noun a tax deduction that is granted in order to encourage a particular type of commercial activity
noun a snack taken during a break in the work day
a ten-minute coffee break
the British have tea breaks
To beat, ∨ break, the record
(Sporting), to surpass any performance of like kind as authoritatively recorded; as, to break the record in a walking match.
To bite the ground, To break ground
. See under Bite, Break.
To break (one) all up
to unsettle or disconcert completely; to upset. Colloq.
To break a deer ∨ stag
to cut it up and apportion the parts among those entitled to a share.
To break a house
(Law), to remove or set aside with violence and a felonious intent any part of a house or of the fastenings provided to secure it.
To break a jest
to utter a jest. "Patroclus . . . the livelong day break scurril jests." Shak.
To break a lance
to engage in a tilt or contest.
To break a path, road, etc.,
to open a way through obstacles by force or labor.
To break away
to disengage one's self abruptly; to come or go away against resistance.
To break bulk
to destroy the entirety of a load by removing a portion of it; to begin to unload; also, to transfer in detail, as from boats to cars.
(Naut.), to begin to unload or more the cargo.
To break cover
to burst forth from a protecting concealment, as game when hunted.
to start from a covert or lair; said of game.
To break down
. (a) To come down by breaking; as, the coach broke down. (b) To fail in any undertaking.
He had broken down almost at the outset.
. (a) To crush; to overwhelm; as, to break down one's strength; to break down opposition. (b) To remove, or open a way through, by breaking; as, to break down a door or wall.
To break fast
to partake of food after abstinence. See Breakfast.
To break forth
to issue; to come out suddenly, as sound, light, etc. "Then shall thy light break forth as the morning."
Isa. lviii. 8;often with into in expressing or giving vent to one's feelings. "Break forth into singing, ye mountains." Isa. xliv. 23.
To break from
to go away from abruptly.
This radiant from the circling crowd he broke.
To break gates
(Eng. Univ.), to enter a college inclosure after the hour to which a student has been restricted.
To break ground
. (a) To open the earth as for planting; to commence excavation, as for building, siege operations, and the like; as, to break ground for a foundation, a canal, or a railroad. (b) Fig.: To begin to execute any plan. (c)(Naut.) To release the anchor from the bottom.
To break in
. (a) To force in; as, to break in a door. (b) To train; to discipline; as, a horse well broken in.
To break in upon
to enter or approach violently or unexpectedly. "This, this is he; softly awhile; let us not break in upon him." Milton.
To break into
to enter by breaking; as, to break into a house.
To break jail
to escape from confinement in jail, usually by forcible means.
To break joints
to lay or arrange bricks, shingles, etc., so that the joints in one course shall not coincide with those in the preceding course.
To break loose
. (a) To extricate one's self forcibly. "Who would not, finding way, break loose from hell?" Milton.(b) To cast off restraint, as of morals or propriety.
To break no square
to give no offense; to make no difference. Obs.
To break no squares
to create no trouble. Obs.
To break of
to rid of; to cause to abandon; as, to break one of a habit.
To break off
. (a) To become separated by rupture, or with suddenness and violence. (b) To desist or cease suddenly. "Nay, forward, old man; do not break off so." Shak.
. (a) To separate by breaking; as, to break off a twig. (b) To stop suddenly; to abandon. "Break off thy sins by righteousness." Dan. iv. 27.
To break off from
to desist from; to abandon, as a habit.
To break one's fast
to put an end to a period of abstinence by taking food; especially, to take one's morning meal; to breakfast.
To break open
to open by breaking. "Open the door, or I will break it open." Shak.
To break out
to take or force out by breaking; as, to break out a pane of glass .
. (a) To burst forth; to escape from restraint; to appear suddenly, as a fire or an epidemic. "For in the wilderness shall waters break out, and stream in the desert." Isa. xxxv. 6(b) To show itself in cutaneous eruptions; said of a disease. (c) To have a rash or eruption on the akin; said of a patient.
To break out a cargo
to unstow a cargo, so as to unload it easily.
To break over
to overflow; to go beyond limits.
To break sheer
(Naut.), to deviate from sheer, and risk fouling the anchor.
To break squares
to depart from an accustomed order.
To break the back
. (a) To dislocate the backbone; hence, to disable totally. (b) To get through the worst part of; as, to break the back of a difficult undertaking.
To break the heart
to crush or overwhelm (one) with grief.
To break the heart of
. (a) To bring to despair or hopeless grief; to cause to be utterly cast down by sorrow. (b) To bring almost to completion; to finish very nearly; said of anything undertaken; as, he has broken the heart of the task.
To break the ice
to get through first difficulties; to overcome obstacles and make a beginning; to introduce a subject.
To break the neck
to dislocate the joints of the neck.
To break the neck of
to destroy the main force of. "What they presume to borrow from her sage and virtuous rules... breaks the neck of their own cause." Milton. = break the back of
To break through
. (a) To make an opening through, as, as by violence or the force of gravity; to pass violently through; as, to break through the enemy's lines; to break through the ice. (b) To disregard; as, to break through the ceremony.
To break up
. (a) To separate into parts; to plow (new or fallow ground). "Break up this capon." Shak. "Break up your fallow ground."
Jer. iv. 3. (b) To dissolve; to put an end to. "Break up the court." Shak.
. (a) To become separated into parts or fragments; as, the ice break up in the rivers; the wreck will break up in the next storm. (b) To disperse. "The company breaks up." I. Watts.
To break upon
to discover itself suddenly to; to dawn upon.
To break upon a wheel
to execute or torture, as a criminal by stretching him upon a wheel, and breaking his limbs with an iron bar; a mode of punishment formerly employed in some countries.
To break wind
to give vent to wind from the anus.
To break with
. (a) To fall out; to sever one's relations with; to part friendship. "It can not be the Volsces dare break with us." Shak. "If she did not intend to marry Clive, she should have broken with him altogether." Thackeray.(b) To come to an explanation; to enter into conference; to speak. Obs. "I will break with her and with her father." Shak.
To-break" transitive verb
Pref. to- + break.
To break completely; to break in pieces. Obs.
With nose and mouth to-broke.
Wind"-break` transitive verb
To break the wind of; to cause to lose breath; to exhaust. R.
'T would wind-break a mule to vie burdens with her.
A clump of trees serving for a protection against the force of wind. Local, U. S.
Having the power of breathing impaired by the rupture, dilatation, or running together of air cells of the lungs, so that while the inspiration is by one effort, the expiration is by two; affected with pulmonary emphysema or with heaves; -- said of a horse.Youatt.