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syndrome Idioms & Phrases


acquired immune deficiency syndrome

  • noun a serious (often fatal) disease of the immune system transmitted through blood products especially by sexual contact or contaminated needles
    AIDS.
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acute organic brain syndrome

  • noun any disorder (as sudden confusion or disorientation) in an otherwise normal person that is due to reversible (temporary) impairment of brain tissues (as by head injuries or drugs or infection)
    acute brain disorder.
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adams-stokes syndrome

  • noun recurrent sudden attacks of unconsciousness caused by impaired conduction of the impulse that regulates the heartbeat
    heart block; atrioventricular block; Adams-Stokes syndrome.
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addison's syndrome

  • noun a glandular disorder caused by failure of function of the cortex of the adrenal gland and marked by anemia and prostration with brownish skin
    Addison's disease; hypoadrenalism; hypoadrenocorticism.
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adult respiratory distress syndrome

  • noun acute lung injury characterized by coughing and rales; inflammation of the lungs which become stiff and fibrous and cannot exchange oxygen; occurs among persons exposed to irritants such as corrosive chemical vapors or ammonia or chlorine etc.
    white lung; ARDS; wet lung.
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asperger's syndrome

  • noun a psychiatric disorder usually noted during early school years; characterized by impaired social relations and by repetitive patterns of behavior
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banti's syndrome

  • noun a disease characterized by congestion and enlargement of the spleen; accompanied by anemia or cirrhosis
    Banti's disease.
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binge-eating syndrome

  • noun a disorder of eating seen among young women who go on eating binges and then feel guilt and depression and self-condemnation
    bulimia.
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binge-purge syndrome

  • noun a disorder of eating in which the person alternates between strong craving for food and aversion to food; characterized by excessive eating followed by periods of fasting or self-induced vomiting
    bulimarexia; binge-purge syndrome; bulima nervosa.
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binge-vomit syndrome

  • noun a disorder of eating in which the person alternates between strong craving for food and aversion to food; characterized by excessive eating followed by periods of fasting or self-induced vomiting
    bulimarexia; binge-purge syndrome; bulima nervosa.
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carpal tunnel syndrome

  • noun a painful disorder caused by compression of a nerve in the carpal tunnel; characterized by discomfort and weakness in the hands and fingers and by sensations of tingling, burning or numbness
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cervical disc syndrome

  • noun an abnormal condition resulting from compression of spinal nerve roots in the neck region; involves neck pains and muscular weakness and paresthesia
    cervical disc syndrome.
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cervical root syndrome

  • noun an abnormal condition resulting from compression of spinal nerve roots in the neck region; involves neck pains and muscular weakness and paresthesia
    cervical disc syndrome.
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chinese restaurant syndrome

  • noun headache and tingling or burning feelings and sweating caused by eating food that contains monosodium glutamate
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conn's syndrome

  • noun disturbances in saltwater balance and symptoms of weakness and muscular cramps and twitching and convulsions and sometimes paralysis; usually caused by a benign tumor of the cortex of the adrenal gland that leads to excess secretion of aldosterone
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cushing's syndrome

  • noun a glandular disorder caused by excessive cortisol
    hyperadrenocorticism.
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down syndrome

  • noun a congenital disorder caused by having an extra 21st chromosome; results in a flat face and short stature and mental retardation
    mongolism; Down syndrome; mongolianism; trisomy 21.
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down's syndrome

  • noun a congenital disorder caused by having an extra 21st chromosome; results in a flat face and short stature and mental retardation
    mongolism; Down syndrome; mongolianism; trisomy 21.
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eaton-lambert syndrome

  • noun a disease seen in patients with lung cancer and characterized by weakness and fatigue of hip and thigh muscles and an aching back; caused by antibodies directed against the neuromuscular junctions
    carcinomatous myopathy; Eaton-Lambert syndrome; Lambert-Eaton syndrome.
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ekbom syndrome

  • noun feeling of uneasiness and restlessness in the legs after going to bed (sometimes causing insomnia); may be relieved temporarily by walking or moving the legs
    restless legs; Ekbom syndrome.
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fallot's syndrome

  • noun a congenital heart defect producing cyanosis; characterized by four symptoms: pulmonary stenosis and ventricular septal defect and malposition of the aorta over both ventricles and hypertrophy of the right ventricle
    Fallot's tetralogy; tetralogy of Fallot.
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fetal alcohol syndrome

  • noun a congenital medical condition in which body deformation occurs or facial development or mental ability is impaired because the mother drinks alcohol during pregnancy
    FAS.
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gilles de la tourette syndrome

  • noun neurological disorder characterized by facial grimaces and tics and movements of the upper body and grunts and shouts and coprolalia
    Gilles de la Tourette syndrome.
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guillain-barre syndrome

  • noun a form of peripheral polyneuritis characterized by pain and weakness and sometimes paralysis of the limbs; cause is unknown
    infectious polyneuritis; Landry's paralysis.
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gulf war syndrome

  • noun a medical condition of uncertain origin that affected many veterans of the 1991 Gulf War; characterized by fatigue and headache and dizziness and nausea and rashes and joint pain and respiratory disorders
    Persian Gulf illness.
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horner's syndrome

  • noun a pattern of symptoms occurring as a result of damage to nerves in the cervical region of the spine (drooping eyelids and constricted pupils and absence of facial sweating)
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hurler's syndrome

  • noun hereditary disease (autosomal recessive) consisting of an error is mucopolysaccharide metabolism; characterized by severe abnormalities in development of skeletal cartilage and bone and mental retardation
    lipochondrodystrophy; Hurler's disease; gargoylism; dysostosis multiplex.
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hyperkinetic syndrome

  • noun a condition (mostly in boys) characterized by behavioral and learning disorders
    attention deficit hyperactivity disorder; minimal brain dysfunction; MBD; attention deficit disorder; ADD; minimal brain damage; ADHD.
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irritable bowel syndrome

  • noun recurrent abdominal pain and diarrhea (often alternating with periods of constipation); often associated with emotional stress
    mucous colitis; spastic colon.
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kallman's syndrome

  • noun hypogonadism with anosmia; a congenital sexual disorder that prevents the testicles from maturing at puberty
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klinefelter syndrome

  • noun syndrome in males that is characterized by small testes and long legs and enlarged breasts and reduced sperm production and mental retardation; a genetic defect in which an extra X chromosome (XXY) is present in the male
    Klinefelter syndrome; Klinefelter's syndrome.
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klinefelter's syndrome

  • noun syndrome in males that is characterized by small testes and long legs and enlarged breasts and reduced sperm production and mental retardation; a genetic defect in which an extra X chromosome (XXY) is present in the male
    Klinefelter syndrome; Klinefelter's syndrome.
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korsakoff's syndrome

  • noun dementia observed during the last stages of severe chronic alcoholism; involves loss of memory for recent events although long term memory is intact
    alcohol amnestic disorder; Korsakov's psychosis; polyneuritic psychosis; alcoholic dementia; Korsakoff's syndrome; Korsakoff's psychosis.
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korsakov's syndrome

  • noun dementia observed during the last stages of severe chronic alcoholism; involves loss of memory for recent events although long term memory is intact
    alcohol amnestic disorder; Korsakov's psychosis; polyneuritic psychosis; alcoholic dementia; Korsakoff's syndrome; Korsakoff's psychosis.
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lambert-eaton syndrome

  • noun a disease seen in patients with lung cancer and characterized by weakness and fatigue of hip and thigh muscles and an aching back; caused by antibodies directed against the neuromuscular junctions
    carcinomatous myopathy; Eaton-Lambert syndrome; Lambert-Eaton syndrome.
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malabsorption syndrome

  • noun a pattern of symptoms including loss of appetite and bloating and weight loss and muscle pain and steatorrhea; associated with celiac disease and sprue and cystic fibrosis
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marfan's syndrome

  • noun an autosomal dominant disease characterized by elongated bones (especially of limbs and digits) and abnormalities of the eyes and circulatory system
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mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome

  • noun an acute disease of young children characterized by a rash and swollen lymph nodes and fever; of unknown cause
    Kawasaki disease.
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munchausen syndrome

  • noun syndrome consisting of feigning acute and dramatic illness for which no clinical evidence is ever found
    Munchausen syndrome.
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munchausen's syndrome

  • noun syndrome consisting of feigning acute and dramatic illness for which no clinical evidence is ever found
    Munchausen syndrome.
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myasthenic syndrome

  • noun a disease seen in patients with lung cancer and characterized by weakness and fatigue of hip and thigh muscles and an aching back; caused by antibodies directed against the neuromuscular junctions
    carcinomatous myopathy; Eaton-Lambert syndrome; Lambert-Eaton syndrome.
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nephrotic syndrome

  • noun a syndrome characterized by edema and large amounts of protein in the urine and usually increased blood cholesterol; usually associated with glomerulonephritis or with a complication of various systemic diseases
    nephrosis.
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noonan's syndrome

  • noun syndrome seen only in males; marked by short stature and lowset ears and subnormal fertility
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organic brain syndrome

  • noun mental abnormality resulting from disturbance of the structure or function of the brain
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parkinson's syndrome

  • noun a degenerative disorder of the central nervous system characterized by tremor and impaired muscular coordination
    paralysis agitans; shaking palsy; Parkinson's disease; Parkinson's; Parkinsonism.
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phantom limb syndrome

  • noun syndrome consisting of discomfort or pain in a limb that has been amputated
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premenstrual syndrome

  • noun a syndrome that occurs in many women from 2 to 14 days before the onset of menstruation
    PMS.
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radiation syndrome

  • noun syndrome resulting from exposure to ionizing radiation (e.g., exposure to radioactive chemicals or to nuclear explosions); low doses cause diarrhea and nausea and vomiting and sometimes loss of hair; greater exposure can cause sterility and cataracts and some forms of cancer and other diseases; severe exposure can cause death within hours
    radiation; radiation sickness.
    • he was suffering from radiation
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ramsay hunt syndrome

  • noun syndrome resulting from infection by the herpes varicella zoster virus; characterized by vertigo and pain in the ears and facial nerve paralysis and sometimes hearing loss
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reiter's syndrome

  • noun an inflammatory syndrome (etiology unknown) predominantly in males; characterized by arthritis and conjunctivitis and urethritis
    Reiter's disease.
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respiratory distress syndrome

  • noun an acute lung disease of the newborn (especially the premature newborn); lungs cannot expand because of a wetting agent is lacking; characterized by rapid shallow breathing and cyanosis and the formation of a glassy hyaline membrane over the alveoli
    respiratory distress syndrome; hyaline membrane disease.
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respiratory distress syndrome of the newborn

  • noun an acute lung disease of the newborn (especially the premature newborn); lungs cannot expand because of a wetting agent is lacking; characterized by rapid shallow breathing and cyanosis and the formation of a glassy hyaline membrane over the alveoli
    respiratory distress syndrome; hyaline membrane disease.
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restless legs syndrome

  • noun feeling of uneasiness and restlessness in the legs after going to bed (sometimes causing insomnia); may be relieved temporarily by walking or moving the legs
    restless legs; Ekbom syndrome.
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reye's syndrome

  • noun acquired encephalopathy following acute viral infections (especially influenza or chicken pox) in young children; characterized by fever, vomiting, disorientation, coma, and fatty infiltration of the liver
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scalenus syndrome

  • noun discomfort and vascular symptoms and loss of sensation in a shoulder and arm; caused by a scalene muscle compressing the subclavian artery and part of the brachial plexus
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severe acute respiratory syndrome

  • noun a respiratory disease of unknown etiology that apparently originated in mainland China in 2003; characterized by fever and coughing or difficulty breathing or hypoxia; can be fatal
    SARS.
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stokes-adams syndrome

  • noun recurrent sudden attacks of unconsciousness caused by impaired conduction of the impulse that regulates the heartbeat
    heart block; atrioventricular block; Adams-Stokes syndrome.
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sudden infant death syndrome

  • noun sudden and unexpected death of an apparently healthy infant during sleep
    cot death; SIDS; crib death; infant death.
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thoracic outlet syndrome

  • noun tingling sensations in the fingers; caused by compression on a nerve supplying the arm
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tietze's syndrome

  • noun syndrome characterized by swelling of rib cartilage (causing pain)
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tourette's syndrome

  • noun neurological disorder characterized by facial grimaces and tics and movements of the upper body and grunts and shouts and coprolalia
    Gilles de la Tourette syndrome.
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toxic shock syndrome

  • noun syndrome resulting from a serious acute (sometimes fatal) infection associated with the presence of staphylococcus; characterized by fever and diarrhea and nausea and diffuse erythema and shock; occurs especially in menstruating women using highly absorbent tampons
    toxic shock; TSS.
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turner's syndrome

  • noun a chromosomal disorder in females who have only one X chromosome; marked by dwarfism and heart abnormalities and underdeveloped sex organs
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waterhouse-friderichsen syndrome

  • noun syndrome associated with bacterial meningitis; marked by sudden high fever and skin discoloration and petechiae with hemorrhage into the adrenal glands and cardiovascular collapse
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williams syndrome

  • noun a rare congenital disorder associated with deletion of genetic material in chromosome 7; characterized by mental deficiency and some growth deficiency and elfin faces but an overly social personality and a remarkable gift for vocabulary
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xxy-syndrome

  • noun syndrome in males that is characterized by small testes and long legs and enlarged breasts and reduced sperm production and mental retardation; a genetic defect in which an extra X chromosome (XXY) is present in the male
    Klinefelter syndrome; Klinefelter's syndrome.
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zollinger-ellison syndrome

  • noun syndrome consisting of intractable peptic ulceration with gastric hypersecretion and hyperacidity
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"Rowling never met an adverb she didn't like."

-Stephen King on J.K Rowling's excessive use of adverbs.

Fear not the Adverb Hell!

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