down Meaning, Definition & Usage
noun soft fine feathers
noun (American football) a complete play to advance the football
- you have four downs to gain ten yards
noun English physician who first described Down's syndrome (1828-1896)
John L. H. Down.
noun (usually plural) a rolling treeless highland with little soil
noun fine soft dense hair (as the fine short hair of cattle or deer or the wool of sheep or the undercoat of certain dogs)
verb drink down entirely
drink down; bolt down; pour down; pop; belt down; kill; toss off.
- He downed three martinis before dinner
- She killed a bottle of brandy that night
- They popped a few beer after work
verb eat immoderately
go through; devour; consume.
- Some people can down a pound of meat in the course of one meal
verb bring down or defeat (an opponent)
verb shoot at and force to come down
land; shoot down.
- the enemy landed several of our aircraft
verb cause to come or go down
knock down; push down; pull down; cut down.
- The policeman downed the heavily armed suspect
- The mugger knocked down the old lady after she refused to hand over her wallet
verb improve or perfect by pruning or polishing
polish; fine-tune; refine.
- refine one's style of writing
adjective being or moving lower in position or less in some value
- lay face down
- the moon is down
- our team is down by a run
- down by a pawn
- the stock market is down today
adjective satellite extending or moving from a higher to a lower place
- the down staircase
- the downward course of the stream
adjective satellite becoming progressively lower
- the down trend in the real estate market
adjective satellite being put out by a strikeout
- two down in the bottom of the ninth
adjective satellite understood perfectly
down pat; mastered.
- had his algebra problems down
adjective satellite lower than previously
- the market is depressed
- prices are down
adjective satellite shut
- the shades were down
adjective satellite not functioning (temporarily or permanently)
- we can't work because the computer is down
adjective satellite filled with melancholy and despondency
blue; downhearted; dispirited; down in the mouth; depressed; downcast; gloomy; low; low-spirited; grim.
- gloomy at the thought of what he had to face
- gloomy predictions
- a gloomy silence
- took a grim view of the economy
- the darkening mood
- lonely and blue in a strange city
- depressed by the loss of his job
- a dispirited and resigned expression on her face
- downcast after his defeat
- feeling discouraged and downhearted
adverb spatially or metaphorically from a higher to a lower level or position
downward; downwards; downwardly.
- don't fall down
- rode the lift up and skied down
- prices plunged downward
adverb away from a more central or a more northerly place
- was sent down to work at the regional office
- worked down on the farm
- came down for the wedding
- flew down to Florida
adverb paid in cash at time of purchase
- put ten dollars down on the necklace
adverb from an earlier time
- the story was passed down from father to son
adverb to a lower intensity
- he slowly phased down the light until the stage was completely black
adverb in an inactive or inoperative state
- the factory went down during the strike
- the computer went down again
EtymologyAkin to LG.
Fine, soft, hairy outgrowth from the skin or surface of animals or plants, not matted and fleecy like wool; esp.: (a) (Zoöl.) The soft under feathers of birds. They have short stems with soft rachis and bards and long threadlike barbules, without hooklets. (b) (Bot.) The pubescence of plants; the hairy crown or envelope of the seeds of certain plants, as of the thistle. (c) The soft hair of the face when beginning to appear.
And the first down begins to shade his face. Dryden.
That which is made of down, as a bed or pillow; that which affords ease and repose, like a bed of down
When in the down I sink my head, Sleep, Death's twin brother, times my breath. Tennyson.
Thou bosom softness, down of all my cares! Southern.
Down transitive verb
To cover, ornament, line, or stuff with down.R. Young.
A bank or rounded hillock of sand thrown up by the wind along or near the shore; a flattish-topped hill; -- usually in the plural.
Hills afford prospects, as they must needs acknowledge who have been on the downs of Sussex. Ray.
She went by dale, and she went by down. Tennyson.
A tract of poor, sandy, undulating or hilly land near the sea, covered with fine turf which serves chiefly for the grazing of sheep; -- usually in the plural.Eng.
Seven thousand broad-tailed sheep grazed on his downs. Sandys.
A road for shipping in the English Channel or Straits of Dover, near Deal, employed as a naval rendezvous in time of war.
On the 11th [June, 1771] we run up the channel . . . at noon we were abreast of Dover, and about three came to an anchor in the Downs, and went ashore at Deal. Cook (First Voyage).
From the adverb. A state of depression; low state; abasement.Colloq.
It the downs of life too much outnumber the ups. M. Arnold.
In the direction of gravity or toward the center of the earth; toward or in a lower place or position; below; -- the opposite of up.
- Hence, in many derived uses, as:
(a) From a higher to a lower position, literally or figuratively; in a descending direction; from the top of an ascent; from an upright position; to the ground or floor; to or into a lower or an inferior condition; as, into a state of humility, disgrace, misery, and the like; into a state of rest; -- used with verbs indicating motion.
It will be rain to-night. Let it come down. Shak.
I sit me down beside the hazel grove. Tennyson.
And that drags down his life. Tennyson.
There is not a more melancholy object in the learned world than a man who has written himself down. Addison.
The French . . . shone down [i. e., outshone] the English. Shak.
(b) In a low or the lowest position, literally or figuratively; at the bottom of a decent; below the horizon; of the ground; in a condition of humility, dejection, misery, and the like; in a state of quiet.
I was down and out of breath. Shak.
The moon is down; I have not heard the clock. Shak.
He that is down needs fear no fall. Bunyan.
From a remoter or higher antiquity.
Venerable men! you have come down to us from a former generation. D. Webster.
From a greater to a less bulk, or from a thinner to a thicker consistence;Arbuthnot. as, to boil. downin cookery, or in making decoctions ✍ Down is sometimes used elliptically, standing for go down, come down, tear down, take down, put down, haul down, pay down, and the like, especially in command or exclamation.
Down, therefore, and beg mercy of the duke. Shak.
If he be hungry more than wanton, bread alone will down. Locke.Down is also used intensively; as, to be loaded down; to fall down; to hang down; to drop down; to pay down.
The temple of Herè at Argos was burnt down. Jowett (Thucyd. ).Down, as well as up, is sometimes used in a conventional sense; as, down East.
Persons in London say down to Scotland, etc., and those in the provinces, up to London. Stormonth.
In a descending direction along; from a higher to a lower place upon or within; at a lower place in or on; as, downa hill; downa well.
Hence: Towards the mouth of a river; towards the sea; as, to sail or swim downa stream; to sail downthe sound.
Down transitive verb
To cause to go down; to make descend; to put down; to overthrow, as in wrestling; hence, to subdue; to bring down.Archaic or Colloq. "To down proud hearts." Sir P. Sidney.
I remember how you downed Beauclerk and Hamilton, the wits, once at our house. Madame D'Arblay.
Down intransitive verb
To go down; to descend.Locke.
Downcast;R. as, a. downlook
Downright; absolute; positive;Obs. Beau. & Fl. as, a. downdenial
Downward; going down; sloping; as, a downstroke; a downgrade; a downtrain on a railway. = down at the mouth
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