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transcendentalist (Also transcendentalists) : Related Words Words similar in meaning to transcendentalist

jeremy_bentham

  • noun English philosopher and jurist; founder of utilitarianism (1748-1831)
    Bentham.

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kongfuze

  • noun Chinese philosopher whose ideas and sayings were collected after his death and became the basis of a philosophical doctrine known a Confucianism (circa 551-478 BC)
    Confucius; K'ung Futzu; Kong the Master.

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giordano_bruno

  • noun Italian philosopher who used Copernican principles to develop a pantheistic monistic philosophy; condemned for heresy by the Inquisition and burned at the stake (1548-1600)
    Bruno.

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martin_heidegger

  • noun German philosopher whose views on human existence in a world of objects and on Angst influenced the existential philosophers (1889-1976)
    Heidegger.

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empiricist_philosophy

  • noun (philosophy) the doctrine that knowledge derives from experience
    sensationalism; empiricism.

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george_edward_moore

  • noun English philosopher (1873-1958)
    Moore; G. E. Moore.

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platonism

  • noun (philosophy) the philosophical doctrine that abstract concepts exist independent of their names
    realism.

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blaise_pascal

  • noun French mathematician and philosopher and Jansenist; invented an adding machine; contributed (with Fermat) to the theory of probability (1623-1662)
    Pascal.

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hegelian

  • noun a follower of the thought of Hegel
  • adjective of or relating to Hegel or his dialectic philosophy

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ernst_cassirer

  • noun German philosopher concerned with concept formation in the human mind and with symbolic forms in human culture generally (1874-1945)
    Cassirer.

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reality

  • noun all of your experiences that determine how things appear to you
    world.
    • his world was shattered
    • we live in different worlds
    • for them demons were as much a part of reality as trees were
  • noun the state of being actual or real
    realness; realism.
    • the reality of his situation slowly dawned on him

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russell

  • noun United States religious leader who founded the sect that is now called Jehovah's Witnesses (1852-1916)
    Charles Taze Russell.
  • noun English film director (born in 1927)
    Henry Kenneth Alfred Russell; Ken Russell.

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ernst_mach

  • noun Austrian physicist and philosopher who introduced the Mach number and who founded logical positivism (1838-1916)
    Mach.

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1st_baron_verulam

  • noun English statesman and philosopher; precursor of British empiricism; advocated inductive reasoning (1561-1626)
    Sir Francis Bacon; Baron Verulam; Viscount St. Albans; Bacon; Francis Bacon.

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transcendental_philosophy

  • noun any system of philosophy emphasizing the intuitive and spiritual above the empirical and material
    transcendentalism.

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cleanthes

  • noun ancient Greek philosopher who succeeded Zeno of Citium as the leader of the Stoic school (300-232 BC)

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morals

  • noun motivation based on ideas of right and wrong
    ethics; ethical motive; morality.
  • noun the significance of a story or event
    lesson; moral.
    • the moral of the story is to love thy neighbor

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thomas_hobbes

  • noun English materialist and political philosopher who advocated absolute sovereignty as the only kind of government that could resolve problems caused by the selfishness of human beings (1588-1679)
    Hobbes.

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sir_sarvepalli_radhakrishnan

  • noun Indian philosopher and statesman who introduced Indian philosophy to the West (1888-1975)
    Radhakrishnan; Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan.

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plato

  • noun ancient Athenian philosopher; pupil of Socrates; teacher of Aristotle (428-347 BC)

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charles_peirce

  • noun United States philosopher and logician; pioneer of pragmatism (1839-1914)
    Charles Sanders Peirce; Peirce.

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kong_the_master

  • noun Chinese philosopher whose ideas and sayings were collected after his death and became the basis of a philosophical doctrine known a Confucianism (circa 551-478 BC)
    Confucius; Kongfuze; K'ung Futzu.

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exalt

  • verb praise, glorify, or honor
    glorify; extol; laud; proclaim.
    • extol the virtues of one's children
    • glorify one's spouse's cooking
  • verb fill with sublime emotion
    thrill; tickle pink; inebriate; exhilarate; beatify.
    • The children were thrilled at the prospect of going to the movies
    • He was inebriated by his phenomenal success

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arendt

  • noun United States historian and political philosopher (born in Germany) (1906-1975)
    Hannah Arendt.

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martin_buber

  • noun Israeli religious philosopher (born in Austria); as a Zionist he promoted understanding between Jews and Arabs; his writings affected Christian thinkers as well as Jews (1878-1965)
    Buber.

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haeckel

  • noun German biologist and philosopher; advocated Darwinism and formulated the theory of recapitulation; was an exponent of materialistic monism (1834-1919)
    Ernst Heinrich Haeckel.

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transcendental

  • adjective satellite existing outside of or not in accordance with nature
    nonnatural; otherworldly; preternatural.
    • find transcendental motives for sublunary action"-Aldous Huxley
  • adjective of or characteristic of a system of philosophy emphasizing the intuitive and spiritual above the empirical and material

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sartre

  • noun French writer and existentialist philosopher (1905-1980)
    Jean-Paul Sartre.

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simone_weil

  • noun French philosopher (1909-1943)
    Weil.

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epicurus

  • noun Greek philosopher who believed that the world is a random combination of atoms and that pleasure is the highest good (341-270 BC)

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calvinist

  • noun an adherent of the theological doctrines of John Calvin
    Genevan.
  • adjective of or relating to or characteristic of Calvinism or its adherents
    Calvinistic; Calvinistical.

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rabbi_moses_ben_maimon

  • noun Spanish philosopher considered the greatest Jewish scholar of the Middle Ages who codified Jewish law in the Talmud (1135-1204)
    Moses Maimonides; Maimonides.

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sir_karl_raimund_popper

  • noun British philosopher (born in Austria) who argued that scientific theories can never be proved to be true, but are tested by attempts to falsify them (1902-1994)
    Karl Popper; Popper.

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empedocles

  • noun Greek philosopher who taught that all matter is composed of particles of fire and water and air and earth (fifth century BC)

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soren_aabye_kierkegaard

  • noun Danish philosopher who is generally considered. along with Nietzsche, to be a founder of existentialism (1813-1855)
    Soren Kierkegaard; Kierkegaard.

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willard_van_orman_quine

  • noun United States philosopher and logician who championed an empirical view of knowledge that depended on language (1908-2001)
    W. V. Quine; Quine.

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ethicism

  • noun a doctrine that ethics and ethical ideas are valid and important
    • his ethicism often led him to moralize

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jean-jacques_rousseau

  • noun French philosopher and writer born in Switzerland; believed that the natural goodness of man was warped by society; ideas influenced the French Revolution (1712-1778)
    Rousseau.

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montesquieu

  • noun French political philosopher who advocated the separation of executive and legislative and judicial powers (1689-1755)
    Baron de la Brede et de Montesquieu; Charles Louis de Secondat.

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bernard_arthur_owen_williams

  • noun English philosopher credited with reviving the field of moral philosophy (1929-2003)
    Sir Bernard Williams; Williams.

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de

  • noun a Mid-Atlantic state; one of the original 13 colonies
    Diamond State; Delaware; First State.

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diderot

  • noun French philosopher who was a leading figure of the Enlightenment in France; principal editor of an encyclopedia that disseminated the scientific and philosophical knowledge of the time (1713-1784)
    Denis Diderot.

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school

  • noun an educational institution
    • the school was founded in 1900
  • noun a building where young people receive education
    schoolhouse.
    • the school was built in 1932
    • he walked to school every morning

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john_mill

  • noun English philosopher and economist remembered for his interpretations of empiricism and utilitarianism (1806-1873)
    Mill; John Stuart Mill.

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k'ung_futzu

  • noun Chinese philosopher whose ideas and sayings were collected after his death and became the basis of a philosophical doctrine known a Confucianism (circa 551-478 BC)
    Confucius; Kongfuze; Kong the Master.

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aetiology

  • noun the cause of a disease
    etiology.
  • noun the philosophical study of causation
    etiology.

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realist

  • noun a philosopher who believes that universals are real and exist independently of anyone thinking of them
  • noun a person who accepts the world as it literally is and deals with it accordingly

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aristotelean

  • noun a follower of Aristotle or an adherent of Aristotelianism
    Peripatetic; Aristotelian.
  • adjective of or relating to Aristotle or his philosophy
    peripatetic; Aristotelic; Aristotelian.
    • Aristotelean logic

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mechanism

  • noun the atomic process that occurs during a chemical reaction
    chemical mechanism.
    • he determined unique mechanisms for the photochemical reactions
  • noun the technical aspects of doing something
    mechanics.
    • a mechanism of social control
    • mechanisms of communication
    • the mechanics of prose style

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anaximander

  • noun a presocratic Greek philosopher and student of Thales who believed the universal substance to be infinity rather than something resembling ordinary objects (611-547 BC)

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sir_bernard_williams

  • noun English philosopher credited with reviving the field of moral philosophy (1929-2003)
    Bernard Arthur Owen Williams; Williams.

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peirce

  • noun United States mathematician and astronomer remembered for his studies of Uranus and Saturn and Neptune (1809-1880)
    Benjamin Peirce.
  • noun United States philosopher and logician; pioneer of pragmatism (1839-1914)
    Charles Sanders Peirce; Charles Peirce.

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karl_marx

  • noun founder of modern communism; wrote the Communist Manifesto with Engels in 1848; wrote Das Kapital in 1867 (1818-1883)
    Marx.

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nominalist

  • noun a philosopher who has adopted the doctrine of nominalism

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ethicist

  • noun a philosopher who specializes in ethics
    ethician.

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lucretius

  • noun Roman philosopher and poet; in a long didactic poem he tried to provide a scientific explanation of the universe (96-55 BC)
    Titus Lucretius Carus.

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locke

  • noun English empiricist philosopher who believed that all knowledge is derived from sensory experience (1632-1704)
    John Locke.

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rene_descartes

  • noun French philosopher and mathematician; developed dualistic theory of mind and matter; introduced the use of coordinates to locate a point in two or three dimensions (1596-1650)
    Descartes.

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moore

  • noun United States composer of works noted for their use of the American vernacular (1893-1969)
    Douglas Moore.
  • noun English actor and comedian who appeared on television and in films (born in 1935)
    Dudley Stuart John Moore; Dudley Moore.

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esthetician

  • noun a worker skilled in giving beauty treatments (manicures and facials etc.)
    aesthetician.
  • noun a philosopher who specializes in the nature of beauty
    aesthetician.

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naturalist

  • noun an advocate of the doctrine that the world can be understood in scientific terms
  • noun a biologist knowledgeable about natural history (especially botany and zoology)
    natural scientist.

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george_berkeley

  • noun Irish philosopher and Anglican bishop who opposed the materialism of Thomas Hobbes (1685-1753)
    Bishop Berkeley; Berkeley.

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confucian

  • noun a believer in the teachings of Confucius
    Confucianist.
  • adjective relating to or characteristic of Confucianism
    • Confucian ethics

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bacon

  • noun back and sides of a hog salted and dried or smoked; usually sliced thin and fried
  • noun English scientist and Franciscan monk who stressed the importance of experimentation; first showed that air is required for combustion and first used lenses to correct vision (1220-1292)
    Roger Bacon.

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philosophical

  • adjective of or relating to philosophy or philosophers
    philosophic.
    • philosophical writing
    • a considerable knowledge of philosophical terminology
  • adjective satellite characterized by the attitude of a philosopher; meeting trouble with level-headed detachment
    philosophic.
    • philosophical resignation
    • a philosophic attitude toward life

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john_locke

  • noun English empiricist philosopher who believed that all knowledge is derived from sensory experience (1632-1704)
    Locke.

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school_of_thought

  • noun a belief (or system of beliefs) accepted as authoritative by some group or school
    philosophical system; philosophy; ism; doctrine.

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anaximenes

  • noun a presocratic Greek philosopher and associate of Anaximander who believed that all things are made of air in different degrees of density (6th century BC)

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hobbes

  • noun English materialist and political philosopher who advocated absolute sovereignty as the only kind of government that could resolve problems caused by the selfishness of human beings (1588-1679)
    Thomas Hobbes.

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aristotle

  • noun one of the greatest of the ancient Athenian philosophers; pupil of Plato; teacher of Alexander the Great (384-322 BC)

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abu_ali_al-husain_ibn_abdallah_ibn_sina

  • noun Arabian physician and influential Islamic philosopher; his interpretation of Aristotle influenced St. Thomas Aquinas; writings on medicine were important for almost 500 years (980-1037)
    ibn-Sina; Avicenna.

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mill

  • noun a plant consisting of one or more buildings with facilities for manufacturing
    factory; manufactory; manufacturing plant.
  • noun Scottish philosopher who expounded Bentham's utilitarianism; father of John Stuart Mill (1773-1836)
    James Mill.

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ethician

  • noun a philosopher who specializes in ethics
    ethicist.

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hartley

  • noun English philosopher who introduced the theory of the association of ideas (1705-1757)
    David Hartley.

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naturalism

  • noun (philosophy) the doctrine that the world can be understood in scientific terms without recourse to spiritual or supernatural explanations
  • noun an artistic movement in 19th century France; artists and writers strove for detailed realistic and factual description
    realism.

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dugald_stewart

  • noun Scottish philosopher and follower of Thomas Reid (1753-1828)
    Stewart.

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system

  • noun instrumentality that combines interrelated interacting artifacts designed to work as a coherent entity
    • he bought a new stereo system
    • the system consists of a motor and a small computer
  • noun a group of independent but interrelated elements comprising a unified whole
    scheme.
    • a vast system of production and distribution and consumption keep the country going

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ethical

  • adjective of or relating to the philosophical study of ethics
    • ethical codes
    • ethical theories
  • adjective conforming to accepted standards of social or professional behavior
    • an ethical lawyer
    • ethical medical practice
    • an ethical problem
    • had no ethical objection to drinking
    • Ours is a world of nuclear giants and ethical infants"- Omar N. Bradley

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perry

  • noun United States philosopher (1876-1957)
    Ralph Barton Perry.
  • noun United States admiral who led a naval expedition to Japan and signed a treaty in 1854 opening up trade relations between United States and Japan; brother of Oliver Hazard Perry (1794-1858)
    Matthew Calbraith Perry.

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johann_friedrich_herbart

  • noun German philosopher (1776-1841)
    Herbart.

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benedict_de_spinoza

  • noun Dutch philosopher who espoused a pantheistic system (1632-1677)
    de Spinoza; Spinoza; Baruch de Spinoza.

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edmund_husserl

  • noun German philosopher who developed phenomenology (1859-1938)
    Husserl.

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viscount_st._albans

  • noun English statesman and philosopher; precursor of British empiricism; advocated inductive reasoning (1561-1626)
    1st Baron Verulam; Sir Francis Bacon; Baron Verulam; Bacon; Francis Bacon.

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genevan

  • noun a native or resident of Geneva
  • noun an adherent of the theological doctrines of John Calvin
    Calvinist.

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earl_russell

  • noun English philosopher and mathematician who collaborated with Whitehead (1872-1970)
    Bertrand Russell; Russell; Bertrand Arthur William Russell.

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lully

  • noun Spanish philosopher (1235-1315)
    Ramon Lully; Raymond Lully.
  • noun French composer (born in Italy) who was the court composer to Louis XIV and founded the national French opera (1632-1687)
    Jean Baptiste Lully; Lulli; Giambattista Lulli.

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sensationalism

  • noun subject matter that is calculated to excite and please vulgar tastes
  • noun the journalistic use of subject matter that appeals to vulgar tastes
    luridness.
    • the tabloids relied on sensationalism to maintain their circulation

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tagore

  • noun Indian writer and philosopher whose poetry (based on traditional Hindu themes) pioneered the use of colloquial Bengali (1861-1941)
    Rabindranath Tagore; Sir Rabindranath Tagore.

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anaxagoras

  • noun a presocratic Athenian philosopher who maintained that everything is composed of very small particles that were arranged by some eternal intelligence (500-428 BC)

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motive

  • noun the psychological feature that arouses an organism to action toward a desired goal; the reason for the action; that which gives purpose and direction to behavior
    need; motivation.
    • we did not understand his motivation
    • he acted with the best of motives
  • noun a theme that is repeated or elaborated in a piece of music
    motif.

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herder

  • noun German philosopher who advocated intuition over reason (1744-1803)
    Johann Gottfried von Herder.
  • noun someone who drives a herd
    drover; herdsman.

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ramon_lully

  • noun Spanish philosopher (1235-1315)
    Raymond Lully; Lully.

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george_herbert_mead

  • noun United States philosopher of pragmatism (1863-1931)
    Mead.

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origen

  • noun Greek philosopher and theologian who reinterpreted Christian doctrine through the philosophy of Neoplatonism; his work was later condemned as unorthodox (185-254)

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rabindranath_tagore

  • noun Indian writer and philosopher whose poetry (based on traditional Hindu themes) pioneered the use of colloquial Bengali (1861-1941)
    Sir Rabindranath Tagore; Tagore.

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gymnosophist

  • noun member of a Hindu sect practicing gymnosophy (especially nudism)

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elitist

  • noun someone who believes in rule by an elite group

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dialectic

  • noun any formal system of reasoning that arrives at the truth by the exchange of logical arguments
  • noun a contradiction of ideas that serves as the determining factor in their interaction
    • this situation created the inner dialectic of American history

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marx

  • noun United States comedian; one of four brothers who made motion pictures together (1901-1979)
    Zeppo; Herbert Marx.
  • noun United States comedian; one of four brothers who made motion pictures together (1893-1964)
    Arthur Marx; Harpo.

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sir_francis_bacon

  • noun English statesman and philosopher; precursor of British empiricism; advocated inductive reasoning (1561-1626)
    1st Baron Verulam; Baron Verulam; Viscount St. Albans; Bacon; Francis Bacon.

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philosophy

  • noun a belief (or system of beliefs) accepted as authoritative by some group or school
    philosophical system; school of thought; ism; doctrine.
  • noun the rational investigation of questions about existence and knowledge and ethics

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oswald_spengler

  • noun German philosopher who argued that cultures grow and decay in cycles (1880-1936)
    Spengler.

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titus_lucretius_carus

  • noun Roman philosopher and poet; in a long didactic poem he tried to provide a scientific explanation of the universe (96-55 BC)
    Lucretius.

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karl_popper

  • noun British philosopher (born in Austria) who argued that scientific theories can never be proved to be true, but are tested by attempts to falsify them (1902-1994)
    Popper; Sir Karl Raimund Popper.

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sarvepalli_radhakrishnan

  • noun Indian philosopher and statesman who introduced Indian philosophy to the West (1888-1975)
    Radhakrishnan; Sir Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan.

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jurisprudence

  • noun the branch of philosophy concerned with the law and the principles that lead courts to make the decisions they do
    legal philosophy; law.
  • noun the collection of rules imposed by authority
    law.
    • civilization presupposes respect for the law
    • the great problem for jurisprudence to allow freedom while enforcing order

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pragmatist

  • noun an adherent of philosophical pragmatism
  • noun a person who takes a practical approach to problems and is concerned primarily with the success or failure of her actions

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transcendentalism

  • noun any system of philosophy emphasizing the intuitive and spiritual above the empirical and material
    transcendental philosophy.

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nicolas_de_malebranche

  • noun French philosopher (1638-1715)
    Malebranche.

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legal

  • adjective established by or founded upon law or official or accepted rules
  • adjective of or relating to jurisprudence
    • legal loophole

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niccolo_machiavelli

  • noun a statesman of Florence who advocated a strong central government (1469-1527)
    Machiavelli.

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pierre_abelard

  • noun French philosopher and theologian; lover of Heloise (1079-1142)
    Abelard; Peter Abelard.

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predestinationist

  • noun anyone who submits to the belief that they are powerless to change their destiny
    determinist; fatalist; predestinarian.

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boethius

  • noun a Roman who was an early Christian philosopher and statesman who was executed for treason; Boethius had a decisive influence on medieval logic (circa 480-524)
    Anicius Manlius Severinus Boethius.

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popper

  • noun British philosopher (born in Austria) who argued that scientific theories can never be proved to be true, but are tested by attempts to falsify them (1902-1994)
    Karl Popper; Sir Karl Raimund Popper.
  • noun a container of stimulant drug (amyl nitrate or butyl nitrite)

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husserl

  • noun German philosopher who developed phenomenology (1859-1938)
    Edmund Husserl.

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thales

  • noun a presocratic Greek philosopher and astronomer (who predicted an eclipse in 585 BC) who was said by Aristotle to be the founder of physical science; he held that all things originated in water (624-546 BC)
    Thales of Miletus.

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lao-zi

  • noun Chinese philosopher regarded as the founder of Taoism (6th century BC)
    Lao-tzu; Lao-tse.

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johann_gottfried_von_herder

  • noun German philosopher who advocated intuition over reason (1744-1803)
    Herder.

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method

  • noun a way of doing something, especially a systematic way; implies an orderly logical arrangement (usually in steps)
  • noun an acting technique introduced by Stanislavsky in which the actor recalls emotions or reactions from his or her own life and uses them to identify with the character being portrayed
    method acting.

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law

  • noun the collection of rules imposed by authority
    jurisprudence.
    • civilization presupposes respect for the law
    • the great problem for jurisprudence to allow freedom while enforcing order
  • noun legal document setting forth rules governing a particular kind of activity
    • there is a law against kidnapping

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de_spinoza

  • noun Dutch philosopher who espoused a pantheistic system (1632-1677)
    Benedict de Spinoza; Spinoza; Baruch de Spinoza.

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nietzsche

  • noun influential German philosopher remembered for his concept of the superman and for his rejection of Christian values; considered, along with Kierkegaard, to be a founder of existentialism (1844-1900)
    Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche.

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weil

  • noun French philosopher (1909-1943)
    Simone Weil.
  • noun United States mathematician (born in France) (1906-1998)
    Andre Weil.

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cassirer

  • noun German philosopher concerned with concept formation in the human mind and with symbolic forms in human culture generally (1874-1945)
    Ernst Cassirer.

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ernst_heinrich_haeckel

  • noun German biologist and philosopher; advocated Darwinism and formulated the theory of recapitulation; was an exponent of materialistic monism (1834-1919)
    Haeckel.

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epictetus

  • noun Greek philosopher who was a Stoic (circa 50-130)

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existentialism

  • noun (philosophy) a 20th-century philosophical movement chiefly in Europe; assumes that people are entirely free and thus responsible for what they make of themselves
    existential philosophy; existentialist philosophy.

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transcend

  • verb be greater in scope or size than some standard
    exceed; surpass.
    • Their loyalty exceeds their national bonds
  • verb be superior or better than some standard
    exceed; top; overstep; go past; pass.
    • She exceeded our expectations
    • She topped her performance of last year

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g._e._moore

  • noun English philosopher (1873-1958)
    George Edward Moore; Moore.

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baron_verulam

  • noun English statesman and philosopher; precursor of British empiricism; advocated inductive reasoning (1561-1626)
    1st Baron Verulam; Sir Francis Bacon; Viscount St. Albans; Bacon; Francis Bacon.

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existentialist

  • noun a philosopher who emphasizes freedom of choice and personal responsibility but who regards human existence in a hostile universe as unexplainable
    existentialist philosopher; existential philosopher.
  • adjective relating to or involving existentialism
    • existentialist movement
    • existentialist philosophy
    • the existentialist character of his ideas

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abul-walid_mohammed_ibn-ahmad_ibn-mohammed_ibn-roshd

  • noun Arabian philosopher born in Spain; wrote detailed commentaries on Aristotle that were admired by the Schoolmen (1126-1198)
    Averroes; ibn-Roshd.

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moral_philosophy

  • noun the philosophical study of moral values and rules
    ethics.

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steiner

  • noun Austrian philosopher who founded anthroposophy (1861-1925)
    Rudolf Steiner.

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existentialist_philosophy

  • noun (philosophy) a 20th-century philosophical movement chiefly in Europe; assumes that people are entirely free and thus responsible for what they make of themselves
    existentialism; existential philosophy.

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machiavellian

  • noun a follower of Machiavelli's principles
  • adjective of or relating to Machiavelli or the principles of conduct he recommended
    • Machiavellian thinking

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plotinus

  • noun Roman philosopher (born in Egypt) who was the leading representative of Neoplatonism (205-270)

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gymnosophy

  • noun the doctrine of a sect of Hindu philosophers who practiced nudity and asceticism and meditation

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empiricism

  • noun (philosophy) the doctrine that knowledge derives from experience
    sensationalism; empiricist philosophy.
  • noun the application of empirical methods in any art or science

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ludwig_josef_johan_wittgenstein

  • noun British philosopher born in Austria; a major influence on logic and logical positivism (1889-1951)
    Ludwig Wittgenstein; Wittgenstein.

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philosophical_system

  • noun a belief (or system of beliefs) accepted as authoritative by some group or school
    philosophy; school of thought; ism; doctrine.

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philosopher

  • noun a specialist in philosophy
  • noun a wise person who is calm and rational; someone who lives a life of reason with equanimity

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jacques_derrida

  • noun French philosopher and critic (born in Algeria); exponent of deconstructionism (1930-2004)
    Derrida.

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zeno_of_citium

  • noun ancient Greek philosopher who founded the Stoic school (circa 335-263 BC)
    Zeno.

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david_hume

  • noun Scottish philosopher whose sceptical philosophy restricted human knowledge to that which can be perceived by the senses (1711-1776)
    Hume.

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spinoza

  • noun Dutch philosopher who espoused a pantheistic system (1632-1677)
    Benedict de Spinoza; de Spinoza; Baruch de Spinoza.

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peter_abelard

  • noun French philosopher and theologian; lover of Heloise (1079-1142)
    Pierre Abelard; Abelard.

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peripatetic

  • noun a person who walks from place to place
  • noun a follower of Aristotle or an adherent of Aristotelianism
    Aristotelean; Aristotelian.

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leibniz

  • noun German philosopher and mathematician who thought of the universe as consisting of independent monads and who devised a system of the calculus independent of Newton (1646-1716)
    Leibnitz; Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz; Gottfried Wilhelm Leibnitz.

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bishop_berkeley

  • noun Irish philosopher and Anglican bishop who opposed the materialism of Thomas Hobbes (1685-1753)
    George Berkeley; Berkeley.

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zeno_of_elea

  • noun ancient Greek philosopher who formulated paradoxes that defended the belief that motion and change are illusory (circa 495-430 BC)
    Zeno.

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eclecticism

  • noun making decisions on the basis of what seems best instead of following some single doctrine or style
    eclectic method.

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jose_ortega_y_gasset

  • noun Spanish philosopher who advocated leadership by an intellectual elite (1883-1955)
    Ortega y Gasset.

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etiology

  • noun the cause of a disease
    aetiology.
  • noun the philosophical study of causation
    aetiology.

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egalitarian

  • noun a person who believes in the equality of all people
    equalitarian.
  • adjective satellite favoring social equality
    classless.
    • a classless society

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scholastic

  • noun a person who pays more attention to formal rules and book learning than they merit
    pedant; bookworm.
  • noun a Scholastic philosopher or theologian

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realism

  • noun the attribute of accepting the facts of life and favoring practicality and literal truth
    pragmatism.
  • noun the state of being actual or real
    realness; reality.
    • the reality of his situation slowly dawned on him

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eclecticist

  • noun someone who selects according to the eclectic method
    eclectic.

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existential

  • adjective satellite derived from experience or the experience of existence
    experiential.
    • the rich experiential content of the teachings of the older philosophers"- Benjamin Farrington
    • formal logicians are not concerned with existential matters"- John Dewey
  • adjective of or as conceived by existentialism
    • an existential moment of choice

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equalitarian

  • noun a person who believes in the equality of all people
    egalitarian.

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marie_jean_antoine_nicolas_caritat

  • noun French mathematician and philosopher (1743-1794)
    Condorcet; Marquis de Condorcet.

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bergson

  • noun French philosopher who proposed elan vital as the cause of evolution and development (1859-1941)
    Henri Bergson; Henri Louis Bergson.

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realness

  • noun the state of being actual or real
    realism; reality.
    • the reality of his situation slowly dawned on him

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whitehead

  • noun English philosopher and mathematician who collaborated with Bertrand Russell (1861-1947)
    Alfred North Whitehead.
  • noun a small whitish lump in the skin due to a clogged sebaceous gland
    milium.

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intuition

  • noun instinctive knowing (without the use of rational processes)
  • noun an impression that something might be the case
    suspicion; hunch.
    • he had an intuition that something had gone wrong

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cartesian

  • noun a follower of Cartesian thought
  • adjective of or relating to Rene Descartes or his works
    • Cartesian linguistics

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pluralism

  • noun a social organization in which diversity of racial or religious or ethnic or cultural groups is tolerated
  • noun the doctrine that reality consists of several basic substances or elements

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baron_de_la_brede_et_de_montesquieu

  • noun French political philosopher who advocated the separation of executive and legislative and judicial powers (1689-1755)
    Montesquieu; Charles Louis de Secondat.

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schopenhauer

  • noun German pessimist philosopher (1788-1860)
    Arthur Schopenhauer.

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radhakrishnan

  • noun Indian philosopher and statesman who introduced Indian philosophy to the West (1888-1975)
    Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan; Sir Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan.

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abelard

  • noun French philosopher and theologian; lover of Heloise (1079-1142)
    Pierre Abelard; Peter Abelard.

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ockham

  • noun English scholastic philosopher and assumed author of Occam's Razor (1285-1349)
    William of Occam; William of Ockham; Occam.

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beauvoir

  • noun French feminist and existentialist and novelist (1908-1986)
    Simone de Beauvoir.

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nativist

  • noun a philosopher who subscribes to nativism
  • adjective advocating the perpetuation of native societies
    nativistic.
    • the old nativist prejudice against the foreign businessman
    • the nativistic faith preaches the old values"- C.K.Kluckhohn

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arthur_schopenhauer

  • noun German pessimist philosopher (1788-1860)
    Schopenhauer.

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albert_schweitzer

  • noun French philosopher and physician and organist who spent most of his life as a medical missionary in Gabon (1875-1965)
    Schweitzer.

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moral

  • noun the significance of a story or event
    lesson.
    • the moral of the story is to love thy neighbor
  • adjective concerned with principles of right and wrong or conforming to standards of behavior and character based on those principles
    • moral sense
    • a moral scrutiny
    • a moral lesson
    • a moral quandary
    • moral convictions
    • a moral life

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charles_louis_de_secondat

  • noun French political philosopher who advocated the separation of executive and legislative and judicial powers (1689-1755)
    Montesquieu; Baron de la Brede et de Montesquieu.

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doctrine

  • noun a belief (or system of beliefs) accepted as authoritative by some group or school
    philosophical system; philosophy; school of thought; ism.

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sir_rabindranath_tagore

  • noun Indian writer and philosopher whose poetry (based on traditional Hindu themes) pioneered the use of colloquial Bengali (1861-1941)
    Rabindranath Tagore; Tagore.

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marquis_de_condorcet

  • noun French mathematician and philosopher (1743-1794)
    Condorcet; Marie Jean Antoine Nicolas Caritat.

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philosopher

  • noun a specialist in philosophy
  • noun a wise person who is calm and rational; someone who lives a life of reason with equanimity

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rousseau

  • noun French philosopher and writer born in Switzerland; believed that the natural goodness of man was warped by society; ideas influenced the French Revolution (1712-1778)
    Jean-Jacques Rousseau.
  • noun French primitive painter (1844-1910)
    Henri Rousseau; Le Douanier Rousseau.

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epistemology

  • noun the philosophical theory of knowledge

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anicius_manlius_severinus_boethius

  • noun a Roman who was an early Christian philosopher and statesman who was executed for treason; Boethius had a decisive influence on medieval logic (circa 480-524)
    Boethius.

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albert_camus

  • noun French writer who portrayed the human condition as isolated in an absurd world (1913-1960)
    Camus.

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pythagoras

  • noun Greek philosopher and mathematician who proved the Pythagorean theorem; considered to be the first true mathematician (circa 580-500 BC)

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socratic

  • adjective of or relating to Socrates or to his method of teaching
    • Socratic teaching

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camus

  • noun French writer who portrayed the human condition as isolated in an absurd world (1913-1960)
    Albert Camus.

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aesthetician

  • noun a worker skilled in giving beauty treatments (manicures and facials etc.)
    esthetician.
  • noun a philosopher who specializes in the nature of beauty
    esthetician.

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averroes

  • noun Arabian philosopher born in Spain; wrote detailed commentaries on Aristotle that were admired by the Schoolmen (1126-1198)
    Abul-Walid Mohammed ibn-Ahmad Ibn-Mohammed ibn-Roshd; ibn-Roshd.

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spencer

  • noun English philosopher and sociologist who applied the theory of natural selection to human societies (1820-1903)
    Herbert Spencer.

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teilhard_de_chardin

  • noun French paleontologist and philosopher (1881-1955)
    Pierre Teilhard de Chardin.

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mentation

  • noun the process of using your mind to consider something carefully
    cerebration; thinking; thought; intellection; thought process.
    • thinking always made him frown
    • she paused for thought

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henri_louis_bergson

  • noun French philosopher who proposed elan vital as the cause of evolution and development (1859-1941)
    Henri Bergson; Bergson.

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thales_of_miletus

  • noun a presocratic Greek philosopher and astronomer (who predicted an eclipse in 585 BC) who was said by Aristotle to be the founder of physical science; he held that all things originated in water (624-546 BC)
    Thales.

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stoic

  • noun a member of the ancient Greek school of philosophy founded by Zeno
    • a Stoic achieves happiness by submission to destiny
  • noun someone who is seemingly indifferent to emotions
    unemotional person.

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stewart

  • noun United States film actor who portrayed incorruptible but modest heros (1908-1997)
    Jimmy Stewart; James Maitland Stewart.
  • noun Scottish philosopher and follower of Thomas Reid (1753-1828)
    Dugald Stewart.

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john_dewey

  • noun United States pragmatic philosopher who advocated progressive education (1859-1952)
    Dewey.

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bertrand_arthur_william_russell

  • noun English philosopher and mathematician who collaborated with Whitehead (1872-1970)
    Earl Russell; Bertrand Russell; Russell.

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morality

  • noun concern with the distinction between good and evil or right and wrong; right or good conduct
  • noun motivation based on ideas of right and wrong
    ethics; ethical motive; morals.

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lao-tse

  • noun Chinese philosopher regarded as the founder of Taoism (6th century BC)
    Lao-zi; Lao-tzu.

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alfred_north_whitehead

  • noun English philosopher and mathematician who collaborated with Bertrand Russell (1861-1947)
    Whitehead.

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simone_de_beauvoir

  • noun French feminist and existentialist and novelist (1908-1986)
    Beauvoir.

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mach

  • noun Austrian physicist and philosopher who introduced the Mach number and who founded logical positivism (1838-1916)
    Ernst Mach.

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existential_philosophy

  • noun (philosophy) a 20th-century philosophical movement chiefly in Europe; assumes that people are entirely free and thus responsible for what they make of themselves
    existentialism; existentialist philosophy.

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occam

  • noun English scholastic philosopher and assumed author of Occam's Razor (1285-1349)
    William of Occam; William of Ockham; Ockham.

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avicenna

  • noun Arabian physician and influential Islamic philosopher; his interpretation of Aristotle influenced St. Thomas Aquinas; writings on medicine were important for almost 500 years (980-1037)
    Abu Ali al-Husain ibn Abdallah ibn Sina; ibn-Sina.

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seneca

  • noun Roman statesman and philosopher who was an advisor to Nero; his nine extant tragedies are modeled on Greek tragedies (circa 4 BC - 65 AD)
    Lucius Annaeus Seneca.
  • noun a member of the Iroquoian people formerly living in New York State south of Lake Ontario

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thought

  • noun the content of cognition; the main thing you are thinking about
    idea.
    • it was not a good idea
    • the thought never entered my mind
  • noun the process of using your mind to consider something carefully
    cerebration; thinking; mentation; intellection; thought process.
    • thinking always made him frown
    • she paused for thought

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confucius

  • noun Chinese philosopher whose ideas and sayings were collected after his death and became the basis of a philosophical doctrine known a Confucianism (circa 551-478 BC)
    Kongfuze; K'ung Futzu; Kong the Master.

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berkeley

  • noun Irish philosopher and Anglican bishop who opposed the materialism of Thomas Hobbes (1685-1753)
    George Berkeley; Bishop Berkeley.
  • noun a city in California on the eastern shore of San Francisco Bay; site of the University of California at Berkeley

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wittgenstein

  • noun British philosopher born in Austria; a major influence on logic and logical positivism (1889-1951)
    Ludwig Wittgenstein; Ludwig Josef Johan Wittgenstein.

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condorcet

  • noun French mathematician and philosopher (1743-1794)
    Marquis de Condorcet; Marie Jean Antoine Nicolas Caritat.

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existentialist_philosopher

  • noun a philosopher who emphasizes freedom of choice and personal responsibility but who regards human existence in a hostile universe as unexplainable
    existentialist; existential philosopher.

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emerson

  • noun United States writer and leading exponent of transcendentalism (1803-1882)
    Ralph Waldo Emerson.

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hegel

  • noun German philosopher whose three stage process of dialectical reasoning was adopted by Karl Marx (1770-1831)
    Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel.

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kierkegaard

  • noun Danish philosopher who is generally considered. along with Nietzsche, to be a founder of existentialism (1813-1855)
    Soren Kierkegaard; Soren Aabye Kierkegaard.

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soren_kierkegaard

  • noun Danish philosopher who is generally considered. along with Nietzsche, to be a founder of existentialism (1813-1855)
    Soren Aabye Kierkegaard; Kierkegaard.

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thomas_reid

  • noun Scottish philosopher of common sense who opposed the ideas of David Hume (1710-1796)
    Reid.

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predestinarian

  • noun anyone who submits to the belief that they are powerless to change their destiny
    determinist; fatalist; predestinationist.
  • adjective of or relating to predestination; holding the doctrine of predestination

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pierre_teilhard_de_chardin

  • noun French paleontologist and philosopher (1881-1955)
    Teilhard de Chardin.

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maimonides

  • noun Spanish philosopher considered the greatest Jewish scholar of the Middle Ages who codified Jewish law in the Talmud (1135-1204)
    Moses Maimonides; Rabbi Moses Ben Maimon.

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determinist

  • noun anyone who submits to the belief that they are powerless to change their destiny
    fatalist; predestinarian; predestinationist.

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parmenides

  • noun a presocratic Greek philosopher born in Italy; held the metaphysical view that being is the basic substance and ultimate reality of which all things are composed; said that motion and change are sensory illusions (5th century BC)

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malebranche

  • noun French philosopher (1638-1715)
    Nicolas de Malebranche.

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ibn

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leibnitz

  • noun German philosopher and mathematician who thought of the universe as consisting of independent monads and who devised a system of the calculus independent of Newton (1646-1716)
    Leibniz; Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz; Gottfried Wilhelm Leibnitz.

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w._v._quine

  • noun United States philosopher and logician who championed an empirical view of knowledge that depended on language (1908-2001)
    Willard Van Orman Quine; Quine.

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david_hartley

  • noun English philosopher who introduced the theory of the association of ideas (1705-1757)
    Hartley.

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bentham

  • noun English philosopher and jurist; founder of utilitarianism (1748-1831)
    Jeremy Bentham.

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herbert_marcuse

  • noun United States political philosopher (born in Germany) concerned about the dehumanizing effects of capitalism and modern technology (1898-1979)
    Marcuse.

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ibn-sina

  • noun Arabian physician and influential Islamic philosopher; his interpretation of Aristotle influenced St. Thomas Aquinas; writings on medicine were important for almost 500 years (980-1037)
    Abu Ali al-Husain ibn Abdallah ibn Sina; Avicenna.

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friedrich_wilhelm_nietzsche

  • noun influential German philosopher remembered for his concept of the superman and for his rejection of Christian values; considered, along with Kierkegaard, to be a founder of existentialism (1844-1900)
    Nietzsche.

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ortega_y_gasset

  • noun Spanish philosopher who advocated leadership by an intellectual elite (1883-1955)
    Jose Ortega y Gasset.

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hypatia

  • noun Greek philosopher and astronomer; she invented the astrolabe (370-415)

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bertrand_russell

  • noun English philosopher and mathematician who collaborated with Whitehead (1872-1970)
    Earl Russell; Russell; Bertrand Arthur William Russell.

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scholastic

  • noun a person who pays more attention to formal rules and book learning than they merit
    pedant; bookworm.
  • noun a Scholastic philosopher or theologian

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marcuse

  • noun United States political philosopher (born in Germany) concerned about the dehumanizing effects of capitalism and modern technology (1898-1979)
    Herbert Marcuse.

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ludwig_wittgenstein

  • noun British philosopher born in Austria; a major influence on logic and logical positivism (1889-1951)
    Wittgenstein; Ludwig Josef Johan Wittgenstein.

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pascal

  • noun a unit of pressure equal to one newton per square meter
    Pa.
  • noun French mathematician and philosopher and Jansenist; invented an adding machine; contributed (with Fermat) to the theory of probability (1623-1662)
    Blaise Pascal.

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rudolf_steiner

  • noun Austrian philosopher who founded anthroposophy (1861-1925)
    Steiner.

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herbert_spencer

  • noun English philosopher and sociologist who applied the theory of natural selection to human societies (1820-1903)
    Spencer.

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theophrastus

  • noun Greek philosopher who was a student of Aristotle and who succeeded Aristotle as the leader of the Peripatetics (371-287 BC)

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baruch_de_spinoza

  • noun Dutch philosopher who espoused a pantheistic system (1632-1677)
    Benedict de Spinoza; de Spinoza; Spinoza.

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pre

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heidegger

  • noun German philosopher whose views on human existence in a world of objects and on Angst influenced the existential philosophers (1889-1976)
    Martin Heidegger.

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aesthetics

  • noun (art) the branch of philosophy dealing with beauty and taste (emphasizing the evaluative criteria that are applied to art)
    esthetics.
    • traditional aesthetics assumed the existence of universal and timeless criteria of artistic value
  • noun (philosophy) a philosophical theory as to what is beautiful
    esthetic; aesthetic.
    • he despised the esthetic of minimalism

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heraclitus

  • noun a presocratic Greek philosopher who said that fire is the origin of all things and that permanence is an illusion as all things are in perpetual flux (circa 500 BC)

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diogenes

  • noun an ancient Greek philosopher and Cynic who rejected social conventions (circa 400-325 BC)

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francis_bacon

  • noun English statesman and philosopher; precursor of British empiricism; advocated inductive reasoning (1561-1626)
    1st Baron Verulam; Sir Francis Bacon; Baron Verulam; Viscount St. Albans; Bacon.

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have

  • noun a person who possesses great material wealth
    rich person; wealthy person.
  • verb have or possess, either in a concrete or an abstract sense
    hold; have got.
    • She has $1,000 in the bank
    • He has got two beautiful daughters
    • She holds a Master's degree from Harvard

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william_james

  • noun United States pragmatic philosopher and psychologist (1842-1910)
    James.

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william_of_occam

  • noun English scholastic philosopher and assumed author of Occam's Razor (1285-1349)
    William of Ockham; Ockham; Occam.

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derrida

  • noun French philosopher and critic (born in Algeria); exponent of deconstructionism (1930-2004)
    Jacques Derrida.

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bruno

  • noun German pope from 1049 to 1054 whose papacy was the beginning of papal reforms in the 11th century (1002-1054)
    Bruno of Toul; Leo IX.
  • noun (Roman Catholic Church) a French cleric (born in Germany) who founded the Carthusian order in 1084 (1032-1101)
    Saint Bruno; St. Bruno.

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ralph_barton_perry

  • noun United States philosopher (1876-1957)
    Perry.

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libertarian

  • noun an advocate of libertarianism
  • noun someone who believes the doctrine of free will

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necessitarian

  • noun someone who does not believe the doctrine of free will

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metaphysics

  • noun the philosophical study of being and knowing

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williams

  • noun United States country singer and songwriter (1923-1953)
    Hiram Williams; Hiram King Williams; Hank Williams.
  • noun English philosopher credited with reviving the field of moral philosophy (1929-2003)
    Bernard Arthur Owen Williams; Sir Bernard Williams.

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hume

  • noun Scottish philosopher whose sceptical philosophy restricted human knowledge to that which can be perceived by the senses (1711-1776)
    David Hume.

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moralist

  • noun a philosopher who specializes in morals and moral problems
  • noun someone who demands exact conformity to rules and forms
    disciplinarian; martinet.

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henri_bergson

  • noun French philosopher who proposed elan vital as the cause of evolution and development (1859-1941)
    Bergson; Henri Louis Bergson.

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fatalist

  • noun anyone who submits to the belief that they are powerless to change their destiny
    determinist; predestinarian; predestinationist.
  • adjective of or relating to fatalism
    fatalistic.
    • a fatalist person

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reid

  • noun Scottish philosopher of common sense who opposed the ideas of David Hume (1710-1796)
    Thomas Reid.

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yogi

  • noun one who practices yoga and has achieved a high level of spiritual insight
  • noun United States baseball player (born 1925)
    Lawrence Peter Berra; Berra; Yogi Berra.

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sophist

  • noun any of a group of Greek philosophers and teachers in the 5th century BC who speculated on a wide range of subjects
  • noun someone whose reasoning is subtle and often specious
    casuist.

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jean-paul_sartre

  • noun French writer and existentialist philosopher (1905-1980)
    Sartre.

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democritus

  • noun Greek philosopher who developed an atomistic theory of matter (460-370 BC)

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utilitarian

  • noun someone who believes that the value of a thing depends on its utility
  • adjective satellite having a useful function
    useful.
    • utilitarian steel tables

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esthetics

  • noun (art) the branch of philosophy dealing with beauty and taste (emphasizing the evaluative criteria that are applied to art)
    aesthetics.
    • traditional aesthetics assumed the existence of universal and timeless criteria of artistic value
  • noun (philosophy) a philosophical theory as to what is beautiful
    esthetic; aesthetic.
    • he despised the esthetic of minimalism

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william_of_ockham

  • noun English scholastic philosopher and assumed author of Occam's Razor (1285-1349)
    William of Occam; Ockham; Occam.

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ethical_motive

  • noun motivation based on ideas of right and wrong
    ethics; morals; morality.

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james

  • noun a Stuart king of Scotland who married a daughter of Henry VII; when England and France went to war in 1513 he invaded England and died in defeat at Flodden (1473-1513)
    James IV.
  • noun the last Stuart to be king of England and Ireland and Scotland; overthrown in 1688 (1633-1701)
    James II.

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eclectic

  • noun someone who selects according to the eclectic method
    eclecticist.
  • adjective satellite selecting what seems best of various styles or ideas

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herbart

  • noun German philosopher (1776-1841)
    Johann Friedrich Herbart.

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pre-socratic

  • noun any philosopher who lived before Socrates
  • adjective before the time of Socrates
    presocratic.

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dewey

  • noun United States librarian who founded the decimal system of classification (1851-1931)
    Melvil Dewey; Melville Louis Kossuth Dewey.
  • noun a United States naval officer remembered for his victory at Manila Bay in the Spanish-American War
    Admiral Dewey; George Dewey.

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nativism

  • noun the policy of perpetuating native cultures (in opposition to acculturation)
  • noun (philosophy) the philosophical theory that some ideas are innate

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buber

  • noun Israeli religious philosopher (born in Austria); as a Zionist he promoted understanding between Jews and Arabs; his writings affected Christian thinkers as well as Jews (1878-1965)
    Martin Buber.

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eclectic_method

  • noun making decisions on the basis of what seems best instead of following some single doctrine or style
    eclecticism.

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ism

  • noun a belief (or system of beliefs) accepted as authoritative by some group or school
    philosophical system; philosophy; school of thought; doctrine.

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gottfried_wilhelm_leibniz

  • noun German philosopher and mathematician who thought of the universe as consisting of independent monads and who devised a system of the calculus independent of Newton (1646-1716)
    Leibniz; Leibnitz; Gottfried Wilhelm Leibnitz.

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xenophanes

  • noun Greek philosopher (560-478 BC)

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existential_philosopher

  • noun a philosopher who emphasizes freedom of choice and personal responsibility but who regards human existence in a hostile universe as unexplainable
    existentialist; existentialist philosopher.

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spengler

  • noun German philosopher who argued that cultures grow and decay in cycles (1880-1936)
    Oswald Spengler.

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logic

  • noun the branch of philosophy that analyzes inference
  • noun reasoned and reasonable judgment
    • it made a certain kind of logic

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georg_wilhelm_friedrich_hegel

  • noun German philosopher whose three stage process of dialectical reasoning was adopted by Karl Marx (1770-1831)
    Hegel.

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pluralist

  • noun a cleric who holds more than one benefice at a time
  • noun a philosopher who believes that no single explanation can account for all the phenomena of nature

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ibn-roshd

  • noun Arabian philosopher born in Spain; wrote detailed commentaries on Aristotle that were admired by the Schoolmen (1126-1198)
    Abul-Walid Mohammed ibn-Ahmad Ibn-Mohammed ibn-Roshd; Averroes.

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mechanist

  • noun a philosopher who subscribes to the doctrine of mechanism

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moses_maimonides

  • noun Spanish philosopher considered the greatest Jewish scholar of the Middle Ages who codified Jewish law in the Talmud (1135-1204)
    Rabbi Moses Ben Maimon; Maimonides.

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gottfried_wilhelm_leibnitz

  • noun German philosopher and mathematician who thought of the universe as consisting of independent monads and who devised a system of the calculus independent of Newton (1646-1716)
    Leibniz; Leibnitz; Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz.

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machiavelli

  • noun a statesman of Florence who advocated a strong central government (1469-1527)
    Niccolo Machiavelli.

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mead

  • noun United States anthropologist noted for her claims about adolescence and sexual behavior in Polynesian cultures (1901-1978)
    Margaret Mead.
  • noun United States philosopher of pragmatism (1863-1931)
    George Herbert Mead.

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isidore_auguste_marie_francois_comte

  • noun French philosopher remembered as the founder of positivism; he also established sociology as a systematic field of study
    Auguste Comte; Comte.

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raymond_lully

  • noun Spanish philosopher (1235-1315)
    Ramon Lully; Lully.

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ethics

  • noun motivation based on ideas of right and wrong
    ethical motive; morals; morality.
  • noun the philosophical study of moral values and rules
    moral philosophy.

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comte

  • noun French philosopher remembered as the founder of positivism; he also established sociology as a systematic field of study
    Auguste Comte; Isidore Auguste Marie Francois Comte.

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lucius_annaeus_seneca

  • noun Roman statesman and philosopher who was an advisor to Nero; his nine extant tragedies are modeled on Greek tragedies (circa 4 BC - 65 AD)
    Seneca.

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kant

  • noun influential German idealist philosopher (1724-1804)
    Immanuel Kant.

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cynic

  • noun someone who is critical of the motives of others
    faultfinder.
  • noun a member of a group of ancient Greek philosophers who advocated the doctrine that virtue is the only good and that the essence of virtue is self-control

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james_mill

  • noun Scottish philosopher who expounded Bentham's utilitarianism; father of John Stuart Mill (1773-1836)
    Mill.

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schweitzer

  • noun French philosopher and physician and organist who spent most of his life as a medical missionary in Gabon (1875-1965)
    Albert Schweitzer.

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descartes

  • noun French philosopher and mathematician; developed dualistic theory of mind and matter; introduced the use of coordinates to locate a point in two or three dimensions (1596-1650)
    Rene Descartes.

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charles_sanders_peirce

  • noun United States philosopher and logician; pioneer of pragmatism (1839-1914)
    Peirce; Charles Peirce.

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zeno

  • noun ancient Greek philosopher who formulated paradoxes that defended the belief that motion and change are illusory (circa 495-430 BC)
    Zeno of Elea.
  • noun ancient Greek philosopher who founded the Stoic school (circa 335-263 BC)
    Zeno of Citium.

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aristotelian

  • noun a follower of Aristotle or an adherent of Aristotelianism
    Peripatetic; Aristotelean.
  • adjective of or relating to Aristotle or his philosophy
    peripatetic; Aristotelean; Aristotelic.
    • Aristotelean logic

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hannah_arendt

  • noun United States historian and political philosopher (born in Germany) (1906-1975)
    Arendt.

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socrates

  • noun ancient Athenian philosopher; teacher of Plato and Xenophon (470-399 BC)

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john_stuart_mill

  • noun English philosopher and economist remembered for his interpretations of empiricism and utilitarianism (1806-1873)
    John Mill; Mill.

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immanuel_kant

  • noun influential German idealist philosopher (1724-1804)
    Kant.

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auguste_comte

  • noun French philosopher remembered as the founder of positivism; he also established sociology as a systematic field of study
    Comte; Isidore Auguste Marie Francois Comte.

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lao-tzu

  • noun Chinese philosopher regarded as the founder of Taoism (6th century BC)
    Lao-zi; Lao-tse.

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quine

  • noun United States philosopher and logician who championed an empirical view of knowledge that depended on language (1908-2001)
    Willard Van Orman Quine; W. V. Quine.

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denis_diderot

  • noun French philosopher who was a leading figure of the Enlightenment in France; principal editor of an encyclopedia that disseminated the scientific and philosophical knowledge of the time (1713-1784)
    Diderot.

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