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compensation Meaning, Definition & Usage

  1. noun something (such as money) given or received as payment or reparation (as for a service or loss or injury)
  2. noun (psychiatry) a defense mechanism that conceals your undesirable shortcomings by exaggerating desirable behaviors
  3. noun the act of compensating for service or loss or injury

Com`pen*sa"tion noun
L. compensatio a weighing, a balancing of accounts.
  1. The act or principle of compensating. Emerson.
  2. That which constitutes, or is regarded as, an equivalent; that which makes good the lack or variation of something else; that which compensates for loss or privation; amends; remuneration; recompense.
    The parliament which dissolved the monastic foundations . . . vouchsafed not a word toward securing the slightest compensation to the dispossessed owners. Hallam.
    No pecuniary compensation can possibly reward them. Burke.
  3. (Law) (a)The extinction of debts of which two persons are reciprocally debtors by the credits of which they are reciprocally creditors; the payment of a debt by a credit of equal amount; a set-off. Bouvier. Wharton. (b) A recompense or reward for some loss or service. (c) An equivalent stipulated for in contracts for the sale of real eatate, in which it is customary to privide that errors in description, etc., shall not avoid, but shall be the subject of compensation. Syn. -- Recompense; reward; indemnification; consideration; requital; satisfaction; set-off.

Webster 1913