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second Idioms & Phrases


ampere-second

  • noun a unit of electrical charge equal to the amount of charge transferred by a current of 1 ampere in 1 second
    C; coulomb.
WordNet

At first hand, At second hand

  • . See def. 10 (above).
Webster 1913

At second hand

  • . See Hand, n., 10.
Webster 1913

bits per second

  • noun (computer science) the rate at which data is transferred (as by a modem)
    bps.
WordNet

cycle per second

  • noun the unit of frequency; one hertz has a periodic interval of one second
    Hz; cycles/second; hertz; cps; cycle.
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euclid's second axiom

  • noun any terminated straight line can be projected indefinitely
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forty-second

  • adjective satellite the ordinal number of forty-two in counting order
    42nd.
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gigacycle per second

  • noun 1,000,000,000 periods per second
    gigahertz; gigacycle; Gc; GHz.
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Independent seconds watch

  • a stop watch having a second hand driven by a separate set of wheels, springs, etc., for timing to a fraction of a second.
Webster 1913

kepler's second law

  • noun a law concerning the speed at which planets travel; a line connecting a planet to the sun will sweep out equal areas in equal times
    law of equal areas; law of areas.
    • Kepler's second law means that a planet's orbital speed changes with its distance from the sun
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kilocycle per second

  • noun one thousand periods per second
    kc; kHz; kilocycle; kilohertz.
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leap second

  • noun a second (as measured by an atomic clock) added to or subtracted from Greenwich Mean Time in order to compensate for slowing in the Earth's rotation
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light second

  • noun the distance light travels in a vacuum in one second; approximately 300,000 kilometers
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Major second

  • (Mus.), a second between whose tones is a difference in pitch of a step.
Webster 1913

megacycle per second

  • noun one million periods per second
    megahertz; megacycle; MHz; Mc.
WordNet

million floating point operations per second

  • noun (computer science) a unit for measuring the speed of a computer system
    megaflop; MFLOP.
WordNet

million instructions per second

  • noun (computer science) a unit for measuring the execution speed of a computer's CPU (but not the whole system)
    MIPS.
    • 4 MIPS is 4,000,000 instructions per second
WordNet

newton's second law

  • noun the rate of change of momentum is proportional to the imposed force and goes in the direction of the force
    Newton's second law; Newton's second law of motion.
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newton's second law of motion

  • noun the rate of change of momentum is proportional to the imposed force and goes in the direction of the force
    Newton's second law; Newton's second law of motion.
WordNet

one-thirty-second

  • noun one part in thirty-two equal parts
    thirty-second; one-thirty-second.
WordNet

second advent

  • noun (Christian theology) the reappearance of Jesus as judge for the Last Judgment
    Advent; Parousia; Second Advent; Second Coming.
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second adventism

  • noun any Christian religion that believes the second coming of Christ is imminent
    Adventism.
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Second Adventist

  • noun a member of Christian denomination that expects the imminent advent of Christ
    Adventist.
WordNet
  • . See Adventist.
Webster 1913

second balcony

  • noun rearmost or uppermost area in the balcony containing the least expensive seats
    upper balcony; peanut gallery; family circle.
WordNet

second banana

  • noun a performer who acts as stooge to a comedian
    straight man.
  • noun someone who serves in a subordinate capacity or plays a secondary role
    second banana.
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second base

  • noun the base that must be touched second by a base runner in baseball
  • noun the fielding position of the player on a baseball team who is stationed near the second of the bases in the infield
    second.
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second baseman

  • noun (baseball) the person who plays second base
    second baseman.
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second battle of ypres

  • noun battle in World War I (1915); Germans wanted to try chlorine (a toxic yellow gas) as a weapon and succeeded in taking considerable territory from the Allied salient
    Ypres; battle of Ypres.
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second best

  • noun the competitor who finishes second
    runner-up.
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second childhood

  • noun mental infirmity as a consequence of old age; sometimes shown by foolish infatuations
    dotage; senility.
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second class

  • noun not the highest rank in a classification
  • noun not the highest quality in a classification
  • noun a class of accommodations on a ship or train or plane that are less expensive than first class accommodations
    economy class; cabin class.
  • adverb by second class conveyance
    • we traveled second class
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second coming

  • noun (Christian theology) the reappearance of Jesus as judge for the Last Judgment
    Advent; Parousia; Second Advent; Second Coming.
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second coming of christ

  • noun (Christian theology) the reappearance of Jesus as judge for the Last Judgment
    Advent; Parousia; Second Advent; Second Coming.
WordNet

second council of constantinople

  • noun the fifth ecumenical council in 553 which held Origen's writings to be heretic
    Constantinople.
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second council of lyons

  • noun the council in 1274 that effected a temporary reunion of the Greek Orthodox with the Roman Catholic Church
    Lyons.
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second council of nicaea

  • noun the seventh ecumenical council in 787 which refuted iconoclasm and regulated the veneration of holy images
    Nicaea.
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Second cousin

  • noun a child of a first cousin
WordNet
  • the child of a cousin.
Webster 1913

second cranial nerve

  • noun the cranial nerve that serves the retina
    optic nerve; optic tract; nervus opticus.
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second crusade

  • noun a Crusade from 1145 to 1147 that failed because of internal disagreements among the crusaders and led to the loss of Jerusalem in 1187
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second deck

  • noun the uppermost sheltered deck that runs the entire length of a large vessel
    main deck.
WordNet

Second distance

  • (Art), that part of a picture between the foreground and the background; called also middle ground, or middle distance. R.
Webster 1913

second earl grey

  • noun Englishman who as Prime Minister implemented social reforms including the abolition of slavery throughout the British Empire (1764-1845)
    Charles Grey; Grey.
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second earl of chatham

  • noun English statesman and son of Pitt the Elder (1759-1806)
    Pitt the Younger; Pitt; William Pitt.
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second earl of guilford

  • noun British statesman under George III whose policies led to rebellion in the American colonies (1732-1792)
    North; Frederick North.
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second empire

  • noun the imperial government of Napoleon III in France from 1852-1870
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second epistel of john

  • noun the second New Testament epistle traditionally attributed to Saint John the Apostle
    II John.
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second epistle of paul the apostle to the corinthians

  • noun a New Testament book containing the second epistle from Saint Paul to the church at Corinth
    II Corinthians; Second Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Corinthians.
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second epistle of paul the apostle to the thessalonians

  • noun a New Testament book containing Saint Paul's second epistle to the Thessalonians
    II Thessalonians; Second Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Thessalonians.
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second epistle of paul the apostle to timothy

  • noun a New Testament book containing Saint Paul's second epistle to Timothy; contains advice on pastoral matters
    II Timothy; Second Epistle of Paul the Apostle to Timothy.
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second epistle of peter

  • noun the second New Testament book traditionally attributed to Saint Peter the Apostle
    II Peter.
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second epistle to the corinthians

  • noun a New Testament book containing the second epistle from Saint Paul to the church at Corinth
    II Corinthians; Second Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Corinthians.
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second epistle to the thessalonians

  • noun a New Testament book containing Saint Paul's second epistle to the Thessalonians
    II Thessalonians; Second Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Thessalonians.
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second epistle to timothy

  • noun a New Testament book containing Saint Paul's second epistle to Timothy; contains advice on pastoral matters
    II Timothy; Second Epistle of Paul the Apostle to Timothy.
WordNet

Second estate

  • noun the nobility in France and the peerage in Britain
    Lords Temporal.
WordNet
  • (Eng.), the House of Peers.
Webster 1913

second fiddle

  • noun someone who serves in a subordinate capacity or plays a secondary role
    second banana.
  • noun a secondary role or function
    • he hated to play second fiddle to anyone
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second gear

  • noun the gear that has the second lowest forward gear ratio in the gear box of a motor vehicle
    second.
    • he had to shift down into second to make the hill
WordNet

Second girl

  • a female house-servant who does the lighter work, as chamber work or waiting on table.
Webster 1913

second growth

  • noun a second growth of trees covering an area where the original stand was destroyed by fire or cutting
WordNet

second half

  • noun the second of two halves of play
    last half.
WordNet

Second hand

  • noun an intermediate person; used in the phrase `at second hand'
    • he could learn at second hand from books
  • noun hand marking seconds on a timepiece
  • adverb from a source of previously owned goods
    • I prefer to buy second hand
WordNet
  • the hand which marks the seconds on the dial of a watch or a clock.
Webster 1913

Second intention

  • . See under Intention.
Webster 1913

second joint

  • noun the upper joint of the leg of a fowl
    thigh.
WordNet

second lateran council

  • noun the second council of the Western Church in 1139 which put an end to the dogmatic errors of Arnold of Brescia
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second law of motion

  • noun the rate of change of momentum is proportional to the imposed force and goes in the direction of the force
    Newton's second law; Newton's second law of motion.
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second law of thermodynamics

  • noun a law stating that mechanical work can be derived from a body only when that body interacts with another at a lower temperature; any spontaneous process results in an increase of entropy
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second lieutenant

  • noun a commissioned officer in the Army or Air Force or Marine Corps holding the lowest rank
    2nd lieutenant.
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second marquis of rockingham

  • noun English statesman who served as prime minister and who opposed the war with the American colonies (1730-1782)
    Rockingham; Charles Watson-Wentworth.
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second moment

  • noun the expected value of the square of the deviations of a random variable from the point of origin
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second mortgage

  • noun a mortgage that is subordinate to a first mortgage
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second nature

  • noun acquired behavior that is practiced so long it seems innate
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second period

  • noun the second division into which the play of a game is divided
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second person

  • noun pronouns and verbs used to refer to the person addressed by the language in which they occur
WordNet

second power

  • noun the product of two equal terms
    square.
    • nine is the second power of three
    • gravity is inversely proportional to the square of the distance
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second reading

  • noun the second presentation of a bill in a legislature; to approve its general principles (Britain) or to discuss a committee's report and take a vote (US)
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second reich

  • noun the Reich when Hohenzollern monarchs ruled Germany (from 1871 to 1919)
    Hohenzollern empire.
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second sacker

  • noun (baseball) the person who plays second base
    second baseman.
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second sight

  • noun apparent power to perceive things that are not present to the senses
    ESP; extrasensory perception; clairvoyance; E.S.P..
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second stomach

  • noun the second compartment of the stomach of a ruminant
    reticulum.
WordNet

Second story, Story floor

  • in America, the second range of rooms from the street level. This, in England, is called the first floor, the one beneath being the ground floor.
Webster 1913

second string

  • noun a squad of players that are available either individually or as a team to relieve or replace the players who started the game
WordNet

second thought

  • noun thinking again about a choice previously made
    rethink; afterthought; reconsideration.
    • he had second thoughts about his purchase
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Second thoughtthoughts

  • consideration of a matter following a first impulse or impression; reconsideration.
    On second thoughts, gentlemen, I don't wish you had known him. Dickens.
Webster 1913

second trimester

  • noun time period extending from the 13th to the 27th week of gestation
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second vatican council

  • noun the Vatican Council in 1962-1965 that abandoned the universal Latin liturgy and acknowledged ecumenism and made other reforms
    Vatican II.
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second wind

  • noun renewed energy or strength to continue an undertaking
    • She had dinner and got a second wind to finish painting
    • the employers, initially taken by surprise at the pace of developments, regained their second wind
  • noun the return of relatively easy breathing after initial exhaustion during continuous exertion
WordNet

second world war

  • noun a war between the Allies (Australia, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Ethiopia, France, Greece, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, India, Iran, Iraq, Luxembourg, Mexico, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Philippines, Poland, South Africa, United Kingdom, United States, USSR, Yugoslavia) and the Axis (Albania, Bulgaria, Finland, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Rumania, Slovakia, Thailand) from 1939 to 1945
    World War 2; World War II.
WordNet

second-best

  • adjective satellite next to the best
    • his second-best bed
  • adverb in second place
    • he came off second-best
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second-class

  • adjective satellite of inferior status or quality
    • a second-class citizen
    • second-class accommodations
WordNet
Sec"ond-class` adjective
Definitions
  1. Of the rank or degree below the best highest; inferior; second-rate; as, a second-class house; a second-class passage.
Webster 1913

Second-cut file

  • . See under File.
Webster 1913

second-degree burn

  • noun burn causing blisters on the skin and superficial destruction of the dermis
WordNet

second-guess

  • verb attempt to anticipate or predict
    outguess.
  • verb evaluate or criticize with hindsight
WordNet

second-hand speech

  • noun overheard conversation (especially overheard cellphone conversation)
WordNet

second-hand store

  • noun a shop that sells secondhand goods at reduced prices
    thriftshop.
WordNet

second-in-command

  • noun someone who relieves a commander
WordNet

second-place finish

  • noun a finish in second place (as in a race)
    runner-up finish.
WordNet

second-rate

  • adjective satellite moderate to inferior in quality
    mediocre.
    • they improved the quality from mediocre to above average
WordNet
Sec"ond-rate` adjective
Definitions
  1. Of the second size, rank, quality, or value; as, a second-rate ship; second-rate cloth; a second-rate champion. Dryden.
Webster 1913

second-rater

  • noun a person of second-rate ability or value
    mediocrity.
    • a team of aging second-raters
    • shone among the mediocrities who surrounded him
WordNet

second-sight

Sec"ond-sight` noun
Definitions
  1. The power of discerning what is not visible to the physical eye, or of foreseeing future events, esp. such as are of a disastrous kind; the capacity of a seer; prophetic vision.
    he was seized with a fit of second-sight. Addison.
    Nor less availed his optic sleight, And Scottish gift of second-sight. Trumbull.
Webster 1913

second-sighted

  • adjective satellite foreseeing the future
    clairvoyant; precognitive.
WordNet
Sec"ond-sight`ed adjective
Definitions
  1. Having the power of second-sight. Addison.
Webster 1913

second-string

  • adjective satellite being a replacement or substitute for a regular member of a team
    second-string.
    • a second-string pitcher
WordNet

second-stringer

  • noun an athlete who plays only when a starter on the team is replaced
    substitute; reserve.
  • adjective satellite being a replacement or substitute for a regular member of a team
    second-string.
    • a second-string pitcher
WordNet

second-year

  • adjective satellite used of the second year in United States high school or college
    sophomore.
    • the sophomore class
    • his sophomore year
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split second

  • noun a very short time (as the time it takes the eye to blink or the heart to beat)
    instant; wink; blink of an eye; flash; New York minute; twinkling; jiffy; heartbeat; trice.
    • if I had the chance I'd do it in a flash
WordNet

sweep-second

  • noun a second hand that is mounted on the same center as the hour and minute hand and is read on the minutes
    sweep hand.
WordNet

The second death

  • condemnation to eternal separation from God. Rev. ii. 11.
Webster 1913

thirty-second

  • noun one part in thirty-two equal parts
    thirty-second; one-thirty-second.
  • adjective satellite the ordinal number of thirty-two in counting order
    32nd.
WordNet
Thir"ty-sec`ond adjective
Definitions
  1. Being one of thirty-two equal parts into which anything is divided.
Webster 1913

Thirty-second note

  • noun a musical note having the time value of a thirty-second of a whole note
    demisemiquaver.
WordNet
  • (Mus.), the thirty-second part of a whole note; a demi-semiquaver.
Webster 1913

thirty-second part

  • noun one part in thirty-two equal parts
    thirty-second; one-thirty-second.
WordNet

To heal by the second intention

  • (Surg.), to unite after suppuration.
Webster 1913

To play first, ∨ second, fiddle

  • to take a leading or a subordinate part. Colloq.
Webster 1913

trillion floating point operations per second

  • noun (computer science) a unit for measuring the speed of a computer system
    teraflop.
WordNet

twelfth-second

Twelfth"-sec`ond noun
Definitions
  1. (Physics) A unit for the measurement of small intervals of time, such that 1012 (ten trillion) of these units make one second.
Webster 1913

twenty-second

  • adjective satellite coming next after the twenty-first in position
    22nd.
WordNet

Union by the first, ∨ second, intention

  • . (Surg.) See To heal by the first, ∨ second, intention, under Intention.
Webster 1913

united society of believers in christ's second appearing

  • noun a celibate and communistic Christian sect in the United States
    Shakers.
WordNet

watt second

  • noun a unit of electrical energy equal to the work done when a current of one ampere passes through a resistance of one ohm for one second
    joule; J.
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