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lenard : Related Words Words similar in meaning to lenard

dennis_gabor

  • noun British physicist (born in Hungary) noted for his work on holography (1900-1979)
    Gabor.

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oliver_heaviside

  • noun English physicist and electrical engineer who helped develop telegraphic and telephonic communications; in 1902 (independent of A. E. Kennelly) he suggested the existence of an atmospheric layer that reflects radio waves back to earth (1850-1925)
    Heaviside.

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sir_arthur_stanley_eddington

  • noun English astronomer remembered for his popular elucidation of relativity theory (1882-1944)
    Eddington.

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lippmann

  • noun United States journalist (1889-1974)
    Walter Lippmann.
  • noun French physicist who developed the first color photographic process (1845-1921)
    Gabriel Lippmann.

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edmund_halley

  • noun English astronomer who used Newton's laws of motion to predict the period of a comet (1656-1742)
    Edmond Halley; Halley.

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sir_frederick_william_herschel

  • noun English astronomer (born in Germany) who discovered infrared light and who catalogued the stars and discovered the planet Uranus (1738-1822)
    William Herschel; Herschel; Sir William Herschel.

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emil_klaus_julius_fuchs

  • noun British physicist who was born in Germany and fled Nazi persecution; in the 1940s he passed secret information to the USSR about the development of the atom bomb in the United States (1911-1988)
    Fuchs; Klaus Fuchs.

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lodge

  • noun English physicist who studied electromagnetic radiation and was a pioneer of radiotelegraphy (1851-1940)
    Sir Oliver Lodge; Sir Oliver Joseph Lodge.
  • noun a formal association of people with similar interests
    guild; club; society; social club; gild; order.
    • he joined a golf club
    • they formed a small lunch society
    • men from the fraternal order will staff the soup kitchen today

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kastler

  • noun French physicist (1902-1984)
    Alfred Kastler.

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ernst_mach

  • noun Austrian physicist and philosopher who introduced the Mach number and who founded logical positivism (1838-1916)
    Mach.

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gabriel_daniel_fahrenheit

  • noun German physicist who invented the mercury thermometer and developed the scale of temperature that bears his name (1686-1736)
    Fahrenheit.

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jan_hendrix_oort

  • noun Dutch astronomer who proved that the galaxy is rotating and proposed the existence of the Oort cloud (1900-1992)
    Oort.

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gustav_hertz

  • noun German physicist who with James Franck proved the existence of the stationary energy states postulated by Bohr (1887-1975)
    Gustav Ludwig Hertz; Hertz.

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william_gilbert

  • noun a librettist who was a collaborator with Sir Arthur Sullivan in a famous series of comic operettas (1836-1911)
    Sir William Gilbert; Gilbert; William S. Gilbert; William Schwenk Gilbert.
  • noun English court physician noted for his studies of terrestrial magnetism (1540-1603)
    Gilbert.

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cryogenics

  • noun the branch of physics that studies the phenomena that occur at very low temperatures
    cryogeny.

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lev_davidovich_landau

  • noun Soviet physicist who worked on low temperature physics (1908-1968)
    Landau.

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heaviside

  • noun English physicist and electrical engineer who helped develop telegraphic and telephonic communications; in 1902 (independent of A. E. Kennelly) he suggested the existence of an atmospheric layer that reflects radio waves back to earth (1850-1925)
    Oliver Heaviside.

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bowditch

  • noun United States mathematician and astronomer noted for his works on navigation (1773-1838)
    Nathaniel Bowditch.

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prokhorov

  • noun Russian physicist whose research into ways of moving electrons around atoms led to the development of masers and lasers for producing high-intensity radiation (1916-2002)
    Aleksandr Mikjailovich Prokhorov; Aleksandr Prokhorov.

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henry

  • noun a unit of inductance in which an induced electromotive force of one volt is produced when the current is varied at the rate of one ampere per second
    H.
  • noun English chemist who studied the quantities of gas absorbed by water at different temperatures and under different pressures (1775-1836)
    William Henry.

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sir_edward_victor_appleton

  • noun English physicist remembered for his studies of the ionosphere (1892-1966)
    Edward Appleton; Appleton.

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joule

  • noun a unit of electrical energy equal to the work done when a current of one ampere passes through a resistance of one ohm for one second
    watt second; J.
  • noun English physicist who established the mechanical theory of heat and discovered the first law of thermodynamics (1818-1889)
    James Prescott Joule.

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prize

  • noun something given for victory or superiority in a contest or competition or for winning a lottery
    award.
    • the prize was a free trip to Europe
  • noun goods or money obtained illegally
    swag; booty; pillage; plunder; dirty money; loot.

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rayleigh

  • noun English physicist who studied the density of gases and discovered argon; made important contributions to acoustic theory (1842-1919)
    Lord Rayleigh; John William Strutt; Third Baron Rayleigh.

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sadi_carnot

  • noun French physicist who founded thermodynamics (1796-1832)
    Nicolas Leonard Sadi Carnot; Carnot.

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max_karl_ernst_ludwig_planck

  • noun German physicist whose explanation of blackbody radiation in the context of quantized energy emissions initiated quantum theory (1858-1947)
    Max Planck; Planck.

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john_dalton

  • noun English chemist and physicist who formulated atomic theory and the law of partial pressures; gave the first description of red-green color blindness (1766-1844)
    Dalton.

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cockcroft

  • noun British physicist who (with Ernest Walton in 1931) first split an atom (1897-1967)
    Sir John Douglas Cockcroft; Sir John Cockcroft.

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hess

  • noun English pianist (1890-1965)
    Dame Myra Hess.
  • noun Swiss physiologist noted for studies of the brain (1881-1973)
    Walter Hess; Walter Rudolf Hess.

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optics

  • noun the branch of physics that studies the physical properties of light
  • noun optical properties
    • the optics of a telescope

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cecil_frank_powell

  • noun English physicist who discovered the pion (the first known meson) which is a subatomic particle involved in holding the nucleus together (1903-1969)
    Powell.

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albert_einstein

  • noun physicist born in Germany who formulated the special theory of relativity and the general theory of relativity; Einstein also proposed that light consists of discrete quantized bundles of energy (later called photons) (1879-1955)
    Einstein.

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frisch

  • noun British physicist (born in Austria) who with Lise Meitner recognized that Otto Hahn had produced a new kind of nuclear reaction which they named nuclear fission; Frisch described the explosive potential of a chain nuclear reaction (1904-1979)
    Otto Robert Frisch; Otto Frisch.
  • noun Norwegian economist noted for his work in econometrics (1895-1973)
    Ragnar Frisch; Ragnar Anton Kittil Frisch.

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aeronautics

  • noun the theory and practice of navigation through air or space
    astronautics.

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john_hasbrouck_van_vleck

  • noun United States physicist (1899-1980)
    Van Vleck; John Van Vleck.

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statistical_mechanics

  • noun the branch of physics that makes theoretical predictions about the behavior of macroscopic systems on the basis of statistical laws governing its component particles

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meitner

  • noun Swedish physicist (born in Austria) who worked in the field of radiochemistry with Otto Hahn and formulated the concept of nuclear fission with Otto Frisch (1878-1968)
    Lise Meitner.

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first_baron_rutherford

  • noun British physicist (born in New Zealand) who discovered the atomic nucleus and proposed a nuclear model of the atom (1871-1937)
    Rutherford; Ernest Rutherford; First Baron Rutherford of Nelson.

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george_gamow

  • noun United States physicist (born in Russia) who was a proponent of the big-bang theory and who did research in radioactivity and suggested the triplet code for DNA (1904-1968)
    Gamow.

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newcomb

  • noun United States astronomer (1835-1909)
    Simon Newcomb.

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crystallography

  • noun the branch of science that studies the formation and structure of crystals

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jacques_alexandre_cesar_charles

  • noun French physicist and author of Charles's law which anticipated Gay-Lussac's law (1746-1823)
    Charles; Jacques Charles.

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eugene_wigner

  • noun United States physicist (born in Hungary) noted for his work on the structure of the atom and its nucleus (1902-1995)
    Wigner; Eugene Paul Wigner.

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kirchhoff

  • noun German physicist who with Bunsen pioneered spectrum analysis and formulated two laws governing electric networks (1824-1887)
    Gustav Robert Kirchhoff; G. R. Kirchhoff.

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clyde_william_tombaugh

  • noun United States astronomer who discovered the planet Pluto (1906-1997)
    Tombaugh; Clyde Tombaugh.

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phil_anderson

  • noun United States physicist who studied the electronic structure of magnetic and disordered systems (1923-)
    Anderson; Philip Warren Anderson; Philip Anderson.

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hans_geiger

  • noun German physicist who developed the Geiger counter (1882-1945)
    Geiger.

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hipparchus

  • noun Greek astronomer and mathematician who discovered the precession of the equinoxes and made the first known star chart and is said to have invented trigonometry (second century BC)

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sir_william_herschel

  • noun English astronomer (born in Germany) who discovered infrared light and who catalogued the stars and discovered the planet Uranus (1738-1822)
    William Herschel; Herschel; Sir Frederick William Herschel.

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jean-frederic_joliot

  • noun French nuclear physicist who was Marie Curie's assistant and who worked with Marie Curie's daughter who he married (taking the name Joliot-Curie); he and his wife discovered how to synthesize new radioactive elements (1900-1958)
    Joliot; Jean-Frederic Joliot-Curie; Joliot-Curie.

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rutherford

  • noun a unit strength of a radioactive source equal to one million disintegrations per second
  • noun British chemist who isolated nitrogen (1749-1819)
    Daniel Rutherford.

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sir_john_douglas_cockcroft

  • noun British physicist who (with Ernest Walton in 1931) first split an atom (1897-1967)
    Cockcroft; Sir John Cockcroft.

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feynman

  • noun United States physicist who contributed to the theory of the interaction of photons and electrons (1918-1988)
    Richard Feynman; Richard Phillips Feynman.

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millikan

  • noun United States physicist who isolated the electron and measured its charge (1868-1953)
    Robert Andrews Millikan.

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halley

  • noun English astronomer who used Newton's laws of motion to predict the period of a comet (1656-1742)
    Edmond Halley; Edmund Halley.

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vladimir_kosma_zworykin

  • noun United States physicist who invented the iconoscope (1889-1982)
    Zworykin.

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hendrik_antoon_lorentz

  • noun Dutch physicist noted for work on electromagnetic theory (1853-1928)
    Lorentz.

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edward_appleton

  • noun English physicist remembered for his studies of the ionosphere (1892-1966)
    Sir Edward Victor Appleton; Appleton.

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canadian

Of or pertaining to Canada. -- n. A native or inhabitant of Canada.

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born

  • noun British nuclear physicist (born in Germany) honored for his contributions to quantum mechanics (1882-1970)
    Max Born.
  • verb have
    bear.
    • bear a resemblance
    • bear a signature

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peirce

  • noun United States mathematician and astronomer remembered for his studies of Uranus and Saturn and Neptune (1809-1880)
    Benjamin Peirce.
  • noun United States philosopher and logician; pioneer of pragmatism (1839-1914)
    Charles Sanders Peirce; Charles Peirce.

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yang_chen_ning

  • noun United States physicist (born in China) who collaborated with Tsung Dao Lee in disproving the principle of conservation of parity (born in 1922)
    Chen N. Yang.

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writer

  • noun writes (books or stories or articles or the like) professionally (for pay)
    author.
  • noun a person who is able to write and has written something

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benjamin_thompson

  • noun English physicist (born in America) who studied heat and friction; experiments convinced him that heat is caused by moving particles (1753-1814)
    Thompson; Count Rumford.

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john_herschel

  • noun English astronomer (son of William Herschel) who extended the catalogue of stars to the southern hemisphere and did pioneering work in photography (1792-1871)
    Sir John Herschel; Herschel; Sir John Frederick William Herschel.

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albert_abraham_michelson

  • noun United States physicist (born in Germany) who collaborated with Morley in the Michelson-Morley experiment (1852-1931)
    A. A. Michelson; Michelson; Albert Michelson.

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electromagnetics

  • noun the branch of physics concerned with electromagnetic phenomena
    electromagnetism.

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ernest_orlando_lawrence

  • noun United States physicist who developed the cyclotron (1901-1958)
    E. O. Lawrence; Lawrence.

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james_prescott_joule

  • noun English physicist who established the mechanical theory of heat and discovered the first law of thermodynamics (1818-1889)
    Joule.

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huygens

  • noun Dutch physicist who first formulated the wave theory of light (1629-1695)
    Christiaan Huygens; Christian Huygens.

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weber

  • noun a unit of magnetic flux equal to 100,000,000 maxwells
    Wb.
  • noun German physicist and brother of E. H. Weber; noted for his studies of terrestrial magnetism (1804-1891)
    Wilhelm Eduard Weber.

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electrostatics

  • noun the branch of physics that deals with static electricity

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kelvin

  • noun the basic unit of thermodynamic temperature adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites
    K.
  • noun British physicist who invented the Kelvin scale of temperature and pioneered undersea telegraphy (1824-1907)
    William Thompson; First Baron Kelvin.

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third_baron_rayleigh

  • noun English physicist who studied the density of gases and discovered argon; made important contributions to acoustic theory (1842-1919)
    Lord Rayleigh; John William Strutt; Rayleigh.

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nobel

  • noun Swedish chemist remembered for his invention of dynamite and for the bequest that created the Nobel prizes (1833-1896)
    Alfred Bernhard Nobel; Alfred Nobel.

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ludwig_boltzmann

  • noun Austrian physicist who contributed to the kinetic theory of gases (1844-1906)
    Boltzmann.

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australian

Of or pertaining to Australia. -- n. A native or an inhabitant of Australia.

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gamow

  • noun United States physicist (born in Russia) who was a proponent of the big-bang theory and who did research in radioactivity and suggested the triplet code for DNA (1904-1968)
    George Gamow.

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nernst

  • noun German physicist and chemist who formulated the third law of thermodynamics (1864-1941)
    Walther Hermann Nernst.

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william_herschel

  • noun English astronomer (born in Germany) who discovered infrared light and who catalogued the stars and discovered the planet Uranus (1738-1822)
    Herschel; Sir William Herschel; Sir Frederick William Herschel.

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ernest_rutherford

  • noun British physicist (born in New Zealand) who discovered the atomic nucleus and proposed a nuclear model of the atom (1871-1937)
    First Baron Rutherford; Rutherford; First Baron Rutherford of Nelson.

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victor_franz_hess

  • noun United States physicist (born in Austria) who was a discoverer of cosmic radiation (1883-1964)
    Victor Hess; Hess.

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laplace

  • noun French mathematician and astronomer who formulated the nebular hypothesis concerning the origins of the solar system and who developed the theory of probability (1749-1827)
    Marquis de Laplace; Pierre Simon de Laplace.

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thomas_young

  • noun British physicist and Egyptologist; he revived the wave theory of light and proposed a three-component theory of color vision; he also played an important role in deciphering the hieroglyphics on the Rosetta Stone (1773-1829)
    Young.

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wigner

  • noun United States physicist (born in Hungary) noted for his work on the structure of the atom and its nucleus (1902-1995)
    Eugene Wigner; Eugene Paul Wigner.

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andrei_dimitrievich_sakharov

  • noun Soviet physicist and dissident; helped develop the first Russian hydrogen bomb; advocated nuclear disarmament and campaigned for human rights (1921-1989)
    Andrei Sakharov; Sakharov.

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player

  • noun a person who participates in or is skilled at some game
    participant.
  • noun someone who plays a musical instrument (as a profession)
    musician; instrumentalist.

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d

  • noun a fat-soluble vitamin that prevents rickets
    calciferol; viosterol; cholecalciferol; vitamin D; ergocalciferol.
  • noun the cardinal number that is the product of one hundred and five
    five hundred; 500.

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becquerel

  • noun French physicist who discovered that rays emitted by uranium salts affect photographic plates (1852-1908)
    Henri Becquerel; Antoine Henri Becquerel.

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evangelista_torricelli

  • noun Italian physicist who invented the mercury barometer (1608-1647)
    Torricelli.

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biophysicist

  • noun a physicist who applies the methods of physics to biology

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sir_charles_wheatstone

  • noun English physicist and inventor who devised the Wheatstone bridge (1802-1875)
    Wheatstone.

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donald_glaser

  • noun United States physicist who invented the bubble chamber to study subatomic particles (born in 1926)
    Glaser; Donald Arthur Glaser.

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georg_simon_ohm

  • noun German physicist who formulated Ohm's law (1787-1854)
    Ohm.

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aleksandr_prokhorov

  • noun Russian physicist whose research into ways of moving electrons around atoms led to the development of masers and lasers for producing high-intensity radiation (1916-2002)
    Aleksandr Mikjailovich Prokhorov; Prokhorov.

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lovell

  • noun English astronomer who pioneered radio astronomy (born in 1913)
    Sir Bernard Lovell; Sir Alfred Charles Bernard Lovell.

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high

  • noun a lofty level or position or degree
    • summer temperatures reached an all-time high
  • noun an air mass of higher than normal pressure
    • the east coast benefits from a Bermuda high

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thompson

  • noun United States classical archaeologist (born in Canada) noted for leading the excavation of the Athenian agora (1906-2000)
    Homer A. Thompson; Homer Armstrong Thompson; Homer Thompson.
  • noun English physicist (born in America) who studied heat and friction; experiments convinced him that heat is caused by moving particles (1753-1814)
    Count Rumford; Benjamin Thompson.

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eratosthenes

  • noun Greek mathematician and astronomer who estimated the circumference of the earth and the distances to the Moon and sun (276-194 BC)

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christiaan_huygens

  • noun Dutch physicist who first formulated the wave theory of light (1629-1695)
    Christian Huygens; Huygens.

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broglie

  • noun French nuclear physicist who generalized the wave-particle duality by proposing that particles of matter exhibit wavelike properties (1892-1987)
    de Broglie; Louis Victor de Broglie.

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yukawa

  • noun Japanese mathematical physicist who proposed that nuclear forces are mediated by massive particles called mesons which are analogous to the photon in mediating electromagnetic forces (1907-1981)
    Hideki Yukawa.

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ibn_al-haytham

  • noun an Egyptian polymath (born in Iraq) whose research in geometry and optics was influential into the 17th century; established experiments as the norm of proof in physics (died in 1040)
    Al-Hasan ibn al-Haytham; Alhacen; al-Haytham; Alhazen.

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tyndall

  • noun British physicist (born in Ireland) remembered for his experiments on the transparency of gases and the absorption of radiant heat by gases and the transmission of sound through the atmosphere; he was the first person to explain why the daylight sky is blue (1820-1893)
    John Tyndall.

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brahe

  • noun Danish astronomer whose observations of the planets provided the basis for Kepler's laws of planetary motion (1546-1601)
    Tycho Brahe.

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joliot

  • noun French nuclear physicist who was Marie Curie's assistant and who worked with Marie Curie's daughter who he married (taking the name Joliot-Curie); he and his wife discovered how to synthesize new radioactive elements (1900-1958)
    Jean-Frederic Joliot-Curie; Jean-Frederic Joliot; Joliot-Curie.

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philosophy

  • noun a belief (or system of beliefs) accepted as authoritative by some group or school
    philosophical system; school of thought; ism; doctrine.
  • noun the rational investigation of questions about existence and knowledge and ethics

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baron_hermann_ludwig_ferdinand_von_helmholtz

  • noun German physiologist and physicist (1821-1894)
    Hermann von Helmholtz; Helmholtz; Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand von Helmholtz.

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biophysics

  • noun physics as applied to biological problems

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maria_mitchell

  • noun United States astronomer who studied sunspots and nebulae (1818-1889)
    Mitchell.

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heinrich_rudolph_hertz

  • noun German physicist who was the first to produce electromagnetic waves artificially (1857-1894)
    Heinrich Hertz; Hertz.

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physic

  • noun a purging medicine; stimulates evacuation of the bowels
    aperient; purgative; cathartic.

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lenard

  • noun German physicist who studied cathode rays (1862-1947)
    Philipp Lenard.

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marquis_de_laplace

  • noun French mathematician and astronomer who formulated the nebular hypothesis concerning the origins of the solar system and who developed the theory of probability (1749-1827)
    Pierre Simon de Laplace; Laplace.

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natural

  • noun someone regarded as certain to succeed
    • he's a natural for the job
  • noun a notation cancelling a previous sharp or flat
    cancel.

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otto_robert_frisch

  • noun British physicist (born in Austria) who with Lise Meitner recognized that Otto Hahn had produced a new kind of nuclear reaction which they named nuclear fission; Frisch described the explosive potential of a chain nuclear reaction (1904-1979)
    Otto Frisch; Frisch.

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wilhelm_eduard_weber

  • noun German physicist and brother of E. H. Weber; noted for his studies of terrestrial magnetism (1804-1891)
    Weber.

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maxwell

  • noun a cgs unit of magnetic flux equal to the flux perpendicular to an area of 1 square centimeter in a magnetic field of 1 gauss
    Mx.
  • noun Scottish physicist whose equations unified electricity and magnetism and who recognized the electromagnetic nature of light (1831-1879)
    James Clerk Maxwell; J. C. Maxwell.

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gerard_peter_kuiper

  • noun United States astronomer (born in the Netherlands) who studied the solar system and suggested in 1951 that there is a belt of comet-like debris at the edge of the solar system (1905-1973)
    Gerard Kuiper; Kuiper.

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johannes_kepler

  • noun German astronomer who first stated laws of planetary motion (1571-1630)
    Johan Kepler; Kepler.

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edmond_halley

  • noun English astronomer who used Newton's laws of motion to predict the period of a comet (1656-1742)
    Edmund Halley; Halley.

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murray_gell-mann

  • noun United States physicist noted for his studies of subatomic particles (born in 1929)
    Gell-Mann.

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american

Of or pertaining to America; as, the American continent: American Indians.

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herschel

  • noun English astronomer (son of William Herschel) who extended the catalogue of stars to the southern hemisphere and did pioneering work in photography (1792-1871)
    Sir John Herschel; John Herschel; Sir John Frederick William Herschel.
  • noun English astronomer (born in Germany) who discovered infrared light and who catalogued the stars and discovered the planet Uranus (1738-1822)
    William Herschel; Sir William Herschel; Sir Frederick William Herschel.

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william_bradford_shockley

  • noun United States physicist (born in England) who contributed to the development of the electronic transistor (1910-1989)
    Shockley; William Shockley.

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ptolemy

  • noun Alexandrian astronomer (of the 2nd century) who proposed a geocentric system of astronomy that was undisputed until the late Renaissance
    Claudius Ptolemaeus.
  • noun an ancient dynasty of Macedonian kings who ruled Egypt from 323 BC to 30 BC; founded by Ptolemy I and ended with Cleopatra
    Ptolemaic dynasty.

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hermann_ludwig_ferdinand_von_helmholtz

  • noun German physiologist and physicist (1821-1894)
    Hermann von Helmholtz; Helmholtz; Baron Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand von Helmholtz.

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louis_eugene_felix_neel

  • noun French physicist noted for research on magnetism (born in 1904)
    Neel.

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jean-frederic_joliot-curie

  • noun French nuclear physicist who was Marie Curie's assistant and who worked with Marie Curie's daughter who he married (taking the name Joliot-Curie); he and his wife discovered how to synthesize new radioactive elements (1900-1958)
    Joliot; Jean-Frederic Joliot; Joliot-Curie.

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john_tyndall

  • noun British physicist (born in Ireland) remembered for his experiments on the transparency of gases and the absorption of radiant heat by gases and the transmission of sound through the atmosphere; he was the first person to explain why the daylight sky is blue (1820-1893)
    Tyndall.

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helmholtz

  • noun German physiologist and physicist (1821-1894)
    Hermann von Helmholtz; Baron Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand von Helmholtz; Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand von Helmholtz.

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nathaniel_bowditch

  • noun United States mathematician and astronomer noted for his works on navigation (1773-1838)
    Bowditch.

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sir_john_frederick_william_herschel

  • noun English astronomer (son of William Herschel) who extended the catalogue of stars to the southern hemisphere and did pioneering work in photography (1792-1871)
    Sir John Herschel; Herschel; John Herschel.

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al-haytham

  • noun an Egyptian polymath (born in Iraq) whose research in geometry and optics was influential into the 17th century; established experiments as the norm of proof in physics (died in 1040)
    Al-Hasan ibn al-Haytham; Ibn al-Haytham; Alhacen; Alhazen.

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nicolas_leonard_sadi_carnot

  • noun French physicist who founded thermodynamics (1796-1832)
    Sadi Carnot; Carnot.

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van_allen

  • noun United States physicist who discovered two belts of charged particles from the solar wind trapped by the Earth's magnetic field (born in 1914)
    James Alfred Van Allen.

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galileo_galilei

  • noun Italian astronomer and mathematician who was the first to use a telescope to study the stars; demonstrated that different weights descend at the same rate; perfected the refracting telescope that enabled him to make many discoveries (1564-1642)
    Galileo.

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bardeen

  • noun United States physicist who won the Nobel prize for physics twice (1908-1991)
    John Bardeen.

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ernest_thomas_sinton_walton

  • noun Irish physicist who (with Sir John Cockcroft in 1931) first split an atom (1903-1995)
    Ernest Walton; Walton; E. T. S. Walton.

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james_franck

  • noun United States physicist (born in Germany) who with Gustav Hertz performed an electron scattering experiment that proved the existence of the stationary energy states postulated by Niels Bohr (1882-1964)
    Franck.

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food

  • noun any substance that can be metabolized by an animal to give energy and build tissue
    nutrient.
  • noun any solid substance (as opposed to liquid) that is used as a source of nourishment
    solid food.
    • food and drink

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thales_of_miletus

  • noun a presocratic Greek philosopher and astronomer (who predicted an eclipse in 585 BC) who was said by Aristotle to be the founder of physical science; he held that all things originated in water (624-546 BC)
    Thales.

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joliot-curie

  • noun French physicist who (with her husband) synthesized new chemical elements (1897-1956)
    Irene Joliot-Curie.
  • noun French nuclear physicist who was Marie Curie's assistant and who worked with Marie Curie's daughter who he married (taking the name Joliot-Curie); he and his wife discovered how to synthesize new radioactive elements (1900-1958)
    Joliot; Jean-Frederic Joliot-Curie; Jean-Frederic Joliot.

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high-energy_physics

  • noun the branch of physics that studies subatomic particles and their interactions
    high energy physics; particle physics.

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shapley

  • noun United States astronomer (1885-1972)
    Harlow Shapley.

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newton

  • noun English mathematician and physicist; remembered for developing the calculus and for his law of gravitation and his three laws of motion (1642-1727)
    Sir Isaac Newton; Isaac Newton.
  • noun a unit of force equal to the force that imparts an acceleration of 1 m/sec/sec to a mass of 1 kilogram; equal to 100,000 dynes
    N.

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aleksandr_mikjailovich_prokhorov

  • noun Russian physicist whose research into ways of moving electrons around atoms led to the development of masers and lasers for producing high-intensity radiation (1916-2002)
    Prokhorov; Aleksandr Prokhorov.

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celsius

  • noun Swedish astronomer who devised the centigrade thermometer (1701-1744)
    Anders Celsius.

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henry_cavendish

  • noun British chemist and physicist who established that water is a compound of hydrogen and oxygen and who calculated the density of the earth (1731-1810)
    Cavendish.

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johannes_diderik_van_der_waals

  • noun Dutch physicist (1837-1923)
    van der Waals; Johannes van der Waals.

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energy

  • noun (physics) a thermodynamic quantity equivalent to the capacity of a physical system to do work; the units of energy are joules or ergs
    free energy.
    • energy can take a wide variety of forms
  • noun forceful exertion
    vigor; vigour; zip.
    • he plays tennis with great energy
    • he's full of zip

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heinrich_hertz

  • noun German physicist who was the first to produce electromagnetic waves artificially (1857-1894)
    Hertz; Heinrich Rudolph Hertz.

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quantum

  • noun a discrete amount of something that is analogous to the quantities in quantum theory
  • noun (physics) the smallest discrete quantity of some physical property that a system can possess (according to quantum theory)

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particle_physics

  • noun the branch of physics that studies subatomic particles and their interactions
    high-energy physics; high energy physics.

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gerard_kuiper

  • noun United States astronomer (born in the Netherlands) who studied the solar system and suggested in 1951 that there is a belt of comet-like debris at the edge of the solar system (1905-1973)
    Gerard Peter Kuiper; Kuiper.

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george_paget_thomson

  • noun English physicist (son of Joseph John Thomson) who was a co-discoverer of the diffraction of electrons by crystals (1892-1975)
    Sir George Paget Thomson; Thomson.

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brockhouse

  • noun Canadian physicist who bounced neutron beams off of atomic nuclei to study the structure of matter (1918-2003)
    Bertram Brockhouse.

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sir_bernard_lovell

  • noun English astronomer who pioneered radio astronomy (born in 1913)
    Lovell; Sir Alfred Charles Bernard Lovell.

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nuclear_physicist

  • noun a physicist who specializes in nuclear physics

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atomic_physics

  • noun the branch of physics that studies the internal structure of atomic nuclei
    nucleonics; nuclear physics.

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ernest_walton

  • noun Irish physicist who (with Sir John Cockcroft in 1931) first split an atom (1903-1995)
    Walton; Ernest Thomas Sinton Walton; E. T. S. Walton.

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chen_n._yang

  • noun United States physicist (born in China) who collaborated with Tsung Dao Lee in disproving the principle of conservation of parity (born in 1922)
    Yang Chen Ning.

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schiaparelli

  • noun Italian astronomer who first noted lines (which he called canals) on the surface of Mars (1835-1910)
    Giovanni Virginio Schiaparelli.
  • noun fashion designer born in Italy who was noted for her use of synthetic materials and brilliant colors (1896-1973)
    Elsa Schiaparelli.

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electronics

  • noun the branch of physics that deals with the emission and effects of electrons and with the use of electronic devices

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willem_de_sitter

  • noun Dutch astronomer who calculated the size of the universe and suggested that it is expanding (1872-1934)
    Sitter.

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simon_newcomb

  • noun United States astronomer (1835-1909)
    Newcomb.

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compton

  • noun United States physicist noted for research on x-rays and gamma rays and nuclear energy; his observation that X-rays behave like miniature bowling balls in their interactions with electrons provided evidence for the quantal nature of light (1892-1962)
    Arthur Holly Compton; Arthur Compton.

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niels_henrik_david_bohr

  • noun Danish physicist who studied atomic structure and radiations; the Bohr theory of the atom accounted for the spectrum of hydrogen (1885-1962)
    Niels Bohr; Bohr.

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pierre_simon_de_laplace

  • noun French mathematician and astronomer who formulated the nebular hypothesis concerning the origins of the solar system and who developed the theory of probability (1749-1827)
    Marquis de Laplace; Laplace.

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weinberg

  • noun United States theoretical physicist (born in 1933)
    Steven Weinberg.

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shockley

  • noun United States physicist (born in England) who contributed to the development of the electronic transistor (1910-1989)
    William Bradford Shockley; William Shockley.

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hideki_yukawa

  • noun Japanese mathematical physicist who proposed that nuclear forces are mediated by massive particles called mesons which are analogous to the photon in mediating electromagnetic forces (1907-1981)
    Yukawa.

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carnot

  • noun French physicist who founded thermodynamics (1796-1832)
    Nicolas Leonard Sadi Carnot; Sadi Carnot.

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svante_august_arrhenius

  • noun Swedish chemist and physicist noted for his theory of chemical dissociation (1859-1927)
    Arrhenius.

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donald_arthur_glaser

  • noun United States physicist who invented the bubble chamber to study subatomic particles (born in 1926)
    Glaser; Donald Glaser.

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gustav_robert_kirchhoff

  • noun German physicist who with Bunsen pioneered spectrum analysis and formulated two laws governing electric networks (1824-1887)
    G. R. Kirchhoff; Kirchhoff.

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amedeo_avogadro

  • noun Italian physicist noted for his work on gases; proposed what has come to be called Avogadro's law (1776-1856)
    Avogadro.

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oort

  • noun Dutch astronomer who proved that the galaxy is rotating and proposed the existence of the Oort cloud (1900-1992)
    Jan Hendrix Oort.

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rittenhouse

  • noun United States astronomer said to have built the first telescope made in America; also the first director of the United States Mint (1732-1796)
    David Rittenhouse.

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arrhenius

  • noun Swedish chemist and physicist noted for his theory of chemical dissociation (1859-1927)
    Svante August Arrhenius.

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kepler

  • noun German astronomer who first stated laws of planetary motion (1571-1630)
    Johan Kepler; Johannes Kepler.

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faraday

  • noun the English physicist and chemist who discovered electromagnetic induction (1791-1867)
    Michael Faraday.

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philip_warren_anderson

  • noun United States physicist who studied the electronic structure of magnetic and disordered systems (1923-)
    Anderson; Philip Anderson; Phil Anderson.

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a._a._michelson

  • noun United States physicist (born in Germany) who collaborated with Morley in the Michelson-Morley experiment (1852-1931)
    Michelson; Albert Michelson; Albert Abraham Michelson.

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arthur_compton

  • noun United States physicist noted for research on x-rays and gamma rays and nuclear energy; his observation that X-rays behave like miniature bowling balls in their interactions with electrons provided evidence for the quantal nature of light (1892-1962)
    Arthur Holly Compton; Compton.

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copernicus

  • noun Polish astronomer who produced a workable model of the solar system with the sun in the center (1473-1543)
    Mikolaj Kopernik; Nicolaus Copernicus.
  • noun a conspicuous crater on the Moon

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hans_albrecht_bethe

  • noun United States physicist (born in Germany) noted for research in astrophysics and nuclear physics (1906-2005)
    Bethe; Hans Bethe.

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david_rittenhouse

  • noun United States astronomer said to have built the first telescope made in America; also the first director of the United States Mint (1732-1796)
    Rittenhouse.

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cosmologist

  • noun an astronomer who studies the evolution and space-time relations of the universe

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hertz

  • noun the unit of frequency; one hertz has a periodic interval of one second
    Hz; cycles/second; cycle per second; cps; cycle.
  • noun German physicist who was the first to produce electromagnetic waves artificially (1857-1894)
    Heinrich Hertz; Heinrich Rudolph Hertz.

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astronautics

  • noun the theory and practice of navigation through air or space
    aeronautics.

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gilbert

  • noun a unit of magnetomotive force equal to 0.7958 ampere-turns
    Gb; Gi.
  • noun a librettist who was a collaborator with Sir Arthur Sullivan in a famous series of comic operettas (1836-1911)
    William Gilbert; Sir William Gilbert; William S. Gilbert; William Schwenk Gilbert.

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bessel

  • noun German mathematician and astronomer who made accurate measurements of stellar distances and who predicted the existence on an 8th planet (1784-1846)
    Friedrich Wilhelm Bessel.

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basketball

  • noun a game played on a court by two opposing teams of 5 players; points are scored by throwing the ball through an elevated horizontal hoop
    hoops; basketball game.
  • noun an inflated ball used in playing basketball

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newtonian

  • noun a follower of Isaac Newton
  • adjective of or relating to or inspired by Sir Isaac Newton or his science
    • Newtonian physics

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max_planck

  • noun German physicist whose explanation of blackbody radiation in the context of quantized energy emissions initiated quantum theory (1858-1947)
    Max Karl Ernst Ludwig Planck; Planck.

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bernoulli

  • noun Swiss physicist who contributed to hydrodynamics and mathematical physics (1700-1782)
    Daniel Bernoulli.
  • noun Swiss mathematician (1667-1748)
    John Bernoulli; Johann Bernoulli; Jean Bernoulli.

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nucleonics

  • noun the branch of physics that studies the internal structure of atomic nuclei
    nuclear physics; atomic physics.

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tycho_brahe

  • noun Danish astronomer whose observations of the planets provided the basis for Kepler's laws of planetary motion (1546-1601)
    Brahe.

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percival_lowell

  • noun United States astronomer whose studies of Mars led him to conclude that Mars was inhabited (1855-1916)
    Lowell.

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anders_celsius

  • noun Swedish astronomer who devised the centigrade thermometer (1701-1744)
    Celsius.

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isaac_newton

  • noun English mathematician and physicist; remembered for developing the calculus and for his law of gravitation and his three laws of motion (1642-1727)
    Sir Isaac Newton; Newton.

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philip_anderson

  • noun United States physicist who studied the electronic structure of magnetic and disordered systems (1923-)
    Anderson; Philip Warren Anderson; Phil Anderson.

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louis_victor_de_broglie

  • noun French nuclear physicist who generalized the wave-particle duality by proposing that particles of matter exhibit wavelike properties (1892-1987)
    de Broglie; Broglie.

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george_ellery_hale

  • noun United States astronomer who discovered that sunspots are associated with strong magnetic fields (1868-1938)
    Hale.

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first_baron_rutherford_of_nelson

  • noun British physicist (born in New Zealand) who discovered the atomic nucleus and proposed a nuclear model of the atom (1871-1937)
    First Baron Rutherford; Rutherford; Ernest Rutherford.

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anderson

  • noun United States author whose works were frequently autobiographical (1876-1941)
    Sherwood Anderson.
  • noun United States physicist who studied the electronic structure of magnetic and disordered systems (1923-)
    Philip Warren Anderson; Philip Anderson; Phil Anderson.

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christian_huygens

  • noun Dutch physicist who first formulated the wave theory of light (1629-1695)
    Christiaan Huygens; Huygens.

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james_alfred_van_allen

  • noun United States physicist who discovered two belts of charged particles from the solar wind trapped by the Earth's magnetic field (born in 1914)
    Van Allen.

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clyde_tombaugh

  • noun United States astronomer who discovered the planet Pluto (1906-1997)
    Tombaugh; Clyde William Tombaugh.

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henri_pitot

  • noun French physicist for whom the Pitot tube was named (1695-1771)
    Pitot.

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count_alessandro_volta

  • noun Italian physicist after whom the volt is named; studied electric currents and invented the voltaic pile (1745-1827)
    Volta; Conte Alessandro Giuseppe Antonio Anastasio Volta; Conte Alessandro Volta.

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sir_joseph_john_thomson

  • noun English physicist who experimented with the conduction of electricity through gases and who discovered the electron and determined its charge and mass (1856-1940)
    Joseph John Thomson; Thomson.

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satyendra_n._bose

  • noun Indian physicist who with Albert Einstein proposed statistical laws based on the indistinguishability of particles; led to the description of fundamental particles that later came to be known as bosons
    Bose; Satyendra Nath Bose.

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robert_oppenheimer

  • noun United States physicist who directed the project at Los Alamos that developed the first atomic bomb (1904-1967)
    Oppenheimer.

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sir_george_paget_thomson

  • noun English physicist (son of Joseph John Thomson) who was a co-discoverer of the diffraction of electrons by crystals (1892-1975)
    George Paget Thomson; Thomson.

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plasma_physics

  • noun the branch of physics concerned with matter in its plasma phase

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robert_woodrow_wilson

  • noun United States physicist honored for his work on cosmic microwave radiation (born in 1918)
    Wilson.

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johann_muller

  • noun German mathematician and astronomer (1436-1476)
    Regiomontanus; Muller.

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meissner

  • noun German anatomist (1829-1905)
    Georg Meissner.
  • noun German physicist (1882-1974)
    Fritz W. Meissner.

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hans_bethe

  • noun United States physicist (born in Germany) noted for research in astrophysics and nuclear physics (1906-2005)
    Hans Albrecht Bethe; Bethe.

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johannes_van_der_waals

  • noun Dutch physicist (1837-1923)
    van der Waals; Johannes Diderik van der Waals.

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lise_meitner

  • noun Swedish physicist (born in Austria) who worked in the field of radiochemistry with Otto Hahn and formulated the concept of nuclear fission with Otto Frisch (1878-1968)
    Meitner.

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hermann_von_helmholtz

  • noun German physiologist and physicist (1821-1894)
    Helmholtz; Baron Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand von Helmholtz; Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand von Helmholtz.

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foucault

  • noun French physicist who determined the speed of light and showed that it travels slower in water than in air; invented the Foucault pendulum and the gyroscope (1819-1868)
    Jean Bernard Leon Foucault.

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langley

  • noun unit of solar radiation
  • noun United States astronomer and aviation pioneer who invented the bolometer and contributed to the design of early aircraft (1834-1906)
    Samuel Pierpoint Langley.

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count_rumford

  • noun English physicist (born in America) who studied heat and friction; experiments convinced him that heat is caused by moving particles (1753-1814)
    Thompson; Benjamin Thompson.

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hale

  • noun a soldier of the American Revolution who was hanged as a spy by the British; his last words were supposed to have been `I only regret that I have but one life to give for my country' (1755-1776)
    Nathan Hale.
  • noun United States astronomer who discovered that sunspots are associated with strong magnetic fields (1868-1938)
    George Ellery Hale.

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galileo

  • noun Italian astronomer and mathematician who was the first to use a telescope to study the stars; demonstrated that different weights descend at the same rate; perfected the refracting telescope that enabled him to make many discoveries (1564-1642)
    Galileo Galilei.

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hall

  • noun an interior passage or corridor onto which rooms open
    hallway.
    • the elevators were at the end of the hall
  • noun a large entrance or reception room or area
    entrance hall; anteroom; antechamber; vestibule; foyer; lobby.

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teller

  • noun United States physicist (born in Hungary) who worked on the first atom bomb and the first hydrogen bomb (1908-2003)
    Edward Teller.
  • noun an official appointed to count the votes (especially in legislative assembly)
    vote counter.

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stephen_hawking

  • noun English theoretical physicist (born in 1942)
    Stephen William Hawking; Hawking.

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igor_yevgeneevich_tamm

  • noun Russian physicist (1895-1971)
    Igor Tamm; Tamm.

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regiomontanus

  • noun German mathematician and astronomer (1436-1476)
    Muller; Johann Muller.

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aldon

Sorry, we do not have the definition for this word.

translator

  • noun a person who translates written messages from one language to another
    transcriber.
  • noun someone who mediates between speakers of different languages
    interpreter.

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zeeman

  • noun Dutch physicist honored for his research on the influence of magnetism on radiation which showed that light is radiated by the motion of charged particles in an atom (1865-1943)
    Pieter Zeeman.

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albert_michelson

  • noun United States physicist (born in Germany) who collaborated with Morley in the Michelson-Morley experiment (1852-1931)
    A. A. Michelson; Michelson; Albert Abraham Michelson.

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nobel_prize

  • noun an annual award for outstanding contributions to chemistry or physics or physiology and medicine or literature or economics or peace

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physics

  • noun the science of matter and energy and their interactions
    natural philosophy.
    • his favorite subject was physics
  • noun the physical properties, phenomena, and laws of something
    physical science.
    • he studied the physics of radiation

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pitot

  • noun French physicist for whom the Pitot tube was named (1695-1771)
    Henri Pitot.
  • noun measuring instrument consisting of a right-angled tube with an open end that is directed in opposition to the flow of a fluid and used to measure the velocity of fluid flow
    Pitot tube.

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germane

  • adjective satellite relevant and appropriate
    • he asks questions that are germane and central to the issue

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lewis

An iron dovetailed tenon, made in sections, which can be fitted into a dovetail mortise; -- used in hoisting large stones, etc.

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james_clerk_maxwell

  • noun Scottish physicist whose equations unified electricity and magnetism and who recognized the electromagnetic nature of light (1831-1879)
    Maxwell; J. C. Maxwell.

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sir_oliver_joseph_lodge

  • noun English physicist who studied electromagnetic radiation and was a pioneer of radiotelegraphy (1851-1940)
    Lodge; Sir Oliver Lodge.

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landau

  • noun Soviet physicist who worked on low temperature physics (1908-1968)
    Lev Davidovich Landau.
  • noun a four-wheel covered carriage with a roof divided into two parts (front and back) that can be let down separately

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powell

  • noun United States general who was the first African American to serve as chief of staff; later served as Secretary of State under President George W. Bush (born 1937)
    Colin Powell; Colin luther Powell.
  • noun English physicist who discovered the pion (the first known meson) which is a subatomic particle involved in holding the nucleus together (1903-1969)
    Cecil Frank Powell.

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russell

  • noun United States religious leader who founded the sect that is now called Jehovah's Witnesses (1852-1916)
    Charles Taze Russell.
  • noun English film director (born in 1927)
    Henry Kenneth Alfred Russell; Ken Russell.

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heisenberg

  • noun German mathematical physicist noted for stating the uncertainty principle (1901-1976)
    Werner Karl Heisenberg.

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winner

  • noun the contestant who wins the contest
    victor.
  • noun a gambler who wins a bet

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state

  • noun the territory occupied by one of the constituent administrative districts of a nation
    province.
    • his state is in the deep south
  • noun the way something is with respect to its main attributes
    • the current state of knowledge
    • his state of health
    • in a weak financial state

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walton

  • noun English composer (1902-1983)
    Sir William Turner Walton; William Walton; Sir William Walton.
  • noun English writer remember for his treatise on fishing (1593-1683)
    Izaak Walton.

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steven_weinberg

  • noun United States theoretical physicist (born in 1933)
    Weinberg.

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leo_szilard

  • noun United States physicist and molecular biologist who helped develop the first atom bomb and later opposed the use of all nuclear weapons (1898-1964)
    Szilard.

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enrico_fermi

  • noun Italian nuclear physicist (in the United States after 1939) who worked on artificial radioactivity caused by neutron bombardment and who headed the group that in 1942 produced the first controlled nuclear reaction (1901-1954)
    Fermi.

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henri_becquerel

  • noun French physicist who discovered that rays emitted by uranium salts affect photographic plates (1852-1908)
    Becquerel; Antoine Henri Becquerel.

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hungarian

Of or pertaining to Hungary or to the people of Hungary. -- n. A native or one of the people of Hungary.

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de

  • noun a Mid-Atlantic state; one of the original 13 colonies
    Diamond State; Delaware; First State.

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alexander

  • noun European herb somewhat resembling celery widely naturalized in Britain coastal regions and often cultivated as a potherb
    Smyrnium olusatrum; Alexanders; black lovage; horse parsley.
  • noun king of Macedon; conqueror of Greece and Egypt and Persia; founder of Alexandria (356-323 BC)
    Alexander the Great.

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wheatstone

  • noun English physicist and inventor who devised the Wheatstone bridge (1802-1875)
    Sir Charles Wheatstone.

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fresnel

  • noun French physicist who invented polarized light and invented the Fresnel lens (1788-1827)
    Augustin Jean Fresnel.

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lorentz

  • noun Dutch physicist noted for work on electromagnetic theory (1853-1928)
    Hendrik Antoon Lorentz.

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charles_thomson_rees_wilson

  • noun Scottish physicist who invented the cloud chamber (1869-1959)
    Wilson.

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baron_jean_baptiste_joseph_fourier

  • noun French mathematician who developed Fourier analysis and studied the conduction of heat (1768-1830)
    Jean Baptiste Joseph Fourier; Fourier.

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dalton

  • noun English chemist and physicist who formulated atomic theory and the law of partial pressures; gave the first description of red-green color blindness (1766-1844)
    John Dalton.

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klaus_fuchs

  • noun British physicist who was born in Germany and fled Nazi persecution; in the 1940s he passed secret information to the USSR about the development of the atom bomb in the United States (1911-1988)
    Fuchs; Emil Klaus Julius Fuchs.

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franck

  • noun French composer and teacher who influenced a generation of composers (1822-1890)
    Cesar Franck.
  • noun United States physicist (born in Germany) who with Gustav Hertz performed an electron scattering experiment that proved the existence of the stationary energy states postulated by Niels Bohr (1882-1964)
    James Franck.

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reaumur

  • noun French physicist who invented the alcohol thermometer (1683-1757)
    Rene Antoine Ferchault de Reaumur.

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robert_van_de_graaff

  • noun United States physicist (1901-1967)
    Robert Jemison Van de Graaff; Van de Graaff.

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voshon

Sorry, we do not have the definition for this word.

mossbauer

  • noun German physicist (born in 1929)
    Rudolf Ludwig Mossbauer.

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alhacen

  • noun an Egyptian polymath (born in Iraq) whose research in geometry and optics was influential into the 17th century; established experiments as the norm of proof in physics (died in 1040)
    Al-Hasan ibn al-Haytham; Ibn al-Haytham; al-Haytham; Alhazen.

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pauli

  • noun United States physicist (born in Austria) who proposed the exclusion principle (thus providing a theoretical basis for the periodic table) (1900-1958)
    Wolfgang Pauli.

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Waals

Sorry, we do not have the definition for this word.

gustav_ludwig_hertz

  • noun German physicist who with James Franck proved the existence of the stationary energy states postulated by Bohr (1887-1975)
    Gustav Hertz; Hertz.

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sport

  • noun an active diversion requiring physical exertion and competition
    athletics.
  • noun the occupation of athletes who compete for pay

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appleton

  • noun English physicist remembered for his studies of the ionosphere (1892-1966)
    Edward Appleton; Sir Edward Victor Appleton.
  • noun a town in eastern Wisconsin

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henry_norris_russell

  • noun United States astronomer who developed a theory of stellar evolution (1877-1957)
    Henry Russell; Russell.

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gabriel_lippmann

  • noun French physicist who developed the first color photographic process (1845-1921)
    Lippmann.

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augustin_jean_fresnel

  • noun French physicist who invented polarized light and invented the Fresnel lens (1788-1827)
    Fresnel.

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nuclear

  • adjective (weapons) deriving destructive energy from the release of atomic energy
    atomic.
    • nuclear war
    • nuclear weapons
    • atomic bombs
  • adjective of or relating to or constituting the nucleus of an atom
    • nuclear physics
    • nuclear fission
    • nuclear forces

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sir_oliver_lodge

  • noun English physicist who studied electromagnetic radiation and was a pioneer of radiotelegraphy (1851-1940)
    Lodge; Sir Oliver Joseph Lodge.

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boltzmann

  • noun Austrian physicist who contributed to the kinetic theory of gases (1844-1906)
    Ludwig Boltzmann.

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first_baron_kelvin

  • noun British physicist who invented the Kelvin scale of temperature and pioneered undersea telegraphy (1824-1907)
    Kelvin; William Thompson.

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conte_alessandro_giuseppe_antonio_anastasio_volta

  • noun Italian physicist after whom the volt is named; studied electric currents and invented the voltaic pile (1745-1827)
    Volta; Count Alessandro Volta; Conte Alessandro Volta.

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dewar

  • noun vacuum flask that holds liquid air or helium for scientific experiments
    Dewar flask.
  • noun Scottish chemist and physicist noted for his work in cryogenics and his invention of the Dewar flask (1842-1923)
    Sir James Dewar.

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robert_hutchings_goddard

  • noun United States physicist who developed the first successful liquid-fueled rocket (1882-1945)
    Goddard.

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cryogeny

  • noun the branch of physics that studies the phenomena that occur at very low temperatures
    cryogenics.

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thales

  • noun a presocratic Greek philosopher and astronomer (who predicted an eclipse in 585 BC) who was said by Aristotle to be the founder of physical science; he held that all things originated in water (624-546 BC)
    Thales of Miletus.

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jacques_charles

  • noun French physicist and author of Charles's law which anticipated Gay-Lussac's law (1746-1823)
    Charles; Jacques Alexandre Cesar Charles.

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satyendra_nath_bose

  • noun Indian physicist who with Albert Einstein proposed statistical laws based on the indistinguishability of particles; led to the description of fundamental particles that later came to be known as bosons
    Bose; Satyendra N. Bose.

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samuel_pierpoint_langley

  • noun United States astronomer and aviation pioneer who invented the bolometer and contributed to the design of early aircraft (1834-1906)
    Langley.

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astrophysicist

  • noun an astronomer who studies the physical properties of celestial bodies

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aristarchus_of_samos

  • noun an ancient Greek astronomer who was one of the first to propose a heliocentric theory of the universe (circa 270 BC)

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thomson

  • noun United States composer who collaborated with Gertrude Stein (1896-1989)
    Virgil Garnett Thomson; Virgil Thomson.
  • noun United States electrical engineer (born in England) who in 1892 formed a company with Thomas Edison (1853-1937)
    Elihu Thomson.

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rudolf_ludwig_mossbauer

  • noun German physicist (born in 1929)
    Mossbauer.

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michelson

  • noun United States physicist (born in Germany) who collaborated with Morley in the Michelson-Morley experiment (1852-1931)
    A. A. Michelson; Albert Michelson; Albert Abraham Michelson.

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victor_hess

  • noun United States physicist (born in Austria) who was a discoverer of cosmic radiation (1883-1964)
    Victor Franz Hess; Hess.

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pieter_zeeman

  • noun Dutch physicist honored for his research on the influence of magnetism on radiation which showed that light is radiated by the motion of charged particles in an atom (1865-1943)
    Zeeman.

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bethe

  • noun United States physicist (born in Germany) noted for research in astrophysics and nuclear physics (1906-2005)
    Hans Albrecht Bethe; Hans Bethe.

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roentgen

  • noun a unit of radiation exposure; the dose of ionizing radiation that will produce 1 electrostatic unit of electricity in 1 cc of dry air
    R.
  • noun German physicist who discovered x-rays and developed roentgenography (1845-1923)
    Wilhelm Konrad Roentgen; Rontgen; Wilhelm Konrad Rontgen.

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tombaugh

  • noun United States astronomer who discovered the planet Pluto (1906-1997)
    Clyde William Tombaugh; Clyde Tombaugh.

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herzberg

  • noun Canadian physicist (born in Germany) noted for contributions to understanding the structure of molecules (born in 1904)
    Gerhard Herzberg.

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thermodynamics

  • noun the branch of physics concerned with the conversion of different forms of energy

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tamm

  • noun Russian physicist (1895-1971)
    Igor Tamm; Igor Yevgeneevich Tamm.

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mark

  • noun a number or letter indicating quality (especially of a student's performance)
    grade; score.
    • she made good marks in algebra
    • grade A milk
    • what was your score on your homework?
  • noun a distinguishing symbol
    marker; marking.
    • the owner's mark was on all the sheep

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gerhard_herzberg

  • noun Canadian physicist (born in Germany) noted for contributions to understanding the structure of molecules (born in 1904)
    Herzberg.

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sir_james_dewar

  • noun Scottish chemist and physicist noted for his work in cryogenics and his invention of the Dewar flask (1842-1923)
    Dewar.

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friedrich_wilhelm_bessel

  • noun German mathematician and astronomer who made accurate measurements of stellar distances and who predicted the existence on an 8th planet (1784-1846)
    Bessel.

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mach

  • noun Austrian physicist and philosopher who introduced the Mach number and who founded logical positivism (1838-1916)
    Ernst Mach.

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andrei_sakharov

  • noun Soviet physicist and dissident; helped develop the first Russian hydrogen bomb; advocated nuclear disarmament and campaigned for human rights (1921-1989)
    Andrei Dimitrievich Sakharov; Sakharov.

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tsung_dao_lee

  • noun United States physicist (born in China) who collaborated with Yang Chen Ning in disproving the principle of conservation of parity (born in 1926)
    Lee.

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benjamin_peirce

  • noun United States mathematician and astronomer remembered for his studies of Uranus and Saturn and Neptune (1809-1880)
    Peirce.

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robert_andrews_millikan

  • noun United States physicist who isolated the electron and measured its charge (1868-1953)
    Millikan.

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fritz_w._meissner

  • noun German physicist (1882-1974)
    Meissner.

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paul_adrien_maurice_dirac

  • noun English theoretical physicist who applied relativity theory to quantum mechanics and predicted the existence of antimatter and the positron (1902-1984)
    Dirac.

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otto_frisch

  • noun British physicist (born in Austria) who with Lise Meitner recognized that Otto Hahn had produced a new kind of nuclear reaction which they named nuclear fission; Frisch described the explosive potential of a chain nuclear reaction (1904-1979)
    Otto Robert Frisch; Frisch.

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uranology

  • noun the branch of physics that studies celestial bodies and the universe as a whole
    astronomy.

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john_bardeen

  • noun United States physicist who won the Nobel prize for physics twice (1908-1991)
    Bardeen.

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physician

  • noun a licensed medical practitioner
    MD; medico; doc; doctor; Dr..
    • I felt so bad I went to see my doctor

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solid

  • noun matter that is solid at room temperature and pressure
  • noun the state in which a substance has no tendency to flow under moderate stress; resists forces (such as compression) that tend to deform it; and retains a definite size and shape
    solidness; solid state.

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kuiper

  • noun United States astronomer (born in the Netherlands) who studied the solar system and suggested in 1951 that there is a belt of comet-like debris at the edge of the solar system (1905-1973)
    Gerard Peter Kuiper; Gerard Kuiper.

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hypatia

  • noun Greek philosopher and astronomer; she invented the astrolabe (370-415)

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planck

  • noun German physicist whose explanation of blackbody radiation in the context of quantized energy emissions initiated quantum theory (1858-1947)
    Max Karl Ernst Ludwig Planck; Max Planck.

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goddard

  • noun United States physicist who developed the first successful liquid-fueled rocket (1882-1945)
    Robert Hutchings Goddard.

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joseph_john_thomson

  • noun English physicist who experimented with the conduction of electricity through gases and who discovered the electron and determined its charge and mass (1856-1940)
    Sir Joseph John Thomson; Thomson.

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lenard

  • noun German physicist who studied cathode rays (1862-1947)
    Philipp Lenard.

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robert_jemison_van_de_graaff

  • noun United States physicist (1901-1967)
    Robert Van de Graaff; Van de Graaff.

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hans_christian_oersted

  • noun Danish physicist (1777-1851)
    Oersted.

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carl_david_anderson

  • noun United States physicist who discovered antimatter in the form of an antielectron that is called the positron (1905-1991)
    Anderson; Carl Anderson.

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sitter

  • noun Dutch astronomer who calculated the size of the universe and suggested that it is expanding (1872-1934)
    Willem de Sitter.
  • noun an organism (person or animal) that sits

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alhazen

  • noun an Egyptian polymath (born in Iraq) whose research in geometry and optics was influential into the 17th century; established experiments as the norm of proof in physics (died in 1040)
    Al-Hasan ibn al-Haytham; Ibn al-Haytham; Alhacen; al-Haytham.

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crookes

  • noun English chemist and physicist; discovered thallium; invented the radiometer and studied cathode rays (1832-1919)
    William Crookes; Sir William Crookes.
  • verb bend or cause to bend
    crook; curve.
    • He crooked his index finger
    • the road curved sharply

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lowell

  • noun United States poet (1917-1977)
    Robert Lowell; Robert Traill Spence Lowell Jr..
  • noun United States astronomer whose studies of Mars led him to conclude that Mars was inhabited (1855-1916)
    Percival Lowell.

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john_van_vleck

  • noun United States physicist (1899-1980)
    Van Vleck; John Hasbrouck Van Vleck.

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gabor

  • noun British physicist (born in Hungary) noted for his work on holography (1900-1979)
    Dennis Gabor.

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erwin_schrodinger

  • noun Austrian physicist who discovered the wave equation (1887-1961)
    Schrodinger.

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gay-lussac

  • noun French chemist and physicist who first isolated boron and who formulated the law describing the behavior of gases under constant pressure (1778-1850)
    Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac.

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sir_alfred_charles_bernard_lovell

  • noun English astronomer who pioneered radio astronomy (born in 1913)
    Sir Bernard Lovell; Lovell.

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glaser

  • noun United States physicist who invented the bubble chamber to study subatomic particles (born in 1926)
    Donald Arthur Glaser; Donald Glaser.

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omar_khayyam

  • noun Persian poet and mathematician and astronomer whose poetry was popularized by Edward Fitzgerald's translation (1050-1123)

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esaki

  • noun physicist honored for advances in solid state electronics (born in Japan in 1925)
    Leo Esaki.

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curie

  • noun a unit of radioactivity equal to the amount of a radioactive isotope that decays at the rate of 37,000,000,000 disintegrations per second
    Ci.
  • noun French physicist; husband of Marie Curie (1859-1906)
    Pierre Curie.

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william_hyde_wollaston

  • noun English chemist and physicist who discovered palladium and rhodium and demonstrated that static and current electricity are the same (1766-1828)
    Wollaston.

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sir_john_cockcroft

  • noun British physicist who (with Ernest Walton in 1931) first split an atom (1897-1967)
    Cockcroft; Sir John Douglas Cockcroft.

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de_broglie

  • noun French nuclear physicist who generalized the wave-particle duality by proposing that particles of matter exhibit wavelike properties (1892-1987)
    Broglie; Louis Victor de Broglie.

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fourier

  • noun French mathematician who developed Fourier analysis and studied the conduction of heat (1768-1830)
    Baron Jean Baptiste Joseph Fourier; Jean Baptiste Joseph Fourier.
  • noun French sociologist and reformer who hoped to achieve universal harmony by reorganizing society (1772-1837)
    Charles Fourier; Francois Marie Charles Fourier.

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mitchell

  • noun English aeronautical engineer (1895-1937)
    R. J. Mitchell; Reginald Joseph Mitchell.
  • noun United States aviator and general who was an early advocate of military air power (1879-1936)
    Billy Mitchell; William Mitchell.

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electromagnetism

  • noun magnetism produced by an electric current
    • electromagnetism was discovered when it was observed that a copper wire carrying an electric current can magnetize pieces of iron or steel near it
  • noun the branch of physics concerned with electromagnetic phenomena
    electromagnetics.

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acoustics

  • noun the study of the physical properties of sound
  • noun a remedy for hearing loss or deafness
    acoustic.

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walther_hermann_nernst

  • noun German physicist and chemist who formulated the third law of thermodynamics (1864-1941)
    Nernst.

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neel

  • noun French physicist noted for research on magnetism (born in 1904)
    Louis Eugene Felix Neel.

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person

  • noun a human being
    someone; somebody; soul; individual; mortal.
    • there was too much for one person to do
  • noun a human body (usually including the clothing)
    • a weapon was hidden on his person

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irene_joliot-curie

  • noun French physicist who (with her husband) synthesized new chemical elements (1897-1956)
    Joliot-Curie.

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volta

  • noun Italian physicist after whom the volt is named; studied electric currents and invented the voltaic pile (1745-1827)
    Conte Alessandro Giuseppe Antonio Anastasio Volta; Count Alessandro Volta; Conte Alessandro Volta.
  • noun a river in Ghana that flows south to the Bight of Benin

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schrodinger

  • noun Austrian physicist who discovered the wave equation (1887-1961)
    Erwin Schrodinger.

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sir_william_huggins

  • noun English astronomer who pioneered spectroscopic analysis in astronomy and who discovered the red shift (1824-1910)
    Huggins.

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gell-mann

  • noun United States physicist noted for his studies of subatomic particles (born in 1929)
    Murray Gell-Mann.

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carl_anderson

  • noun United States physicist who discovered antimatter in the form of an antielectron that is called the positron (1905-1991)
    Anderson; Carl David Anderson.

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atomic

  • adjective of or relating to or comprising atoms
    • atomic structure
    • atomic hydrogen
  • adjective (weapons) deriving destructive energy from the release of atomic energy
    nuclear.
    • nuclear war
    • nuclear weapons
    • atomic bombs

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karl_alex_muller

  • noun Swiss physicist who studied superconductivity (born in 1927)
    Muller.

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john_william_strutt

  • noun English physicist who studied the density of gases and discovered argon; made important contributions to acoustic theory (1842-1919)
    Lord Rayleigh; Third Baron Rayleigh; Rayleigh.

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quantum_physics

  • noun the branch of physics based on quantum theory

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antoine_henri_becquerel

  • noun French physicist who discovered that rays emitted by uranium salts affect photographic plates (1852-1908)
    Becquerel; Henri Becquerel.

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bertram_brockhouse

  • noun Canadian physicist who bounced neutron beams off of atomic nuclei to study the structure of matter (1918-2003)
    Brockhouse.

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bose

  • noun Indian physicist who with Albert Einstein proposed statistical laws based on the indistinguishability of particles; led to the description of fundamental particles that later came to be known as bosons
    Satyendra Nath Bose; Satyendra N. Bose.

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plasma

  • noun the colorless watery fluid of the blood and lymph that contains no cells, but in which the blood cells (erythrocytes, leukocytes, and thrombocytes) are suspended
    plasm; blood plasma.
  • noun a green slightly translucent variety of chalcedony used as a gemstone

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muller

  • noun Swiss chemist who synthesized DDT and discovered its use as an insecticide (1899-1965)
    Paul Hermann Muller.
  • noun Swiss physicist who studied superconductivity (born in 1927)
    Karl Alex Muller.

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wolfgang_pauli

  • noun United States physicist (born in Austria) who proposed the exclusion principle (thus providing a theoretical basis for the periodic table) (1900-1958)
    Pauli.

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nuclear_physics

  • noun the branch of physics that studies the internal structure of atomic nuclei
    nucleonics; atomic physics.

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joseph_henry

  • noun United States physicist who studied electromagnetic phenomena (1791-1878)
    Henry.

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dirac

  • noun English theoretical physicist who applied relativity theory to quantum mechanics and predicted the existence of antimatter and the positron (1902-1984)
    Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac.

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wilson

  • noun author of the first novel by an African American that was published in the United States (1808-1870)
    Harriet Wilson.
  • noun English writer of novels and short stories (1913-1991)
    Sir Angus Wilson; Angus Frank Johnstone Wilson.

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cavendish

  • noun British chemist and physicist who established that water is a compound of hydrogen and oxygen and who calculated the density of the earth (1731-1810)
    Henry Cavendish.

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oppenheimer

  • noun United States physicist who directed the project at Los Alamos that developed the first atomic bomb (1904-1967)
    Robert Oppenheimer.

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fermi

  • noun a metric unit of length equal to one quadrillionth of a meter
    femtometer; femtometre.
  • noun Italian nuclear physicist (in the United States after 1939) who worked on artificial radioactivity caused by neutron bombardment and who headed the group that in 1942 produced the first controlled nuclear reaction (1901-1954)
    Enrico Fermi.

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anaximander

  • noun a presocratic Greek philosopher and student of Thales who believed the universal substance to be infinity rather than something resembling ordinary objects (611-547 BC)

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asaph_hall

  • noun United States astronomer who discovered Phobos and Deimos (the two satellites of Mars) (1829-1907)
    Hall.

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stargazer

  • noun someone indifferent to the busy world
    lotus-eater.
    • in the Odyssey Homer tells of lotus-eaters who live in dreamy indolence
  • noun a physicist who studies astronomy
    astronomer; uranologist.

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ohm

  • noun a unit of electrical resistance equal to the resistance between two points on a conductor when a potential difference of one volt between them produces a current of one ampere
  • noun German physicist who formulated Ohm's law (1787-1854)
    Georg Simon Ohm.

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particle

  • noun (nontechnical usage) a tiny piece of anything
    speck; atom; molecule; corpuscle; mote.
  • noun a body having finite mass and internal structure but negligible dimensions
    subatomic particle.

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william_thompson

  • noun British physicist who invented the Kelvin scale of temperature and pioneered undersea telegraphy (1824-1907)
    Kelvin; First Baron Kelvin.

More 'william_thompson' Meaning


richard_feynman

  • noun United States physicist who contributed to the theory of the interaction of photons and electrons (1918-1988)
    Feynman; Richard Phillips Feynman.

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eugene_paul_wigner

  • noun United States physicist (born in Hungary) noted for his work on the structure of the atom and its nucleus (1902-1995)
    Eugene Wigner; Wigner.

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fahrenheit

  • noun German physicist who invented the mercury thermometer and developed the scale of temperature that bears his name (1686-1736)
    Gabriel Daniel Fahrenheit.
  • adjective of or relating to a temperature scale proposed by the inventor of the mercury thermometer
    • water freezes at 32 degrees Fahrenheit under normal conditions

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astronomer

  • noun a physicist who studies astronomy
    uranologist; stargazer.

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van_der_waals

  • noun Dutch physicist (1837-1923)
    Johannes van der Waals; Johannes Diderik van der Waals.

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lee

  • noun United States filmmaker whose works explore the richness of black culture in America (born in 1957)
    Spike Lee; Shelton Jackson Lee.
  • noun United States striptease artist who became famous on Broadway in the 1930s (1914-1970)
    Rose Louise Hovick; Gypsy Rose Lee.

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gustav_theodor_fechner

  • noun German physicist who founded psychophysics; derived Fechner's law on the basis of early work by E. H. Weber (1801-1887)
    Fechner.

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jean_baptiste_joseph_fourier

  • noun French mathematician who developed Fourier analysis and studied the conduction of heat (1768-1830)
    Baron Jean Baptiste Joseph Fourier; Fourier.

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max_born

  • noun British nuclear physicist (born in Germany) honored for his contributions to quantum mechanics (1882-1970)
    Born.

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marie_goeppert_mayer

  • noun United States physicist (born in Germany) noted for her research on the structure of the atom (1906-1972)
    Mayer.

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rontgen

  • noun German physicist who discovered x-rays and developed roentgenography (1845-1923)
    Wilhelm Konrad Roentgen; Wilhelm Konrad Rontgen; Roentgen.

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g._r._kirchhoff

  • noun German physicist who with Bunsen pioneered spectrum analysis and formulated two laws governing electric networks (1824-1887)
    Gustav Robert Kirchhoff; Kirchhoff.

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van_vleck

  • noun United States physicist (1899-1980)
    John Hasbrouck Van Vleck; John Van Vleck.

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sakharov

  • noun Soviet physicist and dissident; helped develop the first Russian hydrogen bomb; advocated nuclear disarmament and campaigned for human rights (1921-1989)
    Andrei Sakharov; Andrei Dimitrievich Sakharov.

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christian_johann_doppler

  • noun Austrian physicist famous for his discovery of the Doppler effect (1803-1853)
    Doppler.

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high_energy_physics

  • noun the branch of physics that studies subatomic particles and their interactions
    high-energy physics; particle physics.

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solid-state_physics

  • noun the branch of physics that studies the properties of materials in the solid state: electrical conduction in crystals of semiconductors and metals; superconductivity; photoconductivity

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e._t._s._walton

  • noun Irish physicist who (with Sir John Cockcroft in 1931) first split an atom (1903-1995)
    Ernest Walton; Walton; Ernest Thomas Sinton Walton.

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van_de_graaff

  • noun United States physicist (1901-1967)
    Robert Jemison Van de Graaff; Robert Van de Graaff.

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giovanni_virginio_schiaparelli

  • noun Italian astronomer who first noted lines (which he called canals) on the surface of Mars (1835-1910)
    Schiaparelli.

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sir_isaac_newton

  • noun English mathematician and physicist; remembered for developing the calculus and for his law of gravitation and his three laws of motion (1642-1727)
    Isaac Newton; Newton.

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stephen_william_hawking

  • noun English theoretical physicist (born in 1942)
    Stephen Hawking; Hawking.

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huggins

  • noun English astronomer who pioneered spectroscopic analysis in astronomy and who discovered the red shift (1824-1910)
    Sir William Huggins.

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johan_kepler

  • noun German astronomer who first stated laws of planetary motion (1571-1630)
    Johannes Kepler; Kepler.

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eddington

  • noun English astronomer remembered for his popular elucidation of relativity theory (1882-1944)
    Sir Arthur Stanley Eddington.

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pierre_curie

  • noun French physicist; husband of Marie Curie (1859-1906)
    Curie.

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fuchs

  • noun British physicist who was born in Germany and fled Nazi persecution; in the 1940s he passed secret information to the USSR about the development of the atom bomb in the United States (1911-1988)
    Klaus Fuchs; Emil Klaus Julius Fuchs.

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retailer

  • noun a merchant who sells goods at retail
    retail merchant.

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young

  • noun any immature animal
    offspring.
  • noun United States film and television actress (1913-2000)
    Loretta Young.

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philipp_lenard

  • noun German physicist who studied cathode rays (1862-1947)
    Lenard.

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hawking

  • noun English theoretical physicist (born in 1942)
    Stephen Hawking; Stephen William Hawking.
  • noun the act of selling goods for a living
    vending; peddling; vendition.

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fechner

  • noun German physicist who founded psychophysics; derived Fechner's law on the basis of early work by E. H. Weber (1801-1887)
    Gustav Theodor Fechner.

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harlow_shapley

  • noun United States astronomer (1885-1972)
    Shapley.

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wilhelm_konrad_roentgen

  • noun German physicist who discovered x-rays and developed roentgenography (1845-1923)
    Rontgen; Wilhelm Konrad Rontgen; Roentgen.

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al-hasan_ibn_al-haytham

  • noun an Egyptian polymath (born in Iraq) whose research in geometry and optics was influential into the 17th century; established experiments as the norm of proof in physics (died in 1040)
    Ibn al-Haytham; Alhacen; al-Haytham; Alhazen.

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alfred_kastler

  • noun French physicist (1902-1984)
    Kastler.

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charles_augustin_de_coulomb

  • noun French physicist famous for his discoveries in the field of electricity and magnetism; formulated Coulomb's Law (1736-1806)
    Coulomb.

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van

  • noun any creative group active in the innovation and application of new concepts and techniques in a given field (especially in the arts)
    vanguard; avant-garde; new wave.
  • noun the leading units moving at the head of an army
    vanguard.

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natural_philosophy

  • noun the science of matter and energy and their interactions
    physics.
    • his favorite subject was physics

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lawrence

  • noun Roman martyr; supposedly Lawrence was ordered by the police to give up the church's treasure and when he responded by presenting the poor people of Rome he was roasted to death on a gridiron (died in 258)
    St. Lawrence; Saint Lawrence; Laurentius.
  • noun Welsh soldier who from 1916 to 1918 organized the Arab revolt against the Turks; he later wrote an account of his adventures (1888-1935)
    Thomas Edward Lawrence; T. E. Lawrence; Lawrence of Arabia.

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nicolaus_copernicus

  • noun Polish astronomer who produced a workable model of the solar system with the sun in the center (1473-1543)
    Copernicus; Mikolaj Kopernik.

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edward_teller

  • noun United States physicist (born in Hungary) who worked on the first atom bomb and the first hydrogen bomb (1908-2003)
    Teller.

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lord_rayleigh

  • noun English physicist who studied the density of gases and discovered argon; made important contributions to acoustic theory (1842-1919)
    John William Strutt; Third Baron Rayleigh; Rayleigh.

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sir_william_crookes

  • noun English chemist and physicist; discovered thallium; invented the radiometer and studied cathode rays (1832-1919)
    William Crookes; Crookes.

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avogadro

  • noun Italian physicist noted for his work on gases; proposed what has come to be called Avogadro's law (1776-1856)
    Amedeo Avogadro.

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werner_karl_heisenberg

  • noun German mathematical physicist noted for stating the uncertainty principle (1901-1976)
    Heisenberg.

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niels_bohr

  • noun Danish physicist who studied atomic structure and radiations; the Bohr theory of the atom accounted for the spectrum of hydrogen (1885-1962)
    Niels Henrik David Bohr; Bohr.

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igor_tamm

  • noun Russian physicist (1895-1971)
    Igor Yevgeneevich Tamm; Tamm.

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arthur_holly_compton

  • noun United States physicist noted for research on x-rays and gamma rays and nuclear energy; his observation that X-rays behave like miniature bowling balls in their interactions with electrons provided evidence for the quantal nature of light (1892-1962)
    Arthur Compton; Compton.

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claudius_ptolemaeus

  • noun Alexandrian astronomer (of the 2nd century) who proposed a geocentric system of astronomy that was undisputed until the late Renaissance
    Ptolemy.

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charles_townes

  • noun United States physicist who developed the laser and maser principles for producing high-intensity radiation (1915-)
    Charles Hard Townes; Townes.

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philipp_lenard

  • noun German physicist who studied cathode rays (1862-1947)
    Lenard.

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bohr

  • noun Danish physicist who studied atomic structure and radiations; the Bohr theory of the atom accounted for the spectrum of hydrogen (1885-1962)
    Niels Bohr; Niels Henrik David Bohr.

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william_crookes

  • noun English chemist and physicist; discovered thallium; invented the radiometer and studied cathode rays (1832-1919)
    Sir William Crookes; Crookes.

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jean_bernard_leon_foucault

  • noun French physicist who determined the speed of light and showed that it travels slower in water than in air; invented the Foucault pendulum and the gyroscope (1819-1868)
    Foucault.

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sir_john_herschel

  • noun English astronomer (son of William Herschel) who extended the catalogue of stars to the southern hemisphere and did pioneering work in photography (1792-1871)
    Herschel; John Herschel; Sir John Frederick William Herschel.

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archimedes

  • noun Greek mathematician and physicist noted for his work in hydrostatics and mechanics and geometry (287-212 BC)

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rene_antoine_ferchault_de_reaumur

  • noun French physicist who invented the alcohol thermometer (1683-1757)
    Reaumur.

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joseph_louis_gay-lussac

  • noun French chemist and physicist who first isolated boron and who formulated the law describing the behavior of gases under constant pressure (1778-1850)
    Gay-Lussac.

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wollaston

  • noun English chemist and physicist who discovered palladium and rhodium and demonstrated that static and current electricity are the same (1766-1828)
    William Hyde Wollaston.

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einstein

  • noun physicist born in Germany who formulated the special theory of relativity and the general theory of relativity; Einstein also proposed that light consists of discrete quantized bundles of energy (later called photons) (1879-1955)
    Albert Einstein.
  • noun someone who has exceptional intellectual ability and originality
    genius; brainiac; mastermind; brain.
    • Mozart was a child genius
    • he's smart but he's no Einstein

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mechanics

  • noun the branch of physics concerned with the motion of bodies in a frame of reference
  • noun the technical aspects of doing something
    mechanism.
    • a mechanism of social control
    • mechanisms of communication
    • the mechanics of prose style

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uranologist

  • noun a physicist who studies astronomy
    astronomer; stargazer.

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richard_phillips_feynman

  • noun United States physicist who contributed to the theory of the interaction of photons and electrons (1918-1988)
    Feynman; Richard Feynman.

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al

  • noun a silvery ductile metallic element found primarily in bauxite
    atomic number 13; aluminium; aluminum.
  • noun a state in the southeastern United States on the Gulf of Mexico; one of the Confederate states during the American Civil War
    Camellia State; Alabama; Heart of Dixie.

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szilard

  • noun United States physicist and molecular biologist who helped develop the first atom bomb and later opposed the use of all nuclear weapons (1898-1964)
    Leo Szilard.

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mayer

  • noun United States physicist (born in Germany) noted for her research on the structure of the atom (1906-1972)
    Marie Goeppert Mayer.
  • noun United States filmmaker (born in Russia) who founded his own film company and later merged with Samuel Goldwyn (1885-1957)
    Louis Burt Mayer; Louis B. Mayer.

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michael_faraday

  • noun the English physicist and chemist who discovered electromagnetic induction (1791-1867)
    Faraday.

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doppler

  • noun Austrian physicist famous for his discovery of the Doppler effect (1803-1853)
    Christian Johann Doppler.

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e._o._lawrence

  • noun United States physicist who developed the cyclotron (1901-1958)
    Ernest Orlando Lawrence; Lawrence.

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actor

  • noun a theatrical performer
    thespian; player; role player; histrion.
  • noun a person who acts and gets things done
    doer; worker.
    • he's a principal actor in this affair
    • when you want something done get a doer
    • he's a miracle worker

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rheology

  • noun the branch of physics that studies the deformation and flow of matter

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william_shockley

  • noun United States physicist (born in England) who contributed to the development of the electronic transistor (1910-1989)
    William Bradford Shockley; Shockley.

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oersted

  • noun the magnetic field strength 1 cm from a unit magnetic pole
  • noun Danish physicist (1777-1851)
    Hans Christian Oersted.

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zworykin

  • noun United States physicist who invented the iconoscope (1889-1982)
    Vladimir Kosma Zworykin.

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mikolaj_kopernik

  • noun Polish astronomer who produced a workable model of the solar system with the sun in the center (1473-1543)
    Copernicus; Nicolaus Copernicus.

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coulomb

  • noun a unit of electrical charge equal to the amount of charge transferred by a current of 1 ampere in 1 second
    C; ampere-second.
  • noun French physicist famous for his discoveries in the field of electricity and magnetism; formulated Coulomb's Law (1736-1806)
    Charles Augustin de Coulomb.

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conte_alessandro_volta

  • noun Italian physicist after whom the volt is named; studied electric currents and invented the voltaic pile (1745-1827)
    Volta; Conte Alessandro Giuseppe Antonio Anastasio Volta; Count Alessandro Volta.

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townes

  • noun United States physicist who developed the laser and maser principles for producing high-intensity radiation (1915-)
    Charles Hard Townes; Charles Townes.

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henry_russell

  • noun United States astronomer who developed a theory of stellar evolution (1877-1957)
    Henry Norris Russell; Russell.

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daniel_bernoulli

  • noun Swiss physicist who contributed to hydrodynamics and mathematical physics (1700-1782)
    Bernoulli.

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astronomy

  • noun the branch of physics that studies celestial bodies and the universe as a whole
    uranology.

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leo_esaki

  • noun physicist honored for advances in solid state electronics (born in Japan in 1925)
    Esaki.

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philipp

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wilhelm_konrad_rontgen

  • noun German physicist who discovered x-rays and developed roentgenography (1845-1923)
    Wilhelm Konrad Roentgen; Rontgen; Roentgen.

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charles

  • noun King of France from 1560 to 1574 whose reign was dominated by his mother Catherine de Medicis (1550-1574)
    Charles IX.
  • noun King of France who began his reign with most of northern France under English control; after the intervention of Jeanne d'Arc the French were able to defeat the English and end the Hundred Years' War (1403-1461)
    Charles VII.

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torricelli

  • noun Italian physicist who invented the mercury barometer (1608-1647)
    Evangelista Torricelli.

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geiger

  • noun German physicist who developed the Geiger counter (1882-1945)
    Hans Geiger.

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j._c._maxwell

  • noun Scottish physicist whose equations unified electricity and magnetism and who recognized the electromagnetic nature of light (1831-1879)
    Maxwell; James Clerk Maxwell.

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charles_hard_townes

  • noun United States physicist who developed the laser and maser principles for producing high-intensity radiation (1915-)
    Charles Townes; Townes.

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