noun a quantity of money
amount of money; amount; sum of money.
- he borrowed a large sum
- the amount he had in cash was insufficient
noun a quantity obtained by the addition of a group of numbers
noun the final aggregate
summation; sum total.
- the sum of all our troubles did not equal the misery they suffered
noun the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience
kernel; substance; center; centre; nitty-gritty; essence; meat; heart; pith; nub; heart and soul; core; inwardness; marrow; gist.
- the gist of the prosecutor's argument
- the heart and soul of the Republican Party
- the nub of the story
noun the whole amount
aggregate; total; totality.
noun a set containing all and only the members of two or more given sets
- let C be the union of the sets A and B
verb be a summary of
summarize; summarise; sum up.
- The abstract summarizes the main ideas in the paper
verb determine the sum of
tot up; add up; tally; tote up; tot; add; summate; total; sum up; add together.
- Add all the people in this town to those of the neighboring town
, OF. sume
, F. somme
, L. summa
, fr. summus
highest, a superlative from sub
under. See Sub-
, and cf. Supreme
- The aggregate of two or more numbers, magnitudes, quantities, or particulars; the amount or whole of any number of individuals or particulars added together; as, the sum of 5 and 7 is 12.
Take ye the sum of all the congregation.
Num. i. 2.
✍ Sum is now commonly applied to an aggregate of numbers, and number to an aggregate of persons or things.
- A quantity of money or currency; any amount, indefinitely; as, a sum of money; a small sum, or a large sum. "The sum of forty pound."
With a great sum obtained I this freedom.
Acts xxii. 28.
- The principal points or thoughts when viewed together; the amount; the substance; compendium; as, this is the sum of all the evidence in the case; this is the sum and substance of his objections.
- Height; completion; utmost degree.
Thus have I told thee all my state, and brought
My story to the sum of earthly bliss.
- (Arith.) A problem to be solved, or an example to be wrought out.
A sum in arithmetic wherein a flaw discovered at a particular point is ipso facto fatal to the whole.
A large sheet of paper . . . covered with long sums.
Sum transitive verb
Cf. F. sommer
, LL. summare
imperfect & past participle Summed ; present participle & verbal noun Summing
- To bring together into one whole; to collect into one amount; to cast up, as a column of figures; to ascertain the totality of; -- usually with up.
The mind doth value every moment, and then the hour doth rather sum up the moments, than divide the day.
- To bring or collect into a small compass; to comprise in a few words; to condense; -- usually with up.
"Go to the ant, thou sluggard," in few words sums up the moral of this fable.
He sums their virtues in himself alone.
- (Falconry) To have (the feathers) full grown; to furnish with complete, or full-grown, plumage.
But feathered soon and fledge
They summed their pens [wings].
Syn. -- To cast up; collect; comprise; condense; comprehend; compute.
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"Rowling never met an adverb she didn't like."
-Stephen King on J.K Rowling's excessive use of adverbs.
Fear not the Adverb Hell!