressing.

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street

  • noun a thoroughfare (usually including sidewalks) that is lined with buildings
    • they walked the streets of the small town
    • he lives on Nassau Street
  • noun the part of a thoroughfare between the sidewalks; the part of the thoroughfare on which vehicles travel
    • be careful crossing the street

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heraclitus

  • noun a presocratic Greek philosopher who said that fire is the origin of all things and that permanence is an illusion as all things are in perpetual flux (circa 500 BC)

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mentalism

  • noun (philosophy) a doctrine that mind is the true reality and that objects exist only as aspects of the mind's awareness

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theory

  • noun a well-substantiated explanation of some aspect of the natural world; an organized system of accepted knowledge that applies in a variety of circumstances to explain a specific set of phenomena
    • theories can incorporate facts and laws and tested hypotheses
    • true in fact and theory
  • noun a tentative insight into the natural world; a concept that is not yet verified but that if true would explain certain facts or phenomena
    hypothesis; possibility.
    • a scientific hypothesis that survives experimental testing becomes a scientific theory
    • he proposed a fresh theory of alkalis that later was accepted in chemical practices

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oswald_spengler

  • noun German philosopher who argued that cultures grow and decay in cycles (1880-1936)
    Spengler.

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sir_sarvepalli_radhakrishnan

  • noun Indian philosopher and statesman who introduced Indian philosophy to the West (1888-1975)
    Radhakrishnan; Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan.

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power

  • noun possession of controlling influence
    powerfulness.
    • the deterrent power of nuclear weapons
    • the power of his love saved her
    • his powerfulness was concealed by a gentle facade
  • noun (physics) the rate of doing work; measured in watts (= joules/second)

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williams

  • noun United States country singer and songwriter (1923-1953)
    Hiram Williams; Hiram King Williams; Hank Williams.
  • noun English philosopher credited with reviving the field of moral philosophy (1929-2003)
    Bernard Arthur Owen Williams; Sir Bernard Williams.

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ecclesiastical

  • adjective of or associated with a church (especially a Christian Church)
    ecclesiastic.
    • ecclesiastic history

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ecumenism

  • noun a movement promoting union between religions (especially between Christian churches)
    oecumenism.
  • noun (Christianity) the doctrine of the ecumenical movement that promotes cooperation and better understanding among different religious denominations: aimed at universal Christian unity
    ecumenicalism; ecumenicism.

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boethius

  • noun a Roman who was an early Christian philosopher and statesman who was executed for treason; Boethius had a decisive influence on medieval logic (circa 480-524)
    Anicius Manlius Severinus Boethius.

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popper

  • noun British philosopher (born in Austria) who argued that scientific theories can never be proved to be true, but are tested by attempts to falsify them (1902-1994)
    Karl Popper; Sir Karl Raimund Popper.
  • noun a container of stimulant drug (amyl nitrate or butyl nitrite)

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husserl

  • noun German philosopher who developed phenomenology (1859-1938)
    Edmund Husserl.

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anekantavada

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international

  • adjective concerning or belonging to all or at least two or more nations
    • international affairs
    • an international agreement
    • international waters
  • noun any of several international socialist organizations

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egalitarianism

  • noun the doctrine of the equality of mankind and the desirability of political and economic and social equality
    equalitarianism.

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nullification

  • noun the states'-rights doctrine that a state can refuse to recognize or to enforce a federal law passed by the United States Congress
  • noun the act of nullifying; making null and void; counteracting or overriding the effect or force of something
    override.

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method

  • noun a way of doing something, especially a systematic way; implies an orderly logical arrangement (usually in steps)
  • noun an acting technique introduced by Stanislavsky in which the actor recalls emotions or reactions from his or her own life and uses them to identify with the character being portrayed
    method acting.

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de_spinoza

  • noun Dutch philosopher who espoused a pantheistic system (1632-1677)
    Benedict de Spinoza; Spinoza; Baruch de Spinoza.

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nietzsche

  • noun influential German philosopher remembered for his concept of the superman and for his rejection of Christian values; considered, along with Kierkegaard, to be a founder of existentialism (1844-1900)
    Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche.

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exchange

  • noun chemical process in which one atom or ion or group changes places with another
  • noun a mutual expression of views (especially an unpleasant one)
    • they had a bitter exchange

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solemnization

  • noun the public performance of a sacrament or solemn ceremony with all appropriate ritual
    solemnisation; celebration.
    • the celebration of marriage

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logicism

  • noun (philosophy) the philosophical theory that all of mathematics can be derived from formal logic

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radhakrishnan

  • noun Indian philosopher and statesman who introduced Indian philosophy to the West (1888-1975)
    Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan; Sir Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan.

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matriarchy

  • noun a form of social organization in which a female is the family head and title is traced through the female line
    matriarchate.

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lobbyism

  • noun the practice of lobbying; the activities of a lobbyist

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jure

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path

  • noun a course of conduct
    way of life; way.
    • the path of virtue
    • we went our separate ways
    • our paths in life led us apart
    • genius usually follows a revolutionary path
  • noun a way especially designed for a particular use

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spencer

  • noun English philosopher and sociologist who applied the theory of natural selection to human societies (1820-1903)
    Herbert Spencer.

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celebration

  • noun a joyful occasion for special festivities to mark some happy event
    jubilation.
  • noun any joyous diversion
    festivity.

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molestation

  • noun the act of subjecting someone to unwanted or improper sexual advances or activity (especially women or children)
  • noun the act of tormenting by continued persistent attacks and criticism
    harassment.

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patriarchate

  • noun the jurisdiction of a patriarch
  • noun a form of social organization in which a male is the family head and title is traced through the male line
    patriarchy.

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substance

  • noun the real physical matter of which a person or thing consists
    • DNA is the substance of our genes
  • noun the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience
    kernel; center; centre; nitty-gritty; essence; sum; meat; heart; pith; nub; heart and soul; core; inwardness; marrow; gist.
    • the gist of the prosecutor's argument
    • the heart and soul of the Republican Party
    • the nub of the story

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larger

  • adjective satellite large or big relative to something else
    bigger.
  • adjective above average in size or number or quantity or magnitude or extent
    large; big.
    • a large city
    • set out for the big city
    • a large sum
    • a big (or large) barn
    • a large family
    • big businesses
    • a big expenditure
    • a large number of newspapers
    • a big group of scientists
    • large areas of the world

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jose_ortega_y_gasset

  • noun Spanish philosopher who advocated leadership by an intellectual elite (1883-1955)
    Ortega y Gasset.

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chiliasm

  • noun belief in the Christian doctrine of the millennium mentioned in the Book of Revelations
    millenarianism; millenarism; millenniumism.

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scholastic

  • noun a person who pays more attention to formal rules and book learning than they merit
    pedant; bookworm.
  • noun a Scholastic philosopher or theologian

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eclecticist

  • noun someone who selects according to the eclectic method
    eclectic.

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anthropophagy

  • noun human cannibalism; the eating of human flesh

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anarchist

  • noun an advocate of anarchism
    syndicalist; nihilist.

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suitable

  • adjective satellite meant or adapted for an occasion or use
    suited.
    • a tractor suitable (or fit) for heavy duty
    • not an appropriate (or fit) time for flippancy
  • adjective satellite worthy of being chosen especially as a spouse
    desirable; worthy.
    • the parents found the girl suitable for their son

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caste_system

  • noun a social structure in which classes are determined by heredity

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criticism

  • noun disapproval expressed by pointing out faults or shortcomings
    unfavorable judgment.
    • the senator received severe criticism from his opponent
  • noun a serious examination and judgment of something
    critique.
    • constructive criticism is always appreciated

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plato

  • noun ancient Athenian philosopher; pupil of Socrates; teacher of Aristotle (428-347 BC)

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pluralism

  • noun a social organization in which diversity of racial or religious or ethnic or cultural groups is tolerated
  • noun the doctrine that reality consists of several basic substances or elements

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confession

  • noun an admission of misdeeds or faults
  • noun a written document acknowledging an offense and signed by the guilty party

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communion

  • noun the act of participating in the celebration of the Eucharist
    manduction; Holy Communion; sacramental manduction.
    • the governor took Communion with the rest of the congregation
  • noun sharing thoughts and feelings
    sharing.

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society

  • noun an extended social group having a distinctive cultural and economic organization
  • noun a formal association of people with similar interests
    guild; club; social club; gild; lodge; order.
    • he joined a golf club
    • they formed a small lunch society
    • men from the fraternal order will staff the soup kitchen today

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semiology

  • noun (philosophy) a philosophical theory of the functions of signs and symbols
    semiotics.

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immaculate_conception

  • noun Roman Catholic holy day first celebrated in 1854
    December 8.
  • noun (Christianity) the Roman Catholic dogma that God preserved the Virgin Mary from any stain of original sin from the moment she was conceived
    Immaculate Conception of the Virgin Mary.

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anicius_manlius_severinus_boethius

  • noun a Roman who was an early Christian philosopher and statesman who was executed for treason; Boethius had a decisive influence on medieval logic (circa 480-524)
    Boethius.

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working

  • noun a mine or quarry that is being or has been worked
    workings.
  • verb exert oneself by doing mental or physical work for a purpose or out of necessity
    work.
    • I will work hard to improve my grades
    • she worked hard for better living conditions for the poor

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probabilism

  • noun a Roman Catholic system of casuistry that when expert opinions differ an actor can follow any solidly probable opinion that he wishes even though some different opinion might be more probable
  • noun (philosophy) the doctrine that (since certainty is unattainable) probability is a sufficient basis for belief and action

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secessionism

  • noun a doctrine that maintains the right of secession

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integralist

Sorry, we do not have the definition for this word.

single

  • noun a base hit on which the batter stops safely at first base
    bingle.
  • noun the smallest whole number or a numeral representing this number
    ace; I; unity; one; 1.
    • he has the one but will need a two and three to go with it
    • they had lunch at one

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armchair_liberal

  • noun a person of liberal ideals who takes no action to realize them

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process

  • noun a particular course of action intended to achieve a result
    procedure.
    • the procedure of obtaining a driver's license
    • it was a process of trial and error
  • noun (psychology) the performance of some composite cognitive activity; an operation that affects mental contents
    operation; cognitive process; mental process; cognitive operation.
    • the process of thinking
    • the cognitive operation of remembering

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holy_communion

  • noun the act of participating in the celebration of the Eucharist
    manduction; Communion; sacramental manduction.
    • the governor took Communion with the rest of the congregation

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separatism

  • noun a social system that provides separate facilities for minority groups
    segregation.
  • noun a disposition toward schism and secession from a larger group; the principles and practices of separatists
    • separatism is a serious problem in Quebec
    • demands for some form of separatism on grounds of religion have been perceived as a threat to mainstream education

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rationalism

  • noun (philosophy) the doctrine that knowledge is acquired by reason without resort to experience
  • noun the theological doctrine that human reason rather than divine revelation establishes religious truth

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millenniumism

  • noun belief in the Christian doctrine of the millennium mentioned in the Book of Revelations
    chiliasm; millenarianism; millenarism.

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cannibalism

  • noun the practice of eating the flesh of your own kind

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segregationist

  • noun someone who believes the races should be kept apart
    segregator.

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sir_karl_raimund_popper

  • noun British philosopher (born in Austria) who argued that scientific theories can never be proved to be true, but are tested by attempts to falsify them (1902-1994)
    Karl Popper; Popper.

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occam

  • noun English scholastic philosopher and assumed author of Occam's Razor (1285-1349)
    William of Occam; William of Ockham; Ockham.

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deconstructionism

  • noun a philosophical theory of criticism (usually of literature or film) that seeks to expose deep-seated contradictions in a work by delving below its surface meaning
    deconstruction.

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buber

  • noun Israeli religious philosopher (born in Austria); as a Zionist he promoted understanding between Jews and Arabs; his writings affected Christian thinkers as well as Jews (1878-1965)
    Martin Buber.

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wittgenstein

  • noun British philosopher born in Austria; a major influence on logic and logical positivism (1889-1951)
    Ludwig Wittgenstein; Ludwig Josef Johan Wittgenstein.

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political_theory

  • noun an orientation that characterizes the thinking of a group or nation
    ideology; political orientation.

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dogma

  • noun a religious doctrine that is proclaimed as true without proof
    tenet.
  • noun a doctrine or code of beliefs accepted as authoritative
    • he believed all the Marxist dogma

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millenarism

  • noun belief in the Christian doctrine of the millennium mentioned in the Book of Revelations
    chiliasm; millenarianism; millenniumism.

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hegel

  • noun German philosopher whose three stage process of dialectical reasoning was adopted by Karl Marx (1770-1831)
    Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel.

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kierkegaard

  • noun Danish philosopher who is generally considered. along with Nietzsche, to be a founder of existentialism (1813-1855)
    Soren Kierkegaard; Soren Aabye Kierkegaard.

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soren_kierkegaard

  • noun Danish philosopher who is generally considered. along with Nietzsche, to be a founder of existentialism (1813-1855)
    Soren Aabye Kierkegaard; Kierkegaard.

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millenary

  • noun the 1000th anniversary (or the celebration of it)
    millennium.
  • noun a span of 1000 years
    millennium.

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parmenides

  • noun a presocratic Greek philosopher born in Italy; held the metaphysical view that being is the basic substance and ultimate reality of which all things are composed; said that motion and change are sensory illusions (5th century BC)

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ibn

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locke

  • noun English empiricist philosopher who believed that all knowledge is derived from sensory experience (1632-1704)
    John Locke.

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science

  • noun a particular branch of scientific knowledge
    scientific discipline.
    • the science of genetics
  • noun ability to produce solutions in some problem domain
    skill.
    • the skill of a well-trained boxer
    • the sweet science of pugilism

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original_sin

  • noun a sin said to be inherited by all descendants of Adam
    • Adam and Eve committed the original sin when they ate the forbidden fruit in the Garden of Eden

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stoicism

  • noun an indifference to pleasure or pain
    stolidness; stolidity.
  • noun (philosophy) the philosophical system of the Stoics following the teachings of the ancient Greek philosopher Zeno

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soren_aabye_kierkegaard

  • noun Danish philosopher who is generally considered. along with Nietzsche, to be a founder of existentialism (1813-1855)
    Soren Kierkegaard; Kierkegaard.

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era

  • noun a period marked by distinctive character or reckoned from a fixed point or event
    epoch.
  • noun a major division of geological time; an era is usually divided into two or more periods
    geological era.

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marcuse

  • noun United States political philosopher (born in Germany) concerned about the dehumanizing effects of capitalism and modern technology (1898-1979)
    Herbert Marcuse.

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girondism

  • noun the doctrine of the Girondists

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baruch_de_spinoza

  • noun Dutch philosopher who espoused a pantheistic system (1632-1677)
    Benedict de Spinoza; de Spinoza; Spinoza.

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manduction

  • noun the act of participating in the celebration of the Eucharist
    Holy Communion; Communion; sacramental manduction.
    • the governor took Communion with the rest of the congregation
  • noun biting and grinding food in your mouth so it becomes soft enough to swallow
    chew; chewing; mastication.

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secularism

  • noun a doctrine that rejects religion and religious considerations

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sense

  • noun a general conscious awareness
    • a sense of security
    • a sense of happiness
    • a sense of danger
    • a sense of self
  • noun the meaning of a word or expression; the way in which a word or expression or situation can be interpreted
    signified.
    • the dictionary gave several senses for the word
    • in the best sense charity is really a duty
    • the signifier is linked to the signified

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topic

  • noun the subject matter of a conversation or discussion
    theme; subject.
    • he didn't want to discuss that subject
    • it was a very sensitive topic
    • his letters were always on the theme of love
  • noun some situation or event that is thought about
    matter; issue; subject.
    • he kept drifting off the topic
    • he had been thinking about the subject for several years
    • it is a matter for the police

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women's_liberationist

  • noun a supporter of feminism
    women's rightist; libber; feminist.

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laissez_faire

  • noun the doctrine that government should not interfere in commercial affairs
    individualism.

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imitation

  • noun the doctrine that representations of nature or human behavior should be accurate imitations
  • noun something copied or derived from an original

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rosicrucianism

  • noun the theological doctrine that venerates the rose and the cross as symbols of Christ's Resurrection and redemption; claims various occult powers

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libertarian

  • noun an advocate of libertarianism
  • noun someone who believes the doctrine of free will

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pluralistic

  • adjective of or relating to the philosophical doctrine of pluralism
    • a pluralistic culture

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social_structure

  • noun the people in a society considered as a system organized by a characteristic pattern of relationships
    social organisation; social organization; social system; structure.
    • the social organization of England and America is very different
    • sociologists have studied the changing structure of the family

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hume

  • noun Scottish philosopher whose sceptical philosophy restricted human knowledge to that which can be perceived by the senses (1711-1776)
    David Hume.

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democracy

  • noun the political orientation of those who favor government by the people or by their elected representatives
  • noun a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them
    commonwealth; republic.

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nihilism

  • noun a revolutionary doctrine that advocates destruction of the social system for its own sake
  • noun the delusion that things (or everything, including the self) do not exist; a sense that everything is unreal
    nihilistic delusion.

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erastianism

  • noun the doctrine that the state is supreme over the church in ecclesiastical matters
    Caesaropapism; Byzantinism.

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globalization

  • noun growth to a global or worldwide scale
    globalisation.
    • the globalization of the communication industry

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couvade

  • noun a custom among some peoples whereby the husband of a pregnant wife is put to bed at the time of bearing the child

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sin

  • noun estrangement from god
    sinfulness; wickedness.
  • noun an act that is regarded by theologians as a transgression of God's will
    sinning.

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pre-socratic

  • noun any philosopher who lived before Socrates
  • adjective before the time of Socrates
    presocratic.

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scholasticism

  • noun the system of philosophy dominant in medieval Europe; based on Aristotle and the Church Fathers
  • noun orthodoxy of a scholastic variety
    academicism; academism.

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product

  • noun commodities offered for sale
    ware; merchandise.
    • good business depends on having good merchandise
    • that store offers a variety of products
  • noun an artifact that has been created by someone or some process
    production.
    • they improve their product every year
    • they export most of their agricultural production

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existential_philosopher

  • noun a philosopher who emphasizes freedom of choice and personal responsibility but who regards human existence in a hostile universe as unexplainable
    existentialist; existentialist philosopher.

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philosophy

  • noun a belief (or system of beliefs) accepted as authoritative by some group or school
    philosophical system; school of thought; ism; doctrine.
  • noun the rational investigation of questions about existence and knowledge and ethics

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georg_wilhelm_friedrich_hegel

  • noun German philosopher whose three stage process of dialectical reasoning was adopted by Karl Marx (1770-1831)
    Hegel.

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reincarnation

  • noun embodiment in a new form (especially the reappearance or a person in another form)
    • his reincarnation as a lion
  • noun a second or new birth
    rebirth; renascence.

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abuse

  • noun cruel or inhumane treatment
    maltreatment; ill-treatment; ill-usage.
    • the child showed signs of physical abuse
  • noun a rude expression intended to offend or hurt
    revilement; vilification; contumely; insult.
    • when a student made a stupid mistake he spared them no abuse
    • they yelled insults at the visiting team

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solipsism

  • noun (philosophy) the philosophical theory that the self is all that you know to exist

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ethnic

  • noun a person who is a member of an ethnic group
  • adjective satellite denoting or deriving from or distinctive of the ways of living built up by a group of people
    cultural; ethnical.
    • influenced by ethnic and cultural ties"- J.F.Kennedy
    • ethnic food

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isidore_auguste_marie_francois_comte

  • noun French philosopher remembered as the founder of positivism; he also established sociology as a systematic field of study
    Auguste Comte; Comte.

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comte

  • noun French philosopher remembered as the founder of positivism; he also established sociology as a systematic field of study
    Auguste Comte; Isidore Auguste Marie Francois Comte.

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lucius_annaeus_seneca

  • noun Roman statesman and philosopher who was an advisor to Nero; his nine extant tragedies are modeled on Greek tragedies (circa 4 BC - 65 AD)
    Seneca.

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nonconformism

  • noun a lack of orthodoxy in thoughts or beliefs
    nonconformity; nonconformance.
  • noun the practice of nonconformity

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passivism

  • noun the doctrine that all violence is unjustifiable
    pacificism; pacifism.

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church_doctrine

  • noun the written body of teachings of a religious group that are generally accepted by that group
    gospel; religious doctrine; creed.

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departure

  • noun the act of departing
    going away; going; leaving.
  • noun a variation that deviates from the standard or norm
    deviation; difference; divergence.
    • the deviation from the mean

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ablution

  • noun the ritual washing of a priest's hands or of sacred vessels

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accelerated

  • adjective satellite speeded up, as of an academic course
    • in an accelerated program in school
  • verb move faster
    speed up; speed; accelerate; quicken.
    • The car accelerated

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americanism

  • noun loyalty to the United States and its institutions
  • noun an expression that is characteristic of English as spoken by Americans

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deconstruction

  • noun a philosophical theory of criticism (usually of literature or film) that seeks to expose deep-seated contradictions in a work by delving below its surface meaning
    deconstructionism.

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confucianism

  • noun the teachings of Confucius emphasizing love for humanity; high value given to learning and to devotion to family (including ancestors); peace; justice; influenced the traditional culture of China

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quine

  • noun United States philosopher and logician who championed an empirical view of knowledge that depended on language (1908-2001)
    Willard Van Orman Quine; W. V. Quine.

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transvestism

  • noun the practice of adopting the clothes or the manner or the sexual role of the opposite sex
    transvestitism; cross dressing.

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peonage

  • noun the condition of a peon
  • noun the practice of making a debtor work for his creditor until the debt is discharged

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kongfuze

  • noun Chinese philosopher whose ideas and sayings were collected after his death and became the basis of a philosophical doctrine known a Confucianism (circa 551-478 BC)
    Confucius; K'ung Futzu; Kong the Master.

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interpretation

  • noun a mental representation of the meaning or significance of something
    reading; version.
  • noun the act of interpreting something as expressed in an artistic performance
    rendition; rendering.
    • her rendition of Milton's verse was extraordinarily moving

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social_science

  • noun the branch of science that studies society and the relationships of individual within a society

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office

  • noun place of business where professional or clerical duties are performed
    business office.
    • he rented an office in the new building
  • noun an administrative unit of government
    agency; authority; bureau; federal agency; government agency.
    • the Central Intelligence Agency
    • the Census Bureau
    • Office of Management and Budget
    • Tennessee Valley Authority

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social_organisation

  • noun the people in a society considered as a system organized by a characteristic pattern of relationships
    social organization; social structure; social system; structure.
    • the social organization of England and America is very different
    • sociologists have studied the changing structure of the family

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empiricist_philosophy

  • noun (philosophy) the doctrine that knowledge derives from experience
    sensationalism; empiricism.

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ernst_cassirer

  • noun German philosopher concerned with concept formation in the human mind and with symbolic forms in human culture generally (1874-1945)
    Cassirer.

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existence

  • noun the state or fact of existing
    being; beingness.
    • a point of view gradually coming into being
    • laws in existence for centuries
  • noun everything that exists anywhere
    universe; creation; macrocosm; world; cosmos.
    • they study the evolution of the universe
    • the biggest tree in existence

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foreordination

  • noun (theology) being determined in advance; especially the doctrine (usually associated with Calvin) that God has foreordained every event throughout eternity (including the final salvation of mankind)
    predetermination; preordination; predestination.

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theanthropism

  • noun (theology) the doctrine that Jesus was a union of the human and the divine
  • noun the representation of objects (especially a god) as having human form or traits
    anthropomorphism.

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animist

  • noun one who accepts the doctrine of animism
  • adjective of or pertaining to the doctrine of animism
    animistic.

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organisation

  • noun the persons (or committees or departments etc.) who make up a body for the purpose of administering something
    governing body; administration; governance; organization; brass; establishment.
    • he claims that the present administration is corrupt
    • the governance of an association is responsible to its members
    • he quickly became recognized as a member of the establishment
  • noun a group of people who work together
    organization.

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a_kempis

  • noun German ecclesiastic (1380-1471)
    Thomas a Kempis.

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methodology

  • noun the branch of philosophy that analyzes the principles and procedures of inquiry in a particular discipline
    methodological analysis.
  • noun the system of methods followed in a particular discipline

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unilateralism

  • noun the doctrine that nations should conduct their foreign affairs individualistically without the advice or involvement of other nations

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late

  • adjective being or occurring at an advanced period of time or after a usual or expected time
    • late evening
    • late 18th century
    • a late movie
    • took a late flight
    • had a late breakfast
  • adjective satellite after the expected or usual time; delayed
    tardy; belated.
    • a belated birthday card
    • I'm late for the plane
    • the train is late
    • tardy children are sent to the principal
    • always tardy in making dental appointments

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environmentalism

  • noun the philosophical doctrine that environment is more important than heredity in determining intellectual growth
  • noun the activity of protecting the environment from pollution or destruction

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arendt

  • noun United States historian and political philosopher (born in Germany) (1906-1975)
    Hannah Arendt.

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haeckel

  • noun German biologist and philosopher; advocated Darwinism and formulated the theory of recapitulation; was an exponent of materialistic monism (1834-1919)
    Ernst Heinrich Haeckel.

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policy

  • noun a plan of action adopted by an individual or social group
    • it was a policy of retribution
    • a politician keeps changing his policies
  • noun a line of argument rationalizing the course of action of a government
    • they debated the policy or impolicy of the proposed legislation

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materialism

  • noun a desire for wealth and material possessions with little interest in ethical or spiritual matters
    philistinism.
  • noun (philosophy) the philosophical theory that matter is the only reality
    physicalism.

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antiestablishmentism

  • noun the doctrine of opposition to the social and political establishment
    antiestablishmentarianism.

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animism

  • noun the doctrine that all natural objects and the universe itself have souls
    • animism is common among primitive peoples

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absolutism

  • noun dominance through threat of punishment and violence
    tyranny; despotism.
  • noun a form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator (not restricted by a constitution or laws or opposition etc.)
    tyranny; dictatorship; monocracy; Stalinism; shogunate; authoritarianism; despotism; one-man rule; Caesarism; totalitarianism.

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episcopalianism

  • noun the theological doctrine of church government by bishops

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nihilist

  • noun someone who rejects all theories of morality or religious belief
  • noun an advocate of anarchism
    syndicalist; anarchist.

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ethicism

  • noun a doctrine that ethics and ethical ideas are valid and important
    • his ethicism often led him to moralize

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ralph_barton_perry

  • noun United States philosopher (1876-1957)
    Perry.

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relativism

  • noun (philosophy) the philosophical doctrine that all criteria of judgment are relative to the individuals and situations involved

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practice

  • noun a customary way of operation or behavior
    pattern.
    • it is their practice to give annual raises
    • they changed their dietary pattern
  • noun systematic training by multiple repetitions
    recitation; practice session; drill; exercise.
    • practice makes perfect

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spengler

  • noun German philosopher who argued that cultures grow and decay in cycles (1880-1936)
    Oswald Spengler.

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john_mill

  • noun English philosopher and economist remembered for his interpretations of empiricism and utilitarianism (1806-1873)
    Mill; John Stuart Mill.

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thales_of_miletus

  • noun a presocratic Greek philosopher and astronomer (who predicted an eclipse in 585 BC) who was said by Aristotle to be the founder of physical science; he held that all things originated in water (624-546 BC)
    Thales.

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equalitarianism

  • noun the doctrine of the equality of mankind and the desirability of political and economic and social equality
    egalitarianism.

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semiotics

  • noun (philosophy) a philosophical theory of the functions of signs and symbols
    semiology.

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decorator

  • noun a person who specializes in designing architectural interiors and their furnishings
    interior decorator; house decorator; designer; interior designer; room decorator.
  • noun someone who decorates
    ornamentalist.

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ethicist

  • noun a philosopher who specializes in ethics
    ethician.

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occult

  • noun supernatural forces and events and beings collectively
    supernatural.
    • She doesn't believe in the supernatural
  • noun supernatural practices and techniques
    occult arts.
    • he is a student of the occult

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ornamentalism

  • noun the practice of ornamental display

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term

  • noun a word or expression used for some particular thing
    • he learned many medical terms
  • noun a limited period of time
    • a prison term
    • he left school before the end of term

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rene_descartes

  • noun French philosopher and mathematician; developed dualistic theory of mind and matter; introduced the use of coordinates to locate a point in two or three dimensions (1596-1650)
    Descartes.

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philosophical_system

  • noun a belief (or system of beliefs) accepted as authoritative by some group or school
    philosophy; school of thought; ism; doctrine.

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fair

  • noun a traveling show; having sideshows and rides and games of skill etc.
    funfair; carnival.
  • noun gathering of producers to promote business
    • world fair
    • trade fair
    • book fair

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realist

  • noun a philosopher who believes that universals are real and exist independently of anyone thinking of them
  • noun a person who accepts the world as it literally is and deals with it accordingly

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marquis_de_condorcet

  • noun French mathematician and philosopher (1743-1794)
    Condorcet; Marie Jean Antoine Nicolas Caritat.

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exploitation

  • noun the act of making some area of land or water more profitable or productive or useful
    development.
    • the development of Alaskan resources
    • the exploitation of copper deposits
  • noun an act that exploits or victimizes someone (treats them unfairly)
    using; victimisation; victimization.
    • capitalistic exploitation of the working class
    • paying Blacks less and charging them more is a form of victimization

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religious_doctrine

  • noun the written body of teachings of a religious group that are generally accepted by that group
    gospel; church doctrine; creed.

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sacramental_manduction

  • noun the act of participating in the celebration of the Eucharist
    manduction; Holy Communion; Communion.
    • the governor took Communion with the rest of the congregation

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anaximenes

  • noun a presocratic Greek philosopher and associate of Anaximander who believed that all things are made of air in different degrees of density (6th century BC)

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hobbes

  • noun English materialist and political philosopher who advocated absolute sovereignty as the only kind of government that could resolve problems caused by the selfishness of human beings (1588-1679)
    Thomas Hobbes.

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truth

  • noun a fact that has been verified
    • at last he knew the truth
    • the truth is that he didn't want to do it
  • noun conformity to reality or actuality
    trueness; the true; verity.
    • they debated the truth of the proposition
    • the situation brought home to us the blunt truth of the military threat
    • he was famous for the truth of his portraits
    • he turned to religion in his search for eternal verities

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george_berkeley

  • noun Irish philosopher and Anglican bishop who opposed the materialism of Thomas Hobbes (1685-1753)
    Bishop Berkeley; Berkeley.

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disregard

  • noun lack of attention and due care
    neglect.
  • noun willful lack of care and attention
    neglect.

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mill

  • noun a plant consisting of one or more buildings with facilities for manufacturing
    factory; manufactory; manufacturing plant.
  • noun Scottish philosopher who expounded Bentham's utilitarianism; father of John Stuart Mill (1773-1836)
    James Mill.

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vexation

  • noun anger produced by some annoying irritation
    chafe; annoyance.
  • noun the psychological state of being irritated or annoyed
    botheration; annoyance; irritation.

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realism

  • noun the attribute of accepting the facts of life and favoring practicality and literal truth
    pragmatism.
  • noun the state of being actual or real
    realness; reality.
    • the reality of his situation slowly dawned on him

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steiner

  • noun Austrian philosopher who founded anthroposophy (1861-1925)
    Rudolf Steiner.

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systematism

  • noun the habitual practice of systematization and classification

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edmund_husserl

  • noun German philosopher who developed phenomenology (1859-1938)
    Husserl.

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pacificism

  • noun the doctrine that all violence is unjustifiable
    passivism; pacifism.
  • noun the belief that all international disputes can be settled by arbitration
    pacifism.

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idea

  • noun the content of cognition; the main thing you are thinking about
    thought.
    • it was not a good idea
    • the thought never entered my mind
  • noun your intention; what you intend to do
    mind.
    • he had in mind to see his old teacher
    • the idea of the game is to capture all the pieces

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pacificist

  • noun someone opposed to violence as a means of settling disputes
    disarmer; pacifist.

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rabindranath_tagore

  • noun Indian writer and philosopher whose poetry (based on traditional Hindu themes) pioneered the use of colloquial Bengali (1861-1941)
    Sir Rabindranath Tagore; Tagore.

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gymnosophist

  • noun member of a Hindu sect practicing gymnosophy (especially nudism)

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irritation

  • noun the psychological state of being irritated or annoyed
    botheration; annoyance; vexation.
  • noun a sudden outburst of anger
    pique; temper.
    • his temper sparked like damp firewood

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john_locke

  • noun English empiricist philosopher who believed that all knowledge is derived from sensory experience (1632-1704)
    Locke.

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byzantinism

  • noun the doctrine that the state is supreme over the church in ecclesiastical matters
    Erastianism; Caesaropapism.

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living

  • noun the experience of being alive; the course of human events and activities
    life.
    • he could no longer cope with the complexities of life
  • noun people who are still living
    • save your pity for the living

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titus_lucretius_carus

  • noun Roman philosopher and poet; in a long didactic poem he tried to provide a scientific explanation of the universe (96-55 BC)
    Lucretius.

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nominalism

  • noun (philosophy) the doctrine that the various objects labeled by the same term have nothing in common but their name

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acknowledgment

  • noun the state or quality of being recognized or acknowledged
    recognition; acknowledgement.
    • the partners were delighted with the recognition of their work
    • she seems to avoid much in the way of recognition or acknowledgement of feminist work prior to her own
  • noun a short note recognizing a source of information or of a quoted passage
    reference; mention; citation; credit; cite; quotation.
    • the student's essay failed to list several important citations
    • the acknowledgments are usually printed at the front of a book
    • the article includes mention of similar clinical cases

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school_of_thought

  • noun a belief (or system of beliefs) accepted as authoritative by some group or school
    philosophical system; philosophy; ism; doctrine.

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caesaropapism

  • noun the doctrine that the state is supreme over the church in ecclesiastical matters
    Erastianism; Byzantinism.

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white_separatism

  • noun a social system in which white people live separately from members of other races

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philosophical_doctrine

  • noun a doctrine accepted by adherents to a philosophy
    philosophical theory.

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research

  • noun systematic investigation to establish facts
  • noun a search for knowledge
    enquiry; inquiry.
    • their pottery deserves more research than it has received

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predetermination

  • noun (theology) being determined in advance; especially the doctrine (usually associated with Calvin) that God has foreordained every event throughout eternity (including the final salvation of mankind)
    foreordination; preordination; predestination.
  • noun a mental determination or resolve in advance; an antecedent intention to do something
    • he entered the argument with a predetermination to prove me wrong

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millennium

  • noun a span of 1000 years
    millenary.
  • noun (New Testament) in Revelations it is foretold that those faithful to Jesus will reign with Jesus over the earth for a thousand years; the meaning of these words have been much debated; some denominations (e.g. Jehovah's Witnesses) expect it to be a thousand years of justice and peace and happiness

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johann_gottfried_von_herder

  • noun German philosopher who advocated intuition over reason (1744-1803)
    Herder.

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plural

  • noun the form of a word that is used to denote more than one
    plural form.
  • adjective composed of more than one member, set, or kind

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architecture

  • noun an architectural product or work
  • noun the discipline dealing with the principles of design and construction and ornamentation of fine buildings
    • architecture and eloquence are mixed arts whose end is sometimes beauty and sometimes use

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ernst_heinrich_haeckel

  • noun German biologist and philosopher; advocated Darwinism and formulated the theory of recapitulation; was an exponent of materialistic monism (1834-1919)
    Haeckel.

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belief

  • noun any cognitive content held as true
  • noun a vague idea in which some confidence is placed
    impression; feeling; opinion; notion.
    • his impression of her was favorable
    • what are your feelings about the crisis?
    • it strengthened my belief in his sincerity
    • I had a feeling that she was lying

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socratic

Of or pertaining to Socrates, the Grecian sage and teacher. (b. c. 469-399), or to his manner of teaching and philosophizing. ✍ The Socratic method of reasoning and instruction was by a series of questions leading the one to whom they were addressed to perceive and admit what was true or false in doctrine, or right or wrong in conduct.

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manichaean

  • noun an adherent of Manichaeism
    Manichee; Manichean.
  • adjective of or relating to the philosophical doctrine of dualism
    dualistic.
    • a Manichaean conflict between good and evil

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existentialism

  • noun (philosophy) a 20th-century philosophical movement chiefly in Europe; assumes that people are entirely free and thus responsible for what they make of themselves
    existential philosophy; existentialist philosophy.

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pacifist

  • noun someone opposed to violence as a means of settling disputes
    pacificist; disarmer.
  • adjective satellite opposed to war
    dovish; pacifistic.

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baron_verulam

  • noun English statesman and philosopher; precursor of British empiricism; advocated inductive reasoning (1561-1626)
    1st Baron Verulam; Sir Francis Bacon; Viscount St. Albans; Bacon; Francis Bacon.

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existentialist

  • noun a philosopher who emphasizes freedom of choice and personal responsibility but who regards human existence in a hostile universe as unexplainable
    existentialist philosopher; existential philosopher.
  • adjective relating to or involving existentialism
    • existentialist movement
    • existentialist philosophy
    • the existentialist character of his ideas

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humanist

  • noun a classical scholar or student of the liberal arts
  • noun an advocate of the principles of humanism; someone concerned with the interests and welfare of humans
    humanitarian.

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unique

  • adjective satellite radically distinctive and without equal
    alone; unequaled; unequalled; unparalleled.
    • he is alone in the field of microbiology
    • this theory is altogether alone in its penetration of the problem
    • Bach was unique in his handling of counterpoint
    • craftsmen whose skill is unequaled
    • unparalleled athletic ability
    • a breakdown of law unparalleled in our history
  • adjective satellite (followed by `to') applying exclusively to a given category or condition or locality
    • a species unique to Australia

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bishop_berkeley

  • noun Irish philosopher and Anglican bishop who opposed the materialism of Thomas Hobbes (1685-1753)
    George Berkeley; Berkeley.

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ritual

  • noun any customary observance or practice
    rite.
  • noun the prescribed procedure for conducting religious ceremonies

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cosmic

  • adjective of or from or pertaining to or characteristic of the cosmos or universe
    • cosmic laws
    • cosmic catastrophe
    • cosmic rays
  • adjective satellite inconceivably extended in space or time

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virgin_birth

  • noun human conception without fertilization by a man
    parthenogeny; parthenogenesis.
  • noun the theological doctrine that Jesus Christ had no human father; Christians believe that Jesus's birth fulfilled Old Testament prophecies and was attended by miracles; the Nativity is celebrated at Christmas
    Nativity.

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systemiser

  • noun an organizer who puts things in order
    systematizer; systemizer; orderer; systematist; systematiser.
    • Aristotle was a great orderer of ideas

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naturalism

  • noun (philosophy) the doctrine that the world can be understood in scientific terms without recourse to spiritual or supernatural explanations
  • noun an artistic movement in 19th century France; artists and writers strove for detailed realistic and factual description
    realism.

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ism

  • noun a belief (or system of beliefs) accepted as authoritative by some group or school
    philosophical system; philosophy; school of thought; doctrine.

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consubstantiation

  • noun the doctrine of the High Anglican Church that after the consecration of the Eucharist the substance of the body and blood of Christ coexists with the substance of the consecrated bread and wine

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testament

  • noun a profession of belief
    • he stated his political testament
  • noun a legal document declaring a person's wishes regarding the disposal of their property when they die
    will.

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existential

  • adjective satellite derived from experience or the experience of existence
    experiential.
    • the rich experiential content of the teachings of the older philosophers"- Benjamin Farrington
    • formal logicians are not concerned with existential matters"- John Dewey
  • adjective of or as conceived by existentialism
    • an existential moment of choice

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promotion

  • noun a message issued in behalf of some product or cause or idea or person or institution
    promotional material; packaging; publicity.
    • the packaging of new ideas
  • noun act of raising in rank or position

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symbolization

  • noun the use of symbols to convey meaning
    symbolisation.
  • noun something visible that by association or convention represents something else that is invisible
    symbol; symbolic representation; symbolisation.
    • the eagle is a symbol of the United States

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neglect

  • noun lack of attention and due care
    disregard.
  • noun the state of something that has been unused and neglected
    disuse.
    • the house was in a terrible state of neglect

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zurvanism

  • noun a Zoroastrian sect that claims Zurvan was the ultimate source of the universe
  • noun a heretical Zoroastrian doctrine holding that Zurvan was the ultimate source of the universe and that both Ahura Mazda and Ahriman were Zurvan's offspring

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industrial

  • adjective of or relating to or resulting from industry
    • industrial output
  • adjective having highly developed industries
    • the industrial revolution
    • an industrial nation

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william_of_ockham

  • noun English scholastic philosopher and assumed author of Occam's Razor (1285-1349)
    William of Occam; Ockham; Occam.

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ockham

  • noun English scholastic philosopher and assumed author of Occam's Razor (1285-1349)
    William of Occam; William of Ockham; Occam.

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one

  • noun the smallest whole number or a numeral representing this number
    ace; I; unity; 1; single.
    • he has the one but will need a two and three to go with it
    • they had lunch at one
  • noun a single person or thing
    • he is the best one
    • this is the one I ordered

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philosophical

  • adjective of or relating to philosophy or philosophers
    philosophic.
    • philosophical writing
    • a considerable knowledge of philosophical terminology
  • adjective satellite characterized by the attitude of a philosopher; meeting trouble with level-headed detachment
    philosophic.
    • philosophical resignation
    • a philosophic attitude toward life

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plurality

  • noun the state of being plural
    • to mark plurality, one language may add an extra syllable to the word whereas another may simply change the vowel in the existing final syllable
  • noun a large indefinite number
    battalion; pack; multitude; large number.
    • a battalion of ants
    • a multitude of TV antennas
    • a plurality of religions

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arianism

  • noun heretical doctrine taught by Arius that asserted the radical primacy of the Father over the Son

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interchange

  • noun a junction of highways on different levels that permits traffic to move from one to another without crossing traffic streams
  • noun mutual interaction; the activity of reciprocating or exchanging (especially information)
    reciprocation; give-and-take.

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philosophical_theory

  • noun a doctrine accepted by adherents to a philosophy
    philosophical doctrine.

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law

  • noun the collection of rules imposed by authority
    jurisprudence.
    • civilization presupposes respect for the law
    • the great problem for jurisprudence to allow freedom while enforcing order
  • noun legal document setting forth rules governing a particular kind of activity
    • there is a law against kidnapping

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pythagoras

  • noun Greek philosopher and mathematician who proved the Pythagorean theorem; considered to be the first true mathematician (circa 580-500 BC)

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socratic

  • adjective of or relating to Socrates or to his method of teaching
    • Socratic teaching

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irridentist

  • noun an advocate of irredentism
    irredentist.

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depravity

  • noun moral perversion; impairment of virtue and moral principles
    putrefaction; depravation; corruption; degeneracy.
    • the luxury and corruption among the upper classes
    • moral degeneracy followed intellectual degeneration
    • its brothels, its opium parlors, its depravity
    • Rome had fallen into moral putrefaction
  • noun a corrupt or depraved or degenerate act or practice
    turpitude.
    • the various turpitudes of modern society

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system

  • noun instrumentality that combines interrelated interacting artifacts designed to work as a coherent entity
    • he bought a new stereo system
    • the system consists of a motor and a small computer
  • noun a group of independent but interrelated elements comprising a unified whole
    scheme.
    • a vast system of production and distribution and consumption keep the country going

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least

  • noun something that is of no importance
    • it is the least I can do
    • that is the least of my concerns
  • adjective the superlative of `little' that can be used with mass nouns and is usually preceded by `the'; a quantifier meaning smallest in amount or extent or degree
    • didn't care the least bit
    • he has the least talent of anyone

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modernism

  • noun genre of art and literature that makes a self-conscious break with previous genres
  • noun the quality of being current or of the present
    contemporaneity; modernity; contemporaneousness; modernness.
    • a shopping mall would instill a spirit of modernity into this village

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irridentism

  • noun the doctrine that irredenta should be controlled by the country to which they are ethnically or historically related
    irredentism.

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clinical

  • adjective relating to a clinic or conducted in or as if in a clinic and depending on direct observation of patients
    • clinical observation
    • clinical case study
  • adjective satellite scientifically detached; unemotional
    • he spoke in the clipped clinical monotones typical of police testimony

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john_dewey

  • noun United States pragmatic philosopher who advocated progressive education (1859-1952)
    Dewey.

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bertrand_arthur_william_russell

  • noun English philosopher and mathematician who collaborated with Whitehead (1872-1970)
    Earl Russell; Bertrand Russell; Russell.

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earl_russell

  • noun English philosopher and mathematician who collaborated with Whitehead (1872-1970)
    Bertrand Russell; Russell; Bertrand Arthur William Russell.

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phenomenology

  • noun a philosophical doctrine proposed by Edmund Husserl based on the study of human experience in which considerations of objective reality are not taken into account

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explanation

  • noun a statement that makes something comprehensible by describing the relevant structure or operation or circumstances etc.
    account.
    • the explanation was very simple
    • I expected a brief account
  • noun thought that makes something comprehensible

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establishmentarianism

  • noun the doctrine of supporting the social or political establishment
    establishmentism.

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de_jure_segregation

  • noun segregation that is imposed by law

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transubstantiation

  • noun the Roman Catholic doctrine that the whole substance of the bread and the wine changes into the substance of the body and blood of Christ when consecrated in the Eucharist
  • noun an act that changes the form or character or substance of something
    transmutation.

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social_reformer

  • noun a disputant who advocates reform
    reformer; meliorist; reformist; crusader.

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secular_humanism

  • noun the doctrine emphasizing a person's capacity for self-realization through reason; rejects religion and the supernatural
    humanism.

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preordination

  • noun (theology) being determined in advance; especially the doctrine (usually associated with Calvin) that God has foreordained every event throughout eternity (including the final salvation of mankind)
    predetermination; foreordination; predestination.

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sex

  • noun activities associated with sexual intercourse
    sexual activity; sex activity; sexual practice.
    • they had sex in the back seat
  • noun either of the two categories (male or female) into which most organisms are divided
    • the war between the sexes

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white

  • noun the quality or state of the achromatic color of greatest lightness (bearing the least resemblance to black)
    whiteness.
  • noun a member of the Caucasoid race
    White person; Caucasian.

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maimonides

  • noun Spanish philosopher considered the greatest Jewish scholar of the Middle Ages who codified Jewish law in the Talmud (1135-1204)
    Moses Maimonides; Rabbi Moses Ben Maimon.

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ludwig_josef_johan_wittgenstein

  • noun British philosopher born in Austria; a major influence on logic and logical positivism (1889-1951)
    Ludwig Wittgenstein; Wittgenstein.

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mitzvah

  • noun (Judaism) a precept or commandment of the Jewish law
    mitsvah.
  • noun (Judaism) a good deed performed out of religious duty
    mitsvah.

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bentham

  • noun English philosopher and jurist; founder of utilitarianism (1748-1831)
    Jeremy Bentham.

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cite

  • noun a short note recognizing a source of information or of a quoted passage
    acknowledgment; reference; mention; citation; credit; quotation.
    • the student's essay failed to list several important citations
    • the acknowledgments are usually printed at the front of a book
    • the article includes mention of similar clinical cases
  • verb make reference to
    name; bring up; advert; mention; refer.
    • His name was mentioned in connection with the invention

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bertrand_russell

  • noun English philosopher and mathematician who collaborated with Whitehead (1872-1970)
    Earl Russell; Russell; Bertrand Arthur William Russell.

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contextualism

  • noun any doctrine emphasizing the importance of the context in solving problems or establishing the meaning of terms

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aesthetic

  • noun (philosophy) a philosophical theory as to what is beautiful
    esthetic.
    • he despised the esthetic of minimalism
  • adjective relating to or dealing with the subject of aesthetics
    esthetic.
    • aesthetic values

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ludwig_wittgenstein

  • noun British philosopher born in Austria; a major influence on logic and logical positivism (1889-1951)
    Wittgenstein; Ludwig Josef Johan Wittgenstein.

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divine_right

  • noun the doctrine that kings derive their right to rule directly from God and are not accountable to their subjects; rebellion is the worst of political crimes
    divine right of kings.
    • the doctrine of the divine right of kings was enunciated by the Stuarts in Britain in the 16th century

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theophrastus

  • noun Greek philosopher who was a student of Aristotle and who succeeded Aristotle as the leader of the Peripatetics (371-287 BC)

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pre

Sorry, we do not have the definition for this word.

fashion

  • noun how something is done or how it happens
    style; manner; way; mode.
    • her dignified manner
    • his rapid manner of talking
    • their nomadic mode of existence
    • in the characteristic New York style
    • a lonely way of life
    • in an abrasive fashion
  • noun characteristic or habitual practice

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synergism

  • noun the working together of two things (muscles or drugs for example) to produce an effect greater than the sum of their individual effects
    synergy.
  • noun the theological doctrine that salvation results from the interaction of human will and divine grace

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diogenes

  • noun an ancient Greek philosopher and Cynic who rejected social conventions (circa 400-325 BC)

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francis_bacon

  • noun English statesman and philosopher; precursor of British empiricism; advocated inductive reasoning (1561-1626)
    1st Baron Verulam; Sir Francis Bacon; Baron Verulam; Viscount St. Albans; Bacon.

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millenarianism

  • noun belief in the Christian doctrine of the millennium mentioned in the Book of Revelations
    chiliasm; millenarism; millenniumism.

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modern

  • noun a contemporary person
  • noun a typeface (based on an 18th century design by Gianbattista Bodoni) distinguished by regular shape and hairline serifs and heavy downstrokes
    Bodoni font; modern font; Bodoni.

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untold

  • adjective satellite of an incalculable amount
    • untold suffering

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william_of_occam

  • noun English scholastic philosopher and assumed author of Occam's Razor (1285-1349)
    William of Ockham; Ockham; Occam.

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divine_right_of_kings

  • noun the doctrine that kings derive their right to rule directly from God and are not accountable to their subjects; rebellion is the worst of political crimes
    divine right.
    • the doctrine of the divine right of kings was enunciated by the Stuarts in Britain in the 16th century

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solemnisation

  • noun the public performance of a sacrament or solemn ceremony with all appropriate ritual
    solemnization; celebration.
    • the celebration of marriage

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marcionism

  • noun the Christian heresy of the 2nd and 3rd centuries that rejected the Old Testament and denied the incarnation of God in Jesus as a human

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quakerism

  • noun the theological doctrine of the Society of Friends characterized by opposition to war and rejection of ritual and a formal creed and an ordained ministry

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calisthenics

  • noun the practice of calisthenic exercises
    callisthenics.
    • calisthenics is recommended for general good health
  • noun light exercises designed to promote general fitness
    callisthenics.
    • several different calisthenics were illustrated in the video

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thought

  • noun the content of cognition; the main thing you are thinking about
    idea.
    • it was not a good idea
    • the thought never entered my mind
  • noun the process of using your mind to consider something carefully
    cerebration; thinking; mentation; intellection; thought process.
    • thinking always made him frown
    • she paused for thought

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practical_application

  • noun the act of bringing something to bear; using it for a particular purpose
    application.
    • he advocated the application of statistics to the problem
    • a novel application of electronics to medical diagnosis

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path_of_least_resistance

  • noun the easiest way
    line of least resistance.
    • In marrying him she simply took the path of least resistance

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foreigner

  • noun a person who comes from a foreign country; someone who does not owe allegiance to your country
    alien; noncitizen; outlander.
  • noun someone who is excluded from or is not a member of a group
    outsider.

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sophist

  • noun any of a group of Greek philosophers and teachers in the 5th century BC who speculated on a wide range of subjects
  • noun someone whose reasoning is subtle and often specious
    casuist.

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mechanism

  • noun the atomic process that occurs during a chemical reaction
    chemical mechanism.
    • he determined unique mechanisms for the photochemical reactions
  • noun the technical aspects of doing something
    mechanics.
    • a mechanism of social control
    • mechanisms of communication
    • the mechanics of prose style

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democritus

  • noun Greek philosopher who developed an atomistic theory of matter (460-370 BC)

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majority

  • noun the property resulting from being or relating to the greater in number of two parts; the main part
    bulk.
    • the majority of his customers prefer it
    • the bulk of the work is finished
  • noun (elections) more than half of the votes
    absolute majority.

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expansionism

  • noun the doctrine of expanding the territory or the economic influence of a country

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mechanist

  • noun a philosopher who subscribes to the doctrine of mechanism

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total_depravity

  • noun the Calvinist doctrine that everyone is born in a state of corruption as a result of original sin

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creation_science

  • noun an effort to give scientific support for the truth of the account of Creation given in the Book of Genesis

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dewey

  • noun United States librarian who founded the decimal system of classification (1851-1931)
    Melvil Dewey; Melville Louis Kossuth Dewey.
  • noun a United States naval officer remembered for his victory at Manila Bay in the Spanish-American War
    Admiral Dewey; George Dewey.

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approach_pattern

  • noun the path that is prescribed for an airplane that is preparing to land at an airport
    pattern; traffic pattern.
    • the traffic patterns around O'Hare are very crowded
    • they stayed in the pattern until the fog lifted

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george_herbert_mead

  • noun United States philosopher of pragmatism (1863-1931)
    Mead.

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multiple

  • noun the product of a quantity by an integer
    • 36 is a multiple of 9
  • adjective having or involving or consisting of more than one part or entity or individual
    • multiple birth
    • multiple ownership
    • made multiple copies of the speech
    • his multiple achievements in public life
    • her multiple personalities
    • a pineapple is a multiple fruit

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centre

  • noun an area that is approximately central within some larger region
    heart; middle; eye; center.
    • it is in the center of town
    • they ran forward into the heart of the struggle
    • they were in the eye of the storm
  • noun a low-lying region in central France

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quote

  • noun a punctuation mark used to attribute the enclosed text to someone else
    quotation mark; inverted comma.
  • noun a passage or expression that is quoted or cited
    citation; quotation.

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disarmer

  • noun someone opposed to violence as a means of settling disputes
    pacificist; pacifist.

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ritualism

  • noun the study of religious or magical rites and ceremonies
  • noun exaggerated emphasis on the importance of rites or ritualistic forms in worship

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thomism

  • noun the comprehensive theological doctrine created by Saint Thomas Aquinas in the 13th century and still taught by the Dominicans

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antinomianism

  • noun the theological doctrine that by faith and God's grace a Christian is freed from all laws (including the moral standards of the culture)

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ill-treatment

  • noun cruel or inhumane treatment
    maltreatment; abuse; ill-usage.
    • the child showed signs of physical abuse

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mead

  • noun United States anthropologist noted for her claims about adolescence and sexual behavior in Polynesian cultures (1901-1978)
    Margaret Mead.
  • noun United States philosopher of pragmatism (1863-1931)
    George Herbert Mead.

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sensualism

  • noun desire for sensual pleasures
    sensuality; sensualness.
  • noun (philosophy) the ethical doctrine that feeling is the only criterion for what is good
    sensationalism.

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raymond_lully

  • noun Spanish philosopher (1235-1315)
    Ramon Lully; Lully.

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class

  • noun a collection of things sharing a common attribute
    category; family.
    • there are two classes of detergents
  • noun a body of students who are taught together
    grade; course; form.
    • early morning classes are always sleepy

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cynic

  • noun someone who is critical of the motives of others
    faultfinder.
  • noun a member of a group of ancient Greek philosophers who advocated the doctrine that virtue is the only good and that the essence of virtue is self-control

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sir_rabindranath_tagore

  • noun Indian writer and philosopher whose poetry (based on traditional Hindu themes) pioneered the use of colloquial Bengali (1861-1941)
    Rabindranath Tagore; Tagore.

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schweitzer

  • noun French philosopher and physician and organist who spent most of his life as a medical missionary in Gabon (1875-1965)
    Albert Schweitzer.

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descartes

  • noun French philosopher and mathematician; developed dualistic theory of mind and matter; introduced the use of coordinates to locate a point in two or three dimensions (1596-1650)
    Rene Descartes.

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gottfried_wilhelm_leibniz

  • noun German philosopher and mathematician who thought of the universe as consisting of independent monads and who devised a system of the calculus independent of Newton (1646-1716)
    Leibniz; Leibnitz; Gottfried Wilhelm Leibnitz.

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humanitarian

  • noun someone devoted to the promotion of human welfare and to social reforms
    improver; do-gooder.
  • noun an advocate of the principles of humanism; someone concerned with the interests and welfare of humans
    humanist.

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johann_friedrich_herbart

  • noun German philosopher (1776-1841)
    Herbart.

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artistic

  • adjective relating to or characteristic of art or artists
    • his artistic background
  • adjective satellite satisfying aesthetic standards and sensibilities
    • artistic workmanship

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pattern

  • noun a perceptual structure
    shape; form.
    • the composition presents problems for students of musical form
    • a visual pattern must include not only objects but the spaces between them
  • noun a customary way of operation or behavior
    practice.
    • it is their practice to give annual raises
    • they changed their dietary pattern

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jeremy_bentham

  • noun English philosopher and jurist; founder of utilitarianism (1748-1831)
    Bentham.

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phenomenon

  • noun any state or process known through the senses rather than by intuition or reasoning
  • noun a remarkable development

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jurisdiction

  • noun (law) the right and power to interpret and apply the law
    legal power.
    • courts having jurisdiction in this district
  • noun in law; the territory within which power can be exercised

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nestorianism

  • noun the theological doctrine (named after Nestorius) that Christ is both the son of God and the man Jesus (which is opposed to Roman Catholic doctrine that Christ is fully God)

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tenet

  • noun a religious doctrine that is proclaimed as true without proof
    dogma.

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relation

  • noun an abstraction belonging to or characteristic of two entities or parts together
  • noun the act of sexual procreation between a man and a woman; the man's penis is inserted into the woman's vagina and excited until orgasm and ejaculation occur
    congress; intercourse; sexual intercourse; sex act; sexual relation; carnal knowledge; sexual congress; copulation; coitus; coition.

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pardoner

  • noun a person who pardons or forgives or excuses a fault or offense
    excuser; forgiver.
  • noun a medieval cleric who raised money for the church by selling papal indulgences

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earth

  • noun the 3rd planet from the sun; the planet we live on
    globe; world.
    • the Earth moves around the sun
    • he sailed around the world
  • noun the loose soft material that makes up a large part of the land surface
    ground.
    • they dug into the earth outside the church

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matriarchate

  • noun a form of social organization in which a female is the family head and title is traced through the female line
    matriarchy.

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neoplatonism

  • noun a system of philosophical and theological doctrines composed of elements of Platonism and Aristotelianism and oriental mysticism; its most distinctive doctrine holds that the first principle and source of reality transcends being and thought and is naturally unknowable
    • Neoplatonism was predominant in pagan Europe until the 6th century
    • Neoplatonism was a major influence on early Christian writers and on later medieval and Renaissance thought and on Islamic philosophy

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cleanthes

  • noun ancient Greek philosopher who succeeded Zeno of Citium as the leader of the Stoic school (300-232 BC)

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boehmenism

  • noun the mystical theological doctrine of Jakob Boehme that influenced the Quakers
    Behmenism.

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commandment

  • noun something that is commanded
  • noun a doctrine that is taught
    precept; teaching.
    • the teachings of religion
    • he believed all the Christian precepts

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martin_buber

  • noun Israeli religious philosopher (born in Austria); as a Zionist he promoted understanding between Jews and Arabs; his writings affected Christian thinkers as well as Jews (1878-1965)
    Buber.

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epicurus

  • noun Greek philosopher who believed that the world is a random combination of atoms and that pleasure is the highest good (341-270 BC)

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necessitarian

  • noun someone who does not believe the doctrine of free will

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behmenism

  • noun the mystical theological doctrine of Jakob Boehme that influenced the Quakers
    Boehmenism.

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moralist

  • noun a philosopher who specializes in morals and moral problems
  • noun someone who demands exact conformity to rules and forms
    disciplinarian; martinet.

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get

  • noun a return on a shot that seemed impossible to reach and would normally have resulted in a point for the opponent
  • verb come into the possession of something concrete or abstract
    acquire.
    • She got a lot of paintings from her uncle
    • They acquired a new pet
    • Get your results the next day
    • Get permission to take a few days off from work

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secular

  • noun someone who is not a clergyman or a professional person
    layperson; layman.
  • adjective of or relating to the doctrine that rejects religion and religious considerations

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de

  • noun a Mid-Atlantic state; one of the original 13 colonies
    Diamond State; Delaware; First State.

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james_mill

  • noun Scottish philosopher who expounded Bentham's utilitarianism; father of John Stuart Mill (1773-1836)
    Mill.

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immanuel_kant

  • noun influential German idealist philosopher (1724-1804)
    Kant.

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ordainer

  • noun a cleric who ordains; a cleric who admits someone to holy orders

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consuetude

  • noun a custom or usage that has acquired the force of law

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zeno_of_citium

  • noun ancient Greek philosopher who founded the Stoic school (circa 335-263 BC)
    Zeno.

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karl_marx

  • noun founder of modern communism; wrote the Communist Manifesto with Engels in 1848; wrote Das Kapital in 1867 (1818-1883)
    Marx.

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theological_doctrine

  • noun the doctrine of a religious group

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segregate

  • noun someone who is or has been segregated
  • verb separate by race or religion; practice a policy of racial segregation
    • This neighborhood is segregated
    • We don't segregate in this county

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moore

  • noun United States composer of works noted for their use of the American vernacular (1893-1969)
    Douglas Moore.
  • noun English actor and comedian who appeared on television and in films (born in 1935)
    Dudley Stuart John Moore; Dudley Moore.

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esthetician

  • noun a worker skilled in giving beauty treatments (manicures and facials etc.)
    aesthetician.
  • noun a philosopher who specializes in the nature of beauty
    aesthetician.

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daoism

  • noun philosophical system developed by Lao-tzu and Chuang-tzu advocating a simple honest life and noninterference with the course of natural events
    Taoism.

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humanism

  • noun the doctrine that people's duty is to promote human welfare
    humanitarianism.
  • noun the doctrine emphasizing a person's capacity for self-realization through reason; rejects religion and the supernatural
    secular humanism.

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simone_weil

  • noun French philosopher (1909-1943)
    Weil.

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pacifism

  • noun the doctrine that all violence is unjustifiable
    pacificism; passivism.
  • noun the belief that all international disputes can be settled by arbitration
    pacificism.

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ecumenicism

  • noun (Christianity) the doctrine of the ecumenical movement that promotes cooperation and better understanding among different religious denominations: aimed at universal Christian unity
    ecumenicalism; ecumenism.

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st._bruno

  • noun (Roman Catholic Church) a French cleric (born in Germany) who founded the Carthusian order in 1084 (1032-1101)
    Saint Bruno; Bruno.

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peripateticism

  • noun (philosophy) the philosophy of Aristotle that deals with logic and metaphysics and ethics and poetics and politics and natural science
    Aristotelianism.
    • Aristotelianism profoundly influenced Western thought

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malebranche

  • noun French philosopher (1638-1715)
    Nicolas de Malebranche.

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feudalism

  • noun the social system that developed in Europe in the 8th century; vassals were protected by lords who they had to serve in war
    feudal system.

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g._e._moore

  • noun English philosopher (1873-1958)
    George Edward Moore; Moore.

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immaculate_conception_of_the_virgin_mary

  • noun (Christianity) the Roman Catholic dogma that God preserved the Virgin Mary from any stain of original sin from the moment she was conceived
    Immaculate Conception.

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gospel

  • noun an unquestionable truth
    gospel truth.
    • his word was gospel
  • noun the four books in the New Testament (Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John) that tell the story of Christ's life and teachings
    Gospels; evangel.

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descriptivism

  • noun (ethics) a doctrine holding that moral statements have a truth value
  • noun (linguistics) a doctrine supporting or promoting descriptive linguistics

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teilhard_de_chardin

  • noun French paleontologist and philosopher (1881-1955)
    Pierre Teilhard de Chardin.

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taxonomist

  • noun a biologist who specializes in the classification of organisms into groups on the basis of their structure and origin and behavior
    systematist; taxonomer.

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dugald_stewart

  • noun Scottish philosopher and follower of Thomas Reid (1753-1828)
    Stewart.

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whitehead

  • noun English philosopher and mathematician who collaborated with Bertrand Russell (1861-1947)
    Alfred North Whitehead.
  • noun a small whitish lump in the skin due to a clogged sebaceous gland
    milium.

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segregator

  • noun someone who believes the races should be kept apart
    segregationist.

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set

  • noun a group of things of the same kind that belong together and are so used
    • a set of books
    • a set of golf clubs
    • a set of teeth
  • noun (mathematics) an abstract collection of numbers or symbols
    • the set of prime numbers is infinite

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art

  • noun the products of human creativity; works of art collectively
    fine art.
    • an art exhibition
    • a fine collection of art
  • noun the creation of beautiful or significant things
    artistic creation; artistic production.
    • art does not need to be innovative to be good
    • I was never any good at art
    • he said that architecture is the art of wasting space beautifully

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habit

  • noun an established custom
    wont.
    • it was their habit to dine at 7 every evening
  • noun (psychology) an automatic pattern of behavior in reaction to a specific situation; may be inherited or acquired through frequent repetition
    use.
    • owls have nocturnal habits
    • she had a habit twirling the ends of her hair
    • long use had hardened him to it

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alfred_north_whitehead

  • noun English philosopher and mathematician who collaborated with Bertrand Russell (1861-1947)
    Whitehead.

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occult_arts

  • noun supernatural practices and techniques
    occult.
    • he is a student of the occult

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credo

  • noun any system of principles or beliefs
    creed.

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anaxagoras

  • noun a presocratic Athenian philosopher who maintained that everything is composed of very small particles that were arranged by some eternal intelligence (500-428 BC)

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culture

  • noun a particular society at a particular time and place
    civilization; civilisation.
    • early Mayan civilization
  • noun the tastes in art and manners that are favored by a social group

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churchman

  • noun a clergyman or other person in religious orders
    cleric; divine; ecclesiastic.

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presentism

  • noun the doctrine that the Scripture prophecies of the Apocalypse (as in the Book of Revelations) are presently in the course of being fulfilled

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symboliser

  • noun someone skilled in the interpretation or representation of symbols
    symbolist; symbolizer.

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ortega_y_gasset

  • noun Spanish philosopher who advocated leadership by an intellectual elite (1883-1955)
    Jose Ortega y Gasset.

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progressive

  • noun a tense of verbs used in describing action that is on-going
    progressive tense; imperfect; imperfect tense; continuous tense.
  • noun a person who favors a political philosophy of progress and reform and the protection of civil liberties
    liberal; liberalist.

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de_facto_segregation

  • noun segregation (especially in schools) that happens in fact although not required by law

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creationism

  • noun the literal belief in the account of Creation given in the Book of Genesis
    • creationism denies the theory of evolution of species

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internationalist

  • noun an advocate of internationalism
  • noun a member of a socialist or communist international

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ahimsa

  • noun a Buddhist and Hindu and especially Jainist doctrine holding that all forms of life are sacred and urging the avoidance of violence

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nuclear

  • adjective (weapons) deriving destructive energy from the release of atomic energy
    atomic.
    • nuclear war
    • nuclear weapons
    • atomic bombs
  • adjective of or relating to or constituting the nucleus of an atom
    • nuclear physics
    • nuclear fission
    • nuclear forces

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use

  • noun the act of using
    utilization; utilisation; usage; employment; exercise.
    • he warned against the use of narcotic drugs
    • skilled in the utilization of computers
  • noun what something is used for
    function; role; purpose.
    • the function of an auger is to bore holes
    • ballet is beautiful but what use is it?

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pascal

  • noun a unit of pressure equal to one newton per square meter
    Pa.
  • noun French mathematician and philosopher and Jansenist; invented an adding machine; contributed (with Fermat) to the theory of probability (1623-1662)
    Blaise Pascal.

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niccolo_machiavelli

  • noun a statesman of Florence who advocated a strong central government (1469-1527)
    Machiavelli.

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pierre_abelard

  • noun French philosopher and theologian; lover of Heloise (1079-1142)
    Abelard; Peter Abelard.

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cooperation

  • noun joint operation or action
    • their cooperation with us was essential for the success of our mission
  • noun the practice of cooperating
    • economic cooperation
    • they agreed on a policy of cooperation

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internationalism

  • noun the doctrine that nations should cooperate because their common interests are more important than their differences
  • noun quality of being international in scope
    internationality.
    • he applauded the internationality of scientific terminology

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rite

  • noun an established ceremony prescribed by a religion
    religious rite.
    • the rite of baptism
  • noun any customary observance or practice
    ritual.

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approach

  • noun ideas or actions intended to deal with a problem or situation
    plan of attack; attack.
    • his approach to every problem is to draw up a list of pros and cons
    • an attack on inflation
    • his plan of attack was misguided
  • noun the act of drawing spatially closer to something
    coming; approaching.
    • the hunter's approach scattered the geese

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get_together

  • noun a small informal social gathering
    meeting.
    • there was an informal meeting in my living room
  • verb get people together
    assemble; gather.
    • assemble your colleagues
    • get together all those who are interested in the project
    • gather the close family members

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wide

  • adjective having great (or a certain) extent from one side to the other
    broad.
    • wide roads
    • a wide necktie
    • wide margins
    • three feet wide
    • a river two miles broad
    • broad shoulders
    • a broad river
  • adjective satellite broad in scope or content
    across-the-board; broad; blanket; all-encompassing; encompassing; all-inclusive; all-embracing; extensive; panoptic.
    • across-the-board pay increases
    • an all-embracing definition
    • blanket sanctions against human-rights violators
    • an invention with broad applications
    • a panoptic study of Soviet nationality"- T.G.Winner
    • granted him wide powers

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cassirer

  • noun German philosopher concerned with concept formation in the human mind and with symbolic forms in human culture generally (1874-1945)
    Ernst Cassirer.

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usance

  • noun the period of time permitted by commercial usage for the payment of a bill of exchange (especially a foreign bill of exchange)
  • noun (economics) the utilization of economic goods to satisfy needs or in manufacturing
    use of goods and services; use; economic consumption; consumption.
    • the consumption of energy has increased steadily

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right

  • noun an abstract idea of that which is due to a person or governmental body by law or tradition or nature; it is something that nobody can take away"
    • they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights
    • Certain rights can never be granted to the government but must be kept in the hands of the people"- Eleanor Roosevelt
    • a right is not something that somebody gives you
  • noun location near or direction toward the right side; i.e. the side to the south when a person or object faces east
    • he stood on the right

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nature

  • noun the essential qualities or characteristics by which something is recognized
    • it is the nature of fire to burn
    • the true nature of jealousy
  • noun a causal agent creating and controlling things in the universe
    • the laws of nature
    • nature has seen to it that men are stronger than women

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thales

  • noun a presocratic Greek philosopher and astronomer (who predicted an eclipse in 585 BC) who was said by Aristotle to be the founder of physical science; he held that all things originated in water (624-546 BC)
    Thales of Miletus.

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stakeholder

  • noun someone entrusted to hold the stakes for two or more persons betting against one another; must deliver the stakes to the winner

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athanasianism

  • noun the theological doctrine taught by Athanasius that Christ the Son is of the same substance as God the Father

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secularist

  • noun an advocate of secularism; someone who believes that religion should be excluded from government and education

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plotinus

  • noun Roman philosopher (born in Egypt) who was the leading representative of Neoplatonism (205-270)

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gymnosophy

  • noun the doctrine of a sect of Hindu philosophers who practiced nudity and asceticism and meditation

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dualism

  • noun the doctrine that reality consists of two basic opposing elements, often taken to be mind and matter (or mind and body), or good and evil

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total

  • noun the whole amount
    aggregate; sum; totality.
  • noun a quantity obtained by the addition of a group of numbers
    sum; amount.

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david_hume

  • noun Scottish philosopher whose sceptical philosophy restricted human knowledge to that which can be perceived by the senses (1711-1776)
    Hume.

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upmanship

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whig

  • noun a member of the political party that urged social reform in 18th and 19th century England; was the opposition party to the Tories
  • noun a supporter of the American Revolution

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ill

  • noun an often persistent bodily disorder or disease; a cause for complaining
    complaint; ailment.
  • adjective affected by an impairment of normal physical or mental function
    sick.
    • ill from the monotony of his suffering

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animalism

  • noun the doctrine that human beings are purely animal in nature and lacking a spiritual nature
  • noun preoccupation with satisfaction of physical drives and appetites
    physicality.

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movement

  • noun a change of position that does not entail a change of location
    motion; move; motility.
    • the reflex motion of his eyebrows revealed his surprise
    • movement is a sign of life
    • an impatient move of his hand
    • gastrointestinal motility
  • noun the act of changing location from one place to another
    motion; move.
    • police controlled the motion of the crowd
    • the movement of people from the farms to the cities
    • his move put him directly in my path

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asceticism

  • noun the doctrine that through renunciation of worldly pleasures it is possible to achieve a high spiritual or intellectual state
  • noun the trait of great self-denial (especially refraining from worldly pleasures)
    nonindulgence; austerity.

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kant

  • noun influential German idealist philosopher (1724-1804)
    Immanuel Kant.

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bergson

  • noun French philosopher who proposed elan vital as the cause of evolution and development (1859-1941)
    Henri Bergson; Henri Louis Bergson.

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abelard

  • noun French philosopher and theologian; lover of Heloise (1079-1142)
    Pierre Abelard; Peter Abelard.

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nicene_creed

  • noun (Christianity) a formal creed summarizing Christian beliefs; first adopted in 325 and later expanded

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systemizer

  • noun an organizer who puts things in order
    systematizer; orderer; systemiser; systematist; systematiser.
    • Aristotle was a great orderer of ideas

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charles_louis_de_secondat

  • noun French political philosopher who advocated the separation of executive and legislative and judicial powers (1689-1755)
    Montesquieu; Baron de la Brede et de Montesquieu.

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church

  • noun one of the groups of Christians who have their own beliefs and forms of worship
    Christian church.
  • noun a place for public (especially Christian) worship
    church building.
    • the church was empty

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king

  • noun a male sovereign; ruler of a kingdom
    male monarch; Rex.
  • noun a competitor who holds a preeminent position
    world-beater; queen.

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rousseau

  • noun French philosopher and writer born in Switzerland; believed that the natural goodness of man was warped by society; ideas influenced the French Revolution (1712-1778)
    Jean-Jacques Rousseau.
  • noun French primitive painter (1844-1910)
    Henri Rousseau; Le Douanier Rousseau.

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arts

  • noun studies intended to provide general knowledge and intellectual skills (rather than occupational or professional skills)
    liberal arts; humanistic discipline; humanities.
    • the college of arts and sciences
  • noun the products of human creativity; works of art collectively
    art; fine art.
    • an art exhibition
    • a fine collection of art

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slaveholding

  • noun the practice of owning slaves
    slavery.
  • adjective satellite allowing slavery
    • the slaveholding South

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mobilization

  • noun act of assembling and putting into readiness for war or other emergency: "mobilization of the troops"
    mobilisation; militarisation; militarization.
  • noun act of marshaling and organizing and making ready for use or action
    mobilisation.
    • mobilization of the country's economic resources

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acceptance

  • noun the mental attitude that something is believable and should be accepted as true
    credence.
    • he gave credence to the gossip
    • acceptance of Newtonian mechanics was unquestioned for 200 years
  • noun the act of accepting with approval; favorable reception
    espousal; acceptation; adoption.
    • its adoption by society
    • the proposal found wide acceptance

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political

  • adjective involving or characteristic of politics or parties or politicians
    • calling a meeting is a political act in itself"- Daniel Goleman
    • political pressure
    • a political machine
    • political office
    • political policy
  • adjective of or relating to your views about social relationships involving authority or power
    • political opinions

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averroes

  • noun Arabian philosopher born in Spain; wrote detailed commentaries on Aristotle that were admired by the Schoolmen (1126-1198)
    Abul-Walid Mohammed ibn-Ahmad Ibn-Mohammed ibn-Roshd; ibn-Roshd.

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line_of_least_resistance

  • noun the easiest way
    path of least resistance.
    • In marrying him she simply took the path of least resistance

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libber

  • noun a supporter of feminism
    women's rightist; women's liberationist; feminist.

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one-upmanship

  • noun the practice of keeping one jump ahead of a friend or competitor

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basic

  • noun (usually plural) a necessary commodity for which demand is constant
    staple.
  • noun a popular programming language that is relatively easy to learn; an acronym for beginner's all-purpose symbolic instruction code; no longer in general use

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monophysitism

  • noun a Christian heresy of the 5th and 6th centuries that challenged the orthodox definition of the two natures (human and divine) in Jesus and instead believed there was a single divine nature

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mach

  • noun Austrian physicist and philosopher who introduced the Mach number and who founded logical positivism (1838-1916)
    Ernst Mach.

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life

  • noun a characteristic state or mode of living
    • social life
    • city life
    • real life
  • noun the experience of being alive; the course of human events and activities
    living.
    • he could no longer cope with the complexities of life

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aristotelianism

  • noun (philosophy) the philosophy of Aristotle that deals with logic and metaphysics and ethics and poetics and politics and natural science
    peripateticism.
    • Aristotelianism profoundly influenced Western thought

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diversity

  • noun noticeable heterogeneity
    variety; diverseness; multifariousness.
    • a diversity of possibilities
    • the range and variety of his work is amazing
  • noun the condition or result of being changeable

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existential_philosophy

  • noun (philosophy) a 20th-century philosophical movement chiefly in Europe; assumes that people are entirely free and thus responsible for what they make of themselves
    existentialism; existentialist philosophy.

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purdah

  • noun a state of social isolation
    solitude.
  • noun the traditional Hindu or Muslim system of keeping women secluded
    sex segregation.

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william_james

  • noun United States pragmatic philosopher and psychologist (1842-1910)
    James.

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freethinking

  • noun the doctrine that reason is the right basis for regulating conduct
    rationalism.

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lucretius

  • noun Roman philosopher and poet; in a long didactic poem he tried to provide a scientific explanation of the universe (96-55 BC)
    Titus Lucretius Carus.

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hinayanism

  • noun the religious doctrine of Hinayana Buddhism

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psychotherapy

  • noun the branch of psychiatry concerned with psychological methods
    psychotherapeutics; mental hygiene.
  • noun the treatment of mental or emotional problems by psychological means

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prescriptivism

  • noun (ethics) a doctrine holding that moral statements prescribe appropriate attitudes and behavior
  • noun (linguistics) a doctrine supporting or promoting prescriptive linguistics

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patriarchy

  • noun a form of social organization in which a male is the family head and title is traced through the male line
    patriarchate.

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practicality

  • noun concerned with actual use rather than theoretical possibilities

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one-way_street

  • noun unilateral interaction
    • cooperation cannot be a one-way street
  • noun a street on which vehicular traffic is allowed to move in only one direction

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amoralism

  • noun the doctrine that moral distinctions are invalid

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accommodating

  • adjective helpful in bringing about a harmonious adaptation
    accommodative.
    • the warden was always accommodating in allowing visitors in
    • made a special effort to be accommodating
  • verb be agreeable or acceptable to
    accommodate; fit; suit.
    • This suits my needs

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ibn-sina

  • noun Arabian physician and influential Islamic philosopher; his interpretation of Aristotle influenced St. Thomas Aquinas; writings on medicine were important for almost 500 years (980-1037)
    Abu Ali al-Husain ibn Abdallah ibn Sina; Avicenna.

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value

  • noun a numerical quantity measured or assigned or computed
    • the value assigned was 16 milliseconds
  • noun the quality (positive or negative) that renders something desirable or valuable
    • the Shakespearean Shylock is of dubious value in the modern world

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nativity

  • noun the event of being born
    nascency; nascence; birth.
    • they celebrated the birth of their first child
  • noun the theological doctrine that Jesus Christ had no human father; Christians believe that Jesus's birth fulfilled Old Testament prophecies and was attended by miracles; the Nativity is celebrated at Christmas
    Virgin Birth.

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hypatia

  • noun Greek philosopher and astronomer; she invented the astrolabe (370-415)

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amoralist

  • noun someone who adheres to the doctrine that ordinary moral distinctions are invalid

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dynamism

  • noun any of the various theories or doctrines or philosophical systems that attempt to explain the phenomena of the universe in terms of some immanent force or energy
  • noun active strength of body or mind
    vigor; vigour; heartiness.

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reincarnationism

  • noun a doctrine that on the death of the body the soul migrates to or is born again in another body

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determinism

  • noun (philosophy) a philosophical theory holding that all events are inevitable consequences of antecedent sufficient causes; often understood as denying the possibility of free will

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situation

  • noun the general state of things; the combination of circumstances at a given time
    state of affairs.
    • the present international situation is dangerous
    • wondered how such a state of affairs had come about
    • eternal truths will be neither true nor eternal unless they have fresh meaning for every new social situation"- Franklin D.Roosevelt
  • noun a condition or position in which you find yourself
    position.
    • the unpleasant situation (or position) of having to choose between two evils
    • found herself in a very fortunate situation

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rudolf_steiner

  • noun Austrian philosopher who founded anthroposophy (1861-1925)
    Steiner.

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herbert_spencer

  • noun English philosopher and sociologist who applied the theory of natural selection to human societies (1820-1903)
    Spencer.

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schopenhauer

  • noun German pessimist philosopher (1788-1860)
    Arthur Schopenhauer.

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albert_schweitzer

  • noun French philosopher and physician and organist who spent most of his life as a medical missionary in Gabon (1875-1965)
    Schweitzer.

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crusader

  • noun a disputant who advocates reform
    reformer; meliorist; reformist; social reformer.
  • noun a warrior who engages in a holy war
    • the Crusaders tried to recapture the Holy Land from the Muslims

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century

  • noun a period of 100 years
  • noun ten 10s
    one C; 100; hundred; C.

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mystic

  • noun someone who believes in the existence of realities beyond human comprehension
    religious mystic.
  • adjective satellite having an import not apparent to the senses nor obvious to the intelligence; beyond ordinary understanding
    mystical; occult; secret; orphic; mysterious.
    • mysterious symbols
    • the mystical style of Blake
    • occult lore
    • the secret learning of the ancients

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derrida

  • noun French philosopher and critic (born in Algeria); exponent of deconstructionism (1930-2004)
    Jacques Derrida.

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unwritten

  • adjective based on custom rather than documentation
    • an unwritten law
    • rites...so ancient that they well might have had their unwritten origins in Aurignacian times"- J.L.T.C.Spence
  • adjective satellite using speech rather than writing
    oral.
    • an oral tradition
    • an oral agreement

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hijab

  • noun a headscarf worn by Muslim women; conceals the hair and neck and usually has a face veil that covers the face
  • noun the custom in some Islamic societies of women dressing modestly outside the home
    • she observes the hijab and does not wear tight clothing

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social_system

  • noun the people in a society considered as a system organized by a characteristic pattern of relationships
    social organisation; social organization; social structure; structure.
    • the social organization of England and America is very different
    • sociologists have studied the changing structure of the family

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henri_bergson

  • noun French philosopher who proposed elan vital as the cause of evolution and development (1859-1941)
    Bergson; Henri Louis Bergson.

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annoying

  • noun the act of troubling or annoying someone
    annoyance; vexation; irritation.
  • verb cause annoyance in; disturb, especially by minor irritations
    annoy; rag; devil; bother; vex; irritate; nettle; rile; get to; nark; get at; gravel; chafe.
    • Mosquitoes buzzing in my ear really bothers me
    • It irritates me that she never closes the door after she leaves

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cross

  • noun a wooden structure consisting of an upright post with a transverse piece
  • noun a marking that consists of lines that cross each other
    crisscross; mark.

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world_view

  • noun a comprehensive view of the world and human life
    Weltanschauung.

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feudal_system

  • noun the social system that developed in Europe in the 8th century; vassals were protected by lords who they had to serve in war
    feudalism.

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epistemological

  • adjective of or relating to epistemology
    epistemic.
    • epistemic modal

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traffic_pattern

  • noun the path that is prescribed for an airplane that is preparing to land at an airport
    pattern; approach pattern.
    • the traffic patterns around O'Hare are very crowded
    • they stayed in the pattern until the fog lifted

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james

  • noun a Stuart king of Scotland who married a daughter of Henry VII; when England and France went to war in 1513 he invaded England and died in defeat at Flodden (1473-1513)
    James IV.
  • noun the last Stuart to be king of England and Ireland and Scotland; overthrown in 1688 (1633-1701)
    James II.

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eclectic

  • noun someone who selects according to the eclectic method
    eclecticist.
  • adjective satellite selecting what seems best of various styles or ideas

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gnosticism

  • noun a religious orientation advocating gnosis as the way to release a person's spiritual element; considered heresy by Christian churches

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conflict

  • noun an open clash between two opposing groups (or individuals)
    battle; struggle.
    • the harder the conflict the more glorious the triumph"--Thomas Paine
    • police tried to control the battle between the pro- and anti-abortion mobs
  • noun opposition between two simultaneous but incompatible feelings
    • he was immobilized by conflict and indecision

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nativism

  • noun the policy of perpetuating native cultures (in opposition to acculturation)
  • noun (philosophy) the philosophical theory that some ideas are innate

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ill-usage

  • noun cruel or inhumane treatment
    maltreatment; ill-treatment; abuse.
    • the child showed signs of physical abuse

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britishism

  • noun an expression that is used in Great Britain (especially as contrasted with American English)
    Anglicism; Briticism.
  • noun a custom that is peculiar to England or its citizens
    Anglicism.

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social

  • noun a party of people assembled to promote sociability and communal activity
    mixer; sociable.
  • adjective relating to human society and its members
    societal.
    • social institutions
    • societal evolution
    • societal forces
    • social legislation

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multiplicity

  • noun the property of being multiple
  • noun a large number
    numerousness; numerosity.

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reid

  • noun Scottish philosopher of common sense who opposed the ideas of David Hume (1710-1796)
    Thomas Reid.

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moses_maimonides

  • noun Spanish philosopher considered the greatest Jewish scholar of the Middle Ages who codified Jewish law in the Talmud (1135-1204)
    Rabbi Moses Ben Maimon; Maimonides.

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machiavelli

  • noun a statesman of Florence who advocated a strong central government (1469-1527)
    Niccolo Machiavelli.

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operationalism

  • noun (philosophy) the doctrine that the meaning of a proposition consists of the operations involved in proving or applying it

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nativist

  • noun a philosopher who subscribes to nativism
  • adjective advocating the perpetuation of native societies
    nativistic.
    • the old nativist prejudice against the foreign businessman
    • the nativistic faith preaches the old values"- C.K.Kluckhohn

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peirce

  • noun United States mathematician and astronomer remembered for his studies of Uranus and Saturn and Neptune (1809-1880)
    Benjamin Peirce.
  • noun United States philosopher and logician; pioneer of pragmatism (1839-1914)
    Charles Sanders Peirce; Charles Peirce.

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identity

  • noun the distinct personality of an individual regarded as a persisting entity
    personal identity; individuality.
    • you can lose your identity when you join the army
  • noun the individual characteristics by which a thing or person is recognized or known
    • geneticists only recently discovered the identity of the gene that causes it
    • it was too dark to determine his identity
    • she guessed the identity of his lover

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intuitionism

  • noun (philosophy) the doctrine that knowledge is acquired primarily by intuition

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charles_sanders_peirce

  • noun United States philosopher and logician; pioneer of pragmatism (1839-1914)
    Peirce; Charles Peirce.

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zeno

  • noun ancient Greek philosopher who formulated paradoxes that defended the belief that motion and change are illusory (circa 495-430 BC)
    Zeno of Elea.
  • noun ancient Greek philosopher who founded the Stoic school (circa 335-263 BC)
    Zeno of Citium.

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herbert_marcuse

  • noun United States political philosopher (born in Germany) concerned about the dehumanizing effects of capitalism and modern technology (1898-1979)
    Marcuse.

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xenophanes

  • noun Greek philosopher (560-478 BC)

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tradition

  • noun an inherited pattern of thought or action
  • noun a specific practice of long standing
    custom.

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jacques_derrida

  • noun French philosopher and critic (born in Algeria); exponent of deconstructionism (1930-2004)
    Derrida.

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academic

  • noun an educator who works at a college or university
    academician; faculty member.
  • adjective associated with academia or an academy
    • the academic curriculum
    • academic gowns

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john_stuart_mill

  • noun English philosopher and economist remembered for his interpretations of empiricism and utilitarianism (1806-1873)
    John Mill; Mill.

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auguste_comte

  • noun French philosopher remembered as the founder of positivism; he also established sociology as a systematic field of study
    Comte; Isidore Auguste Marie Francois Comte.

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organization

  • noun a group of people who work together
    organisation.
  • noun an organized structure for arranging or classifying
    organisation; system; arrangement.
    • he changed the arrangement of the topics
    • the facts were familiar but it was in the organization of them that he was original
    • he tried to understand their system of classification

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monothelitism

  • noun the theological doctrine that Christ had only one will even though he had two natures (human and divine); condemned as heretical in the Third Council of Constantinople

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denis_diderot

  • noun French philosopher who was a leading figure of the Enlightenment in France; principal editor of an encyclopedia that disseminated the scientific and philosophical knowledge of the time (1713-1784)
    Diderot.

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biologism

  • noun use of biological principles in explaining human especially social behavior

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russell

  • noun United States religious leader who founded the sect that is now called Jehovah's Witnesses (1852-1916)
    Charles Taze Russell.
  • noun English film director (born in 1927)
    Henry Kenneth Alfred Russell; Ken Russell.

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platonism

  • noun (philosophy) the philosophical doctrine that abstract concepts exist independent of their names
    realism.

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shape

  • noun any spatial attributes (especially as defined by outline)
    configuration; contour; form; conformation.
    • he could barely make out their shapes
  • noun the spatial arrangement of something as distinct from its substance
    form.
    • geometry is the mathematical science of shape

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callisthenics

  • noun the practice of calisthenic exercises
    calisthenics.
    • calisthenics is recommended for general good health
  • noun light exercises designed to promote general fitness
    calisthenics.
    • several different calisthenics were illustrated in the video

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aspect

  • noun a distinct feature or element in a problem
    facet.
    • he studied every facet of the question
  • noun a characteristic to be considered

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world

  • noun everything that exists anywhere
    universe; creation; macrocosm; existence; cosmos.
    • they study the evolution of the universe
    • the biggest tree in existence
  • noun people in general; especially a distinctive group of people with some shared interest
    domain.
    • the Western world

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herder

  • noun German philosopher who advocated intuition over reason (1744-1803)
    Johann Gottfried von Herder.
  • noun someone who drives a herd
    drover; herdsman.

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political_system

  • noun the members of a social organization who are in power
    form of government.

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1st_baron_verulam

  • noun English statesman and philosopher; precursor of British empiricism; advocated inductive reasoning (1561-1626)
    Sir Francis Bacon; Baron Verulam; Viscount St. Albans; Bacon; Francis Bacon.

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rapid

  • noun a part of a river where the current is very fast
  • adjective satellite done or occurring in a brief period of time
    • a rapid rise through the ranks

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feminist

  • noun a supporter of feminism
    women's rightist; libber; women's liberationist.
  • adjective of or relating to or advocating equal rights for women
    • feminist critique

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reformer

  • noun a disputant who advocates reform
    meliorist; reformist; social reformer; crusader.
  • noun an apparatus that reforms the molecular structure of hydrocarbons to produce richer fuel
    • a catalytic reformer

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establishmentism

  • noun the doctrine of supporting the social or political establishment
    establishmentarianism.

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education

  • noun the activities of educating or instructing; activities that impart knowledge or skill
    instruction; educational activity; didactics; teaching; pedagogy.
    • he received no formal education
    • our instruction was carefully programmed
    • good classroom teaching is seldom rewarded
  • noun knowledge acquired by learning and instruction
    • it was clear that he had a very broad education

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empiricism

  • noun (philosophy) the doctrine that knowledge derives from experience
    sensationalism; empiricist philosophy.
  • noun the application of empirical methods in any art or science

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neoliberal

  • noun a liberal who subscribes to neoliberalism
  • adjective satellite having or showing belief in the need for economic growth in addition to traditional liberalistic values

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meritocracy

  • noun a form of social system in which power goes to those with superior intellects
  • noun the belief that rulers should be chosen for their superior abilities and not because of their wealth or birth

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berkeley

  • noun Irish philosopher and Anglican bishop who opposed the materialism of Thomas Hobbes (1685-1753)
    George Berkeley; Bishop Berkeley.
  • noun a city in California on the eastern shore of San Francisco Bay; site of the University of California at Berkeley

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usage

  • noun the act of using
    use; utilization; utilisation; employment; exercise.
    • he warned against the use of narcotic drugs
    • skilled in the utilization of computers
  • noun accepted or habitual practice
    usance; custom.

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structural

  • adjective relating to or caused by structure, especially political or economic structure
    • structural unemployment in a technological society
  • adjective relating to or having or characterized by structure
    • structural engineer
    • structural errors
    • structural simplicity

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rabbi_moses_ben_maimon

  • noun Spanish philosopher considered the greatest Jewish scholar of the Middle Ages who codified Jewish law in the Talmud (1135-1204)
    Moses Maimonides; Maimonides.

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feminism

  • noun a doctrine that advocates equal rights for women
  • noun the movement aimed at equal rights for women
    women's liberation movement; feminist movement; women's lib.

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real

  • noun any rational or irrational number
    real number.
  • noun the basic unit of money in Brazil; equal to 100 centavos

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spiritualism

  • noun (theology) any doctrine that asserts the separate existence of God
  • noun the belief that the spirits of dead people can communicate with people who are still alive (especially via a medium)

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antipluralism

Sorry, we do not have the definition for this word.

empedocles

  • noun Greek philosopher who taught that all matter is composed of particles of fire and water and air and earth (fifth century BC)

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montesquieu

  • noun French political philosopher who advocated the separation of executive and legislative and judicial powers (1689-1755)
    Baron de la Brede et de Montesquieu; Charles Louis de Secondat.

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bernard_arthur_owen_williams

  • noun English philosopher credited with reviving the field of moral philosophy (1929-2003)
    Sir Bernard Williams; Williams.

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k'ung_futzu

  • noun Chinese philosopher whose ideas and sayings were collected after his death and became the basis of a philosophical doctrine known a Confucianism (circa 551-478 BC)
    Confucius; Kongfuze; Kong the Master.

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cultural

  • adjective of or relating to the arts and manners that a group favors
    • cultural events
    • a person of broad cultural interests
  • adjective satellite denoting or deriving from or distinctive of the ways of living built up by a group of people
    ethnical; ethnic.
    • influenced by ethnic and cultural ties"- J.F.Kennedy
    • ethnic food

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traffic

  • noun the aggregation of things (pedestrians or vehicles) coming and going in a particular locality during a specified period of time
  • noun buying and selling; especially illicit trade

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anaximander

  • noun a presocratic Greek philosopher and student of Thales who believed the universal substance to be infinity rather than something resembling ordinary objects (611-547 BC)

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sir_bernard_williams

  • noun English philosopher credited with reviving the field of moral philosophy (1929-2003)
    Bernard Arthur Owen Williams; Williams.

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symbolism

  • noun a system of symbols and symbolic representations
  • noun the practice of investing things with symbolic meaning
    symbolization; symbolisation.

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using

  • noun an act that exploits or victimizes someone (treats them unfairly)
    exploitation; victimisation; victimization.
    • capitalistic exploitation of the working class
    • paying Blacks less and charging them more is a form of victimization
  • verb put into service; make work or employ for a particular purpose or for its inherent or natural purpose
    employ; apply; use; utilize; utilise.
    • use your head!
    • we only use Spanish at home
    • I can't use this tool
    • Apply a magnetic field here
    • This thinking was applied to many projects
    • How do you utilize this tool?
    • I apply this rule to get good results
    • use the plastic bags to store the food
    • He doesn't know how to use a computer

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antipluralist

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mod

  • noun a British teenager or young adult in the 1960s; noted for their clothes consciousness and opposition to the rockers
  • adjective satellite relating to a recently developed fashion or style;
    modern; modernistic.
    • their offices are in a modern skyscraper
    • tables in modernistic designs

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state

  • noun the territory occupied by one of the constituent administrative districts of a nation
    province.
    • his state is in the deep south
  • noun the way something is with respect to its main attributes
    • the current state of knowledge
    • his state of health
    • in a weak financial state

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saint_bruno

  • noun (Roman Catholic Church) a French cleric (born in Germany) who founded the Carthusian order in 1084 (1032-1101)
    Bruno; St. Bruno.

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jean-jacques_rousseau

  • noun French philosopher and writer born in Switzerland; believed that the natural goodness of man was warped by society; ideas influenced the French Revolution (1712-1778)
    Rousseau.

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maltreatment

  • noun cruel or inhumane treatment
    ill-treatment; abuse; ill-usage.
    • the child showed signs of physical abuse

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relationship

  • noun a relation between people; (`relationship' is often used where `relation' would serve, as in `the relationship between inflation and unemployment', but the preferred usage of `relationship' is for human relations or states of relatedness)
    human relationship.
    • the relationship between mothers and their children
  • noun a state of connectedness between people (especially an emotional connection)
    • he didn't want his wife to know of the relationship

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subjectivism

  • noun (philosophy) the doctrine that knowledge and value are dependent on and limited by your subjective experience
  • noun the quality of being subjective

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aristotle

  • noun one of the greatest of the ancient Athenian philosophers; pupil of Plato; teacher of Alexander the Great (384-322 BC)

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latitudinarian

  • noun a person who is broad-minded and tolerant (especially in standards of religious belief and conduct)
  • adjective satellite unwilling to accept authority or dogma (especially in religion)
    undogmatic; undogmatical; free-thinking.

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social_organization

  • noun the people in a society considered as a system organized by a characteristic pattern of relationships
    social organisation; social structure; social system; structure.
    • the social organization of England and America is very different
    • sociologists have studied the changing structure of the family

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victimization

  • noun adversity resulting from being made a victim
    • his victimization infuriated him
  • noun an act that exploits or victimizes someone (treats them unfairly)
    exploitation; using; victimisation.
    • capitalistic exploitation of the working class
    • paying Blacks less and charging them more is a form of victimization

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laissez

Sorry, we do not have the definition for this word.

perry

  • noun United States philosopher (1876-1957)
    Ralph Barton Perry.
  • noun United States admiral who led a naval expedition to Japan and signed a treaty in 1854 opening up trade relations between United States and Japan; brother of Oliver Hazard Perry (1794-1858)
    Matthew Calbraith Perry.

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benedict_de_spinoza

  • noun Dutch philosopher who espoused a pantheistic system (1632-1677)
    de Spinoza; Spinoza; Baruch de Spinoza.

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creed

  • noun any system of principles or beliefs
    credo.
  • noun the written body of teachings of a religious group that are generally accepted by that group
    gospel; religious doctrine; church doctrine.

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creation

  • noun the human act of creating
    creative activity.
  • noun an artifact that has been brought into existence by someone

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abolitionism

  • noun the doctrine that calls for the abolition of slavery

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slavery

  • noun the state of being under the control of another person
    thrall; thraldom; thralldom; bondage.
  • noun the practice of owning slaves
    slaveholding.

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antiestablishmentarianism

  • noun the doctrine of opposition to the social and political establishment
    antiestablishmentism.

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leibnitz

  • noun German philosopher and mathematician who thought of the universe as consisting of independent monads and who devised a system of the calculus independent of Newton (1646-1716)
    Leibniz; Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz; Gottfried Wilhelm Leibnitz.

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ramon_lully

  • noun Spanish philosopher (1235-1315)
    Raymond Lully; Lully.

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origen

  • noun Greek philosopher and theologian who reinterpreted Christian doctrine through the philosophy of Neoplatonism; his work was later condemned as unorthodox (185-254)

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abolitionist

  • noun a reformer who favors abolishing slavery
    emancipationist.

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harassment

  • noun a feeling of intense annoyance caused by being tormented
    torment.
    • so great was his harassment that he wanted to destroy his tormentors
  • noun the act of tormenting by continued persistent attacks and criticism
    molestation.

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divine

  • noun a clergyman or other person in religious orders
    cleric; ecclesiastic; churchman.
  • noun terms referring to the Judeo-Christian God
    Jehovah; Creator; God Almighty; Almighty; Lord; Maker; Godhead.

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employment

  • noun the state of being employed or having a job
    employ.
    • they are looking for employment
    • he was in the employ of the city
  • noun the occupation for which you are paid
    work.
    • he is looking for employment
    • a lot of people are out of work

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ecclesiastic

  • noun a clergyman or other person in religious orders
    cleric; divine; churchman.
  • adjective of or associated with a church (especially a Christian Church)
    ecclesiastical.
    • ecclesiastic history

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lynch_law

  • noun the practice of punishing people by hanging without due process of law

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karl_popper

  • noun British philosopher (born in Austria) who argued that scientific theories can never be proved to be true, but are tested by attempts to falsify them (1902-1994)
    Popper; Sir Karl Raimund Popper.

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reformist

  • noun a disputant who advocates reform
    reformer; meliorist; social reformer; crusader.
  • adjective satellite favoring or promoting reform (often by government action)
    reform-minded; progressive.

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broad

  • noun slang term for a woman
    • a broad is a woman who can throw a mean punch
  • adjective having great (or a certain) extent from one side to the other
    wide.
    • wide roads
    • a wide necktie
    • wide margins
    • three feet wide
    • a river two miles broad
    • broad shoulders
    • a broad river

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women's_rightist

  • noun a supporter of feminism
    libber; women's liberationist; feminist.

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integration

  • noun the action of incorporating a racial or religious group into a community
    desegregation; integrating.
  • noun the act of combining into an integral whole
    consolidation.
    • a consolidation of two corporations
    • after their consolidation the two bills were passed unanimously
    • the defendants asked for a consolidation of the actions against them

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legal

  • adjective established by or founded upon law or official or accepted rules
  • adjective of or relating to jurisprudence
    • legal loophole

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anglicism

  • noun an expression that is used in Great Britain (especially as contrasted with American English)
    Britishism; Briticism.
  • noun a custom that is peculiar to England or its citizens
    Britishism.

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lao-zi

  • noun Chinese philosopher regarded as the founder of Taoism (6th century BC)
    Lao-tzu; Lao-tse.

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sensationalism

  • noun subject matter that is calculated to excite and please vulgar tastes
  • noun the journalistic use of subject matter that appeals to vulgar tastes
    luridness.
    • the tabloids relied on sensationalism to maintain their circulation

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scientific

  • adjective of or relating to the practice of science
    • scientific journals
  • adjective conforming with the principles or methods used in science
    • a scientific approach

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hereditarianism

  • noun the philosophical doctrine that heredity is more important than environment in determining intellectual growth

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epictetus

  • noun Greek philosopher who was a Stoic (circa 50-130)

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journal

  • noun a daily written record of (usually personal) experiences and observations
    diary.
  • noun a periodical dedicated to a particular subject
    • he reads the medical journals

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view

  • noun a way of regarding situations or topics etc.
    position; perspective.
    • consider what follows from the positivist view
  • noun the visual percept of a region
    prospect; vista; panorama; scene; aspect.
    • the most desirable feature of the park are the beautiful views

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nudist

  • noun a person who practices nudity for reasons of health or religion
    naturist.

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pluralist

  • noun a cleric who holds more than one benefice at a time
  • noun a philosopher who believes that no single explanation can account for all the phenomena of nature

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abul-walid_mohammed_ibn-ahmad_ibn-mohammed_ibn-roshd

  • noun Arabian philosopher born in Spain; wrote detailed commentaries on Aristotle that were admired by the Schoolmen (1126-1198)
    Averroes; ibn-Roshd.

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step

  • noun any maneuver made as part of progress toward a goal
    measure.
    • the situation called for strong measures
    • the police took steps to reduce crime
  • noun the distance covered by a step
    pace; footstep; stride.
    • he stepped off ten paces from the old tree and began to dig

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nudism

  • noun going without clothes as a social practice
    naturism.

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existentialist_philosophy

  • noun (philosophy) a 20th-century philosophical movement chiefly in Europe; assumes that people are entirely free and thus responsible for what they make of themselves
    existentialism; existential philosophy.

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peer

  • noun a person who is of equal standing with another in a group
    compeer; equal; match.
  • noun a nobleman (duke or marquis or earl or viscount or baron) who is a member of the British peerage

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christology

  • noun a religious doctrine or theory based on Jesus or Jesus' teachings
  • noun the branch of theology concerned with the person and attributes and deeds of Christ

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mitsvah

  • noun (Judaism) a precept or commandment of the Jewish law
    mitzvah.
  • noun (Judaism) a good deed performed out of religious duty
    mitzvah.

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individualism

  • noun the quality of being individual
    individuation; individuality.
    • so absorbed by the movement that she lost all sense of individuality
  • noun a belief in the importance of the individual and the virtue of self-reliance and personal independence

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seneca

  • noun Roman statesman and philosopher who was an advisor to Nero; his nine extant tragedies are modeled on Greek tragedies (circa 4 BC - 65 AD)
    Lucius Annaeus Seneca.
  • noun a member of the Iroquoian people formerly living in New York State south of Lake Ontario

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peter_abelard

  • noun French philosopher and theologian; lover of Heloise (1079-1142)
    Pierre Abelard; Abelard.

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leibniz

  • noun German philosopher and mathematician who thought of the universe as consisting of independent monads and who devised a system of the calculus independent of Newton (1646-1716)
    Leibnitz; Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz; Gottfried Wilhelm Leibnitz.

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have

  • noun a person who possesses great material wealth
    rich person; wealthy person.
  • verb have or possess, either in a concrete or an abstract sense
    hold; have got.
    • She has $1,000 in the bank
    • He has got two beautiful daughters
    • She holds a Master's degree from Harvard

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careerism

  • noun the practice of advancing your career at the expense of your personal integrity

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practical

  • adjective concerned with actual use or practice
    • he is a very practical person
    • the idea had no practical application
    • a practical knowledge of Japanese
    • woodworking is a practical art
  • adjective satellite guided by practical experience and observation rather than theory
    hardheaded; hard-nosed; pragmatic.
    • a hardheaded appraisal of our position
    • a hard-nosed labor leader
    • completely practical in his approach to business
    • not ideology but pragmatic politics

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range

  • noun an area in which something acts or operates or has power or control: "the range of a supersonic jet"
    ambit; reach; orbit; compass; scope.
    • a piano has a greater range than the human voice
    • the ambit of municipal legislation
    • within the compass of this article
    • within the scope of an investigation
    • outside the reach of the law
    • in the political orbit of a world power
  • noun the limits within which something can be effective
    reach.
    • range of motion
    • he was beyond the reach of their fire

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careerist

  • noun a professional who is intent on furthering his or her career by any possible means and often at the expense of their own integrity

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together

  • adjective satellite mentally and emotionally stable
    • she's really together
  • adverb in contact with each other or in proximity
    • the leaves stuck together

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epicureanism

  • noun a doctrine of hedonism that was defended by several ancient Greek philosophers

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pragmatism

  • noun (philosophy) the doctrine that practical consequences are the criteria of knowledge and meaning and value
  • noun the attribute of accepting the facts of life and favoring practicality and literal truth
    realism.

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baron_de_la_brede_et_de_montesquieu

  • noun French political philosopher who advocated the separation of executive and legislative and judicial powers (1689-1755)
    Montesquieu; Charles Louis de Secondat.

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presence

  • noun the state of being present; current existence
    • he tested for the presence of radon
  • noun the immediate proximity of someone or something
    front.
    • she blushed in his presence
    • he sensed the presence of danger
    • he was well behaved in front of company

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daily_round

  • noun the usual activities in your day
    round.
    • the doctor made his rounds

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pelagianism

  • noun the theological doctrine put forward by Pelagius which denied original sin and affirmed the ability of humans to be righteous; condemned as heresy by the Council of Ephesus in 431

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sex_segregation

  • noun the traditional Hindu or Muslim system of keeping women secluded
    purdah.

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arthur_schopenhauer

  • noun German pessimist philosopher (1788-1860)
    Schopenhauer.

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physicalism

  • noun (philosophy) the philosophical theory that matter is the only reality
    materialism.

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symbolizer

  • noun someone skilled in the interpretation or representation of symbols
    symbolist; symboliser.

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doctrine

  • noun a belief (or system of beliefs) accepted as authoritative by some group or school
    philosophical system; philosophy; school of thought; ism.

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sir_francis_bacon

  • noun English statesman and philosopher; precursor of British empiricism; advocated inductive reasoning (1561-1626)
    1st Baron Verulam; Baron Verulam; Viscount St. Albans; Bacon; Francis Bacon.

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feudal

  • adjective of or relating to or characteristic of feudalism
    feudalistic.

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annoyance

  • noun the psychological state of being irritated or annoyed
    botheration; vexation; irritation.
  • noun anger produced by some annoying irritation
    chafe; vexation.

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aesthetician

  • noun a worker skilled in giving beauty treatments (manicures and facials etc.)
    esthetician.
  • noun a philosopher who specializes in the nature of beauty
    esthetician.

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secret

  • noun something that should remain hidden from others (especially information that is not to be passed on)
    • the combination to the safe was a secret
    • he tried to keep his drinking a secret
  • noun information known only to a special group
    arcanum.
    • the secret of Cajun cooking

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custom

  • noun accepted or habitual practice
    usage; usance.
  • noun a specific practice of long standing
    tradition.

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viscount_st._albans

  • noun English statesman and philosopher; precursor of British empiricism; advocated inductive reasoning (1561-1626)
    1st Baron Verulam; Sir Francis Bacon; Baron Verulam; Bacon; Francis Bacon.

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thomas_hobbes

  • noun English materialist and political philosopher who advocated absolute sovereignty as the only kind of government that could resolve problems caused by the selfishness of human beings (1588-1679)
    Hobbes.

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henri_louis_bergson

  • noun French philosopher who proposed elan vital as the cause of evolution and development (1859-1941)
    Henri Bergson; Bergson.

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real_presence

  • noun (Christianity) the Christian doctrine that the body of Christ is actually present in the Eucharist

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stoic

  • noun a member of the ancient Greek school of philosophy founded by Zeno
    • a Stoic achieves happiness by submission to destiny
  • noun someone who is seemingly indifferent to emotions
    unemotional person.

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way

  • noun how something is done or how it happens
    style; fashion; manner; mode.
    • her dignified manner
    • his rapid manner of talking
    • their nomadic mode of existence
    • in the characteristic New York style
    • a lonely way of life
    • in an abrasive fashion
  • noun how a result is obtained or an end is achieved
    agency; means.
    • a means of control
    • an example is the best agency of instruction
    • the true way to success

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mahayanism

  • noun the religious doctrine of Mahayana Buddhism

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systematiser

  • noun an organizer who puts things in order
    systematizer; systemizer; orderer; systemiser; systematist.
    • Aristotle was a great orderer of ideas

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lao-tse

  • noun Chinese philosopher regarded as the founder of Taoism (6th century BC)
    Lao-zi; Lao-tzu.

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predestination

  • noun previous determination as if by destiny or fate
  • noun (theology) being determined in advance; especially the doctrine (usually associated with Calvin) that God has foreordained every event throughout eternity (including the final salvation of mankind)
    predetermination; foreordination; preordination.

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postmodernism

  • noun genre of art and literature and especially architecture in reaction against principles and practices of established modernism

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form

  • noun the phonological or orthographic sound or appearance of a word that can be used to describe or identify something
    descriptor; word form; signifier.
    • the inflected forms of a word can be represented by a stem and a list of inflections to be attached
  • noun a category of things distinguished by some common characteristic or quality
    sort; kind; variety.
    • sculpture is a form of art
    • what kinds of desserts are there?

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avicenna

  • noun Arabian physician and influential Islamic philosopher; his interpretation of Aristotle influenced St. Thomas Aquinas; writings on medicine were important for almost 500 years (980-1037)
    Abu Ali al-Husain ibn Abdallah ibn Sina; ibn-Sina.

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confucius

  • noun Chinese philosopher whose ideas and sayings were collected after his death and became the basis of a philosophical doctrine known a Confucianism (circa 551-478 BC)
    Kongfuze; K'ung Futzu; Kong the Master.

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mistreatment

  • noun the practice of treating (someone or something) badly
    • he should be punished for his mistreatment of his mother

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irredentism

  • noun the doctrine that irredenta should be controlled by the country to which they are ethnically or historically related
    irridentism.

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condorcet

  • noun French mathematician and philosopher (1743-1794)
    Marquis de Condorcet; Marie Jean Antoine Nicolas Caritat.

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existentialist_philosopher

  • noun a philosopher who emphasizes freedom of choice and personal responsibility but who regards human existence in a hostile universe as unexplainable
    existentialist; existential philosopher.

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segregation

  • noun (genetics) the separation of paired alleles during meiosis so that members of each pair of alleles appear in different gametes
  • noun a social system that provides separate facilities for minority groups
    separatism.

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line

  • noun a formation of people or things one beside another
    • the line of soldiers advanced with their bayonets fixed
    • they were arrayed in line of battle
    • the cast stood in line for the curtain call
  • noun a mark that is long relative to its width
    • He drew a line on the chart

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social_movement

  • noun a group of people with a common ideology who try together to achieve certain general goals
    front; movement.
    • he was a charter member of the movement
    • politicians have to respect a mass movement
    • he led the national liberation front

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pierre_teilhard_de_chardin

  • noun French paleontologist and philosopher (1881-1955)
    Teilhard de Chardin.

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meliorist

  • noun a disputant who advocates reform
    reformer; reformist; social reformer; crusader.

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nuclear_deterrence

  • noun the military doctrine that an enemy will be deterred from using nuclear weapons as long as he can be destroyed as a consequence
    • when two nations both resort to nuclear deterrence the consequence could be mutual destruction

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thomas_a_kempis

  • noun German ecclesiastic (1380-1471)
    a Kempis.

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abu_ali_al-husain_ibn_abdallah_ibn_sina

  • noun Arabian physician and influential Islamic philosopher; his interpretation of Aristotle influenced St. Thomas Aquinas; writings on medicine were important for almost 500 years (980-1037)
    ibn-Sina; Avicenna.

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victimisation

  • noun an act that exploits or victimizes someone (treats them unfairly)
    exploitation; using; victimization.
    • capitalistic exploitation of the working class
    • paying Blacks less and charging them more is a form of victimization

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friedrich_wilhelm_nietzsche

  • noun influential German philosopher remembered for his concept of the superman and for his rejection of Christian values; considered, along with Kierkegaard, to be a founder of existentialism (1844-1900)
    Nietzsche.

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nicolas_de_malebranche

  • noun French philosopher (1638-1715)
    Malebranche.

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multiculturalism

  • noun the doctrine that several different cultures (rather than one national culture) can coexist peacefully and equitably in a single country

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marie_jean_antoine_nicolas_caritat

  • noun French mathematician and philosopher (1743-1794)
    Condorcet; Marquis de Condorcet.

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states'_rights

  • noun a doctrine that federal powers should be curtailed and returned to the individual states
  • noun the rights conceded to the states by the United States constitution

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marketplace

  • noun the world of commercial activity where goods and services are bought and sold
    market place; market.
    • without competition there would be no market
    • they were driven from the marketplace
  • noun an area in a town where a public mercantile establishment is set up
    market place; mart; market.

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spinoza

  • noun Dutch philosopher who espoused a pantheistic system (1632-1677)
    Benedict de Spinoza; de Spinoza; Baruch de Spinoza.

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liberal

  • noun a person who favors a political philosophy of progress and reform and the protection of civil liberties
    progressive; liberalist.
  • noun a person who favors an economic theory of laissez-faire and self-regulating markets

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nationalist

  • noun one who loves and defends his or her country
    patriot.
  • noun an advocate of national independence of or a strong national government

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liberalist

  • noun a person who favors a political philosophy of progress and reform and the protection of civil liberties
    liberal; progressive.

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taxonomer

  • noun a biologist who specializes in the classification of organisms into groups on the basis of their structure and origin and behavior
    systematist; taxonomist.

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conceptualism

  • noun the doctrine that the application of a general term to various objects indicates the existence of a mental entity that mediates the application

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precept

  • noun rule of personal conduct
    principle.
  • noun a doctrine that is taught
    teaching; commandment.
    • the teachings of religion
    • he believed all the Christian precepts

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orderer

  • noun someone who places an order to buy
  • noun an organizer who puts things in order
    systematizer; systemizer; systemiser; systematist; systematiser.
    • Aristotle was a great orderer of ideas

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mimesis

  • noun the imitative representation of nature and human behavior in art and literature
  • noun any disease that shows symptoms characteristic of another disease

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rule

  • noun a principle or condition that customarily governs behavior
    regulation.
    • it was his rule to take a walk before breakfast
    • short haircuts were the regulation
  • noun something regarded as a normative example
    formula; pattern; normal; convention.
    • the convention of not naming the main character
    • violence is the rule not the exception
    • his formula for impressing visitors

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universalism

  • noun the theological doctrine that all people will eventually be saved

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cross_dressing

  • noun the practice of adopting the clothes or the manner or the sexual role of the opposite sex
    transvestitism; transvestism.

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formalism

  • noun the doctrine that formal structure rather than content is what should be represented
  • noun (philosophy) the philosophical theory that formal (logical or mathematical) statements have no meaning but that its symbols (regarded as physical entities) exhibit a form that has useful applications

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nationalism

  • noun love of country and willingness to sacrifice for it
    patriotism.
    • they rode the same wave of popular patriotism
    • British nationalism was in the air and patriotic sentiments ran high
  • noun the doctrine that your national culture and interests are superior to any other

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racial

  • adjective of or related to genetically distinguished groups of people
    • racial groups
  • adjective of or characteristic of race or races or arising from differences among groups
    • racial differences
    • racial discrimination

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symbolist

  • noun a member of an artistic movement that expressed ideas indirectly via symbols
  • noun someone skilled in the interpretation or representation of symbols
    symboliser; symbolizer.

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popery

  • noun offensive terms for the practices and rituals of the Roman Catholic Church
    papism.

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sarvepalli_radhakrishnan

  • noun Indian philosopher and statesman who introduced Indian philosophy to the West (1888-1975)
    Radhakrishnan; Sir Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan.

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marx

  • noun United States comedian; one of four brothers who made motion pictures together (1901-1979)
    Zeppo; Herbert Marx.
  • noun United States comedian; one of four brothers who made motion pictures together (1893-1964)
    Arthur Marx; Harpo.

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incarnation

  • noun a new personification of a familiar idea
    embodiment; avatar.
    • the embodiment of hope
    • the incarnation of evil
    • the very avatar of cunning
  • noun (Christianity) the Christian doctrine of the union of God and man in the person of Jesus Christ

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yogi

  • noun one who practices yoga and has achieved a high level of spiritual insight
  • noun United States baseball player (born 1925)
    Lawrence Peter Berra; Berra; Yogi Berra.

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treatment

  • noun care provided to improve a situation (especially medical procedures or applications that are intended to relieve illness or injury)
    intervention.
  • noun the management of someone or something
    handling.
    • the handling of prisoners
    • the treatment of water sewage
    • the right to equal treatment in the criminal justice system

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reality

  • noun all of your experiences that determine how things appear to you
    world.
    • his world was shattered
    • we live in different worlds
    • for them demons were as much a part of reality as trees were
  • noun the state of being actual or real
    realness; realism.
    • the reality of his situation slowly dawned on him

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application

  • noun the act of bringing something to bear; using it for a particular purpose
    practical application.
    • he advocated the application of statistics to the problem
    • a novel application of electronics to medical diagnosis
  • noun a verbal or written request for assistance or employment or admission to a school
    • December 31 is the deadline for applications

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recognition

  • noun the state or quality of being recognized or acknowledged
    acknowledgment; acknowledgement.
    • the partners were delighted with the recognition of their work
    • she seems to avoid much in the way of recognition or acknowledgement of feminist work prior to her own
  • noun the process of recognizing something or someone by remembering
    identification.
    • a politician whose recall of names was as remarkable as his recognition of faces
    • experimental psychologists measure the elapsed time from the onset of the stimulus to its recognition by the observer

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willard_van_orman_quine

  • noun United States philosopher and logician who championed an empirical view of knowledge that depended on language (1908-2001)
    W. V. Quine; Quine.

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featherbedding

  • noun the practice (usually by a labor union) of requiring an employer to hire more workers than are required
  • verb treat with excessive indulgence
    featherbed; pamper; cosset; cocker; mollycoddle; spoil; indulge; baby; coddle.
    • grandparents often pamper the children
    • Let's not mollycoddle our students!

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naive

  • adjective marked by or showing unaffected simplicity and lack of guile or worldly experience
    naif.
    • a teenager's naive ignorance of life
    • the naive assumption that things can only get better
    • this naive simple creature with wide friendly eyes s