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part Meaning, Definition & Usage

  1. noun something determined in relation to something that includes it
    component part; portion; component; constituent.
    • he wanted to feel a part of something bigger than himself
    • I read a portion of the manuscript
    • the smaller component is hard to reach
    • the animal constituent of plankton
  2. noun something less than the whole of a human artifact
    • the rear part of the house
    • glue the two parts together
  3. noun a portion of a natural object
    • they analyzed the river into three parts
    • he needed a piece of granite
  4. noun that which concerns a person with regard to a particular role or situation
    • it requires vigilance on our part
    • they resisted every effort on his part
  5. noun the extended spatial location of something
    • the farming regions of France
    • religions in all parts of the world
    • regions of outer space
  6. noun the actions and activities assigned to or required or expected of a person or group
    function; role; office.
    • the function of a teacher
    • the government must do its part
    • play its role
  7. noun an actor's portrayal of someone in a play
    role; character; persona; theatrical role.
    • she played the part of Desdemona
  8. noun assets belonging to or due to or contributed by an individual person or group
    portion; share; percentage.
    • he wanted his share in cash
  9. noun one of the portions into which something is regarded as divided and which together constitute a whole
    division; section.
    • the written part of the exam
    • the finance section of the company
    • the BBC's engineering division
  10. noun a line of scalp that can be seen when sections of hair are combed in opposite directions
    • his part was right in the middle
  11. noun the melody carried by a particular voice or instrument in polyphonic music
    • he tried to sing the tenor part
  12. noun the part played by a person in bringing about a result
    contribution; share.
    • I am proud of my contribution in advancing the project
    • they all did their share of the work
  13. verb go one's own way; move apart
    split; separate.
    • The friends separated after the party
  14. verb discontinue an association or relation; go different ways
    break; break up; separate; split up; split.
    • The business partners broke over a tax question
    • The couple separated after 25 years of marriage
    • My friend and I split up
  15. verb leave
    depart; set forth; set off; start out; start; set out; take off.
    • The family took off for Florida
  16. verb come apart
    divide; separate.
    • The two pieces that we had glued separated
  17. verb force, take, or pull apart
    disunite; divide; separate.
    • He separated the fighting children
    • Moses parted the Red Sea
  18. adverb in part; in some degree; not wholly
    partly; partially.
    • I felt partly to blame
    • He was partially paralyzed

Part noun
F. part, L. pars, gen. partis; cf. parere to bring forth, produce. Cf. Parent, Depart, Parcel, Partner, Party, Portion.
  1. One of the portions, equal or unequal, into which anything is divided, or regarded as divided; something less than a whole; a number, quantity, mass, or the like, regarded as going to make up, with others, a larger number, quantity, mass, etc., whether actually separate or not; a piece; a fragment; a fraction; a division; a member; a constituent.
    And kept back part of the price, . . . and brought a certain part and laid it at the apostles'feet. Acts v. 2.
    Our ideas of extension and number -- do they not contain a secret relation of the parts ? Locke.
    I am a part of all that I have met. Tennyson.
  2. Hence, specifically: (a) An equal constituent portion; one of several or many like quantities, numbers, etc., into which anything is divided, or of which it is composed; proportional division or ingredient.
    An homer is the tenth part of an ephah. Ex. xvi. 36.
    A thought which, quartered, hath but one part wisdom, And ever three parts coward. Shak.
    (b) A constituent portion of a living or spiritual whole; a member; an organ; an essential element.
    All the parts were formed . . . into one harmonious body. Locke.
    The pulse, the glow of every part. Keble.
    (c) A constituent of character or capacity; quality; faculty; talent; -- usually in the plural with a collective sense. "Men of considerable parts." Burke. "Great quickness of parts." Macaulay.
    Which maintained so politic a state of evil, that they will not admit any good part to intermingle with them. Shak.
    (d) Quarter; region; district; -- usually in the plural. "The uttermost part of the heaven." Neh. i. 9.
    All parts resound with tumults, plaints, and fears. Dryden.
    (e) (Math.) Such portion of any quantity, as when taken a certain number of times, will exactly make that quantity; as, 3 is a part of 12; -- the opposite of multiple. Also, a line or other element of a geometrical figure.
  3. That which belongs to one, or which is assumed by one, or which falls to one, in a division or apportionment; share; portion; lot; interest; concern; duty; office.
    We have no part in David. 2 Sam. xx. 1.
    Accuse not Nature! she hath done her part; Do thou but thine. Milton.
    Let me bear My part of danger with an equal share. Dryden.
  4. Hence, specifically: (a) One of the opposing parties or sides in a conflict or a controversy; a faction.
    For he that is not against us is on our part. Mark ix. 40.
    Make whole kingdoms take her brother's part. Waller.
    (b) A particular character in a drama or a play; an assumed personification; also, the language, actions, and influence of a character or an actor in a play; or, figuratively, in real life. See To act a part, under Act.
    That part Was aptly fitted and naturally performed. Shak.
    It was a brute part of him to kill so capital a calf. Shak.
    Honor and shame from no condition rise; Act well your part, there all the honor lies. Pope.
    (c) (Mus.) One of the different melodies of a concerted composition, which heard in union compose its harmony; also, the music for each voice or instrument; as, the treble, tenor, or bass part; the violin part, etc. Syn. -- Portion; section; division; fraction; fragment; piece; share; constituent. See Portion, and Section.
Part transitive verb
F. partir, L. partire, partiri, p. p. partitus, fr. pars, gen. partis, a part. See Part, n.
imperfect & past participle Parted; present participle & verbal noun Parting
  1. To divide; to separate into distinct parts; to break into two or more parts or pieces; to sever. "Thou shalt part it in pieces." Lev. ii. 6.
    There, [celestial love] parted into rainbow hues. Keble.
  2. To divide into shares; to divide and distribute; to allot; to apportion; to share.
    To part his throne, and share his heaven with thee. Pope.
    They parted my raiment among them. John xix. 24.
  3. To separate or disunite; to cause to go apart; to remove from contact or contiguity; to sunder.
    The Lord do so to me, and more also, if aught but death part thee and me. Ruth i. 17.
    While he blessed them, he was parted from them, and carried up into heaven. Luke xxiv. 51.
    The narrow seas that part The French and English. Shak.
  4. Hence: To hold apart; to stand between; to intervene betwixt, as combatants.
    The stumbling night did part our weary powers. Shak.
  5. To separate by a process of extraction, elimination, or secretion; as, to part gold from silver.
    The liver minds his own affair, . . . And parts and strains the vital juices. Prior.
  6. To leave; to quit. Obs.
    Since presently your souls must part your bodies. Shak.
Part intransitive verb
  1. To be broken or divided into parts or pieces; to break; to become separated; to go asunder; as, rope parts; his hair parts in the middle.
  2. To go away; to depart; to take leave; to quit each other; hence, to die; -- often with from.
    He wrung Bassanio's hand, and so they parted. Shak.
    He owned that he had parted from the duke only a few hours before. Macaulay.
    His precious bag, which he would by no means part from. G. Eliot.
  3. To perform an act of parting; to relinquish a connection of any kind; -- followed by with or from.
    Celia, for thy sake, I part With all that grew so near my heart. Waller.
    Powerful hands . . . will not part Easily from possession won with arms. Milton.
    It was strange to him that a father should feel no tenderness at parting with an only son. A. Trollope.
  4. To have a part or share; to partake. Obs. "They shall part alike." 1 Sam. xxx. 24.
Part adverb
  1. Partly; in a measure. R. Shak.

Webster 1913